NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production

NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production and select need one. NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 History Notes Paper 315.

NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production

Join Telegram channel

Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 History Chapter 34 Cultural Production, NIOS Senior Secondary Course History Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Cultural Production

Chapter: 34




Q. 1. State whether true or false: 

(a) Madhubani paintings originated as ritual and religious traditions. 

Ans: True.

(b) Cave paintings enjoyed royal patronage.

Ans: False.

(c) Mughal miniatures constitute a rural tradition.

Ans: False.

(d) Akbarnama and Padshahnama are biographies of kings.

Ans: True.

Q. 2. Name some of the places where early cave paintings are to be found.

Ans: Early cave paintings are to be found in the caves at Mirzapur and Banda in Uttar Pradesh, Bhimbetka and Singanpur in Madhya Pradesh the Mahadev hills of the Vindhya ranges and at Bellary in Karnataka.


Q. 1. What do you understand by the bandhini technique and where are bandhinis produced?

Ans: Bandhini involves a process in which a yarn and sometimes cloth is tied and dyed. It is produced in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Ikat in Orissa and Chungdi in Madurai.

Q. 2. Explain the meaning of the term kalamkari.

Ans: The term ‘kalamkari’ literally means working i.e. ‘kari’ with a pen, i.e. ‘Kalam’. 

Q. 3. State whether true or false:

(a) Cotton clothes are worn in warm weather.

Ans: True.

(b) Silks are cheaper than cotton.

Ans: False.

(c) Textiles which are tied and dyed are known as jamdani.

Ans: False.

(d) Indigo and madder are vegetable dyes. 

Ans: True.

(e)  Match the following:

Roti Kerala
Upma Portuguese
Seekh kababTamil Nadu
Chillies North India
Fish Mughlai food


Roti North India
Upma Tamil Nadu
Seekh kababMughlai food
Chillies Portuguese
Fish Kerala


Q. 1. What do you know about the arts of Ajanta and Ellora ?

Ans: (i) The paintings of Ajanta and Ellora are amongst the earliest paintings found in India. 

(ii) The themes in Ajanta are drawn from the life of the Buddha, especially depictions from the Jataka stories which record the many lives of the Buddha.

(iii) There are also some scenes from every day life such as the famous depiction from the Ajanta caves of the princess engaged in her makeup.

(iv) The arts of Ajanta and Ellora were patronised by the Gupta and Vakataka rulers and who belonged roughly to the period from the foruth to sixth centuries.

(v) These paintings are remarkable for their unfading colours.

Q. 2. How are today’s film hoardings different from the paintings in illustrated manuscripts?

Ans: (i) The early paintings were leisurely works of art while some modern artistic works are done at a fast pace to meet immediate requirements. For example hoardings and posters advertising films are meant to catch the attention of the public and are changed every week.

(ii) Unlike early paintings these hoardings have a short life since they are frequently replaced.

Q.3. Explain the significance of colours in traditional Indian textiles. 

Ans: (i) The colours in traditional Indian textiles reflect are very significant.

(ii) Red represents fertility and is generally worn by the bride on the occasion of her wedding. 

(iii) Ochre and white represent purity and sacrifice and are usually worn by spiritual persons and also by widows.

(iv) Black is considered inauspicious although in south India pregnant women wear black perhaps to ward off the evil eye.

(v) Colouring was traditionally done with vegetable dyes such as indigo and madder although now most dyers have switched over to cheaper chemical dyes. 

Q.4. Briefly discuss some of the regional variations of the Mahabharata epic.

Ans: (i) In a Telugu version of the Mahabharata it is said that after the Pandavas led by Yudhishthira lost their property and freedom in the game of dice to Duryodhana Draupadi exercised her right to participate in the dice game. To show her contempt for her opponent she threw the dice with her foot and began to win back whatever her husbands had lost. Draupadi is worshipped as a deity in many parts of south India.

(ii) A Tamil version of the Mahabharata refers to a Pandyan queen called Alirani who hated man and ruled only with the aid of women. It is said that she conquered Arjuna in battle, and later married him.

(iii) Bhima is the central figure in the Mahabharata stories from the Himalayan region. He and his tribal wife Hidimba are primary deities in the region of Mandi in Himachal Pradesh.

(iv) The practice of polyandry still exists following the Mahabharata tradition in which Draupadi is married to the five Pandava brothers. 

(v) In the Chattisgarh version of the Mahabharata called ‘Pandavani’, Bhima is again the central character.

(vi) Many tribal communities of the north- east claim to be directly descended from Bhima and Hidimba. For example the Darrang Kachari of Dimapur describe themselves as ‘Bhim-ni-fa’, i.e. the children of Bhima.

(vii) Although many events and characters are identifiable with northern India, the Mahabharata has a rich tradition which spreads across the length and breadth of the country.

(viii) Different communities understand and transmit it in their own ways incorporating various local stories this way, the Mahabharata reflects the different cultures of the people. These range from classical narrations to folk ballads.

Q.5. Describe the nature and variety of the regional cuisine in India.

Ans: (i) Most regions of India have their own distinctive cuisine. The southern states like Andhra Pradesh. Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are rice-based cultures. Idli, Dosa and Upma prepared by south Indians have now gained popularity in northern India and the easy availability of these dishes in north Indian states is a proof of the interaction between different communities.

(ii) Kerala like West Bengal which also has a coastal culture, is known for its fish preparations.

Multiple Choice Questions

Tick (✓) the correct answer.

Q. 1. Which of the following is a part of our culture?

(a) Pots and pans. 

(b) Paintings.

(c) Textiles, literature and food.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

Q. 2. The most exquisite designs were produced by women on the threshold of their homes with :

(a) rice flour.

(b) turmeric powder.

(c) vermilion powder. 

(d) all of the above.

Ans: (d) all of the above.

Q. 3. The Madhubani painting depicted the scenes from the life of:

(a) Krishna.

(b) Shiva.

(c) Vishnu.

(d) Indra.

Ans: (a) Krishna.

Q. 4. The earliest paintings which have come down to us are the

(a) wall paintings.

(b) cave paintings.

(c) roof paintings.

(d) floor paintings.

Ans: (b) cave paintings.

Q. 5. The themes in Ajanta paintings are drown from the life of:

(a) the Buddha. 

(b) the Mahavira.

(c) Indra.

(d) Vishnu.

Ans: (a) the Buddha. 

Q. 6. The rock cut temples of Mahabalipuram belong to the period of:

(a) Chandragupta I.

(b) Chandragupta II.

(c) Mamallan Harasimha Pallavan.

(d) Chandragupta Maurya.

Ans: (c) Mamallan Harasimha Pallavan.

Q. 7. Rishabhadeva was the: 

(a) first Tirthankara.

(b) second Tirthankara.

(c) third Tirthankara. 

(d) fourth Tirthankara.

Ans: (a) first Tirthankara.

Q. 8. The earliest literary reference to the loom on which cloth is woven, comes from the :

(a) Rig Veda.

(b) Sama Veda.

(c) Atharva Veda. 

(d) Yajur Veda.

Ans: (c) Atharva Veda.

Q. 9. The earliest designs on textiles were:

(a) diagonal.

(b) pictorial.

(c) geometrical. 

(d) none of the above.

Ans: (c) geometrical. 

Q. 10. Ikat is related to:

(a) painting.

(b) textile.

(c) music.

(d) architecture.

Ans: (b) textile.

Q. 11. ‘Adi Kavya’ was written by:

(a) Valmiki.

(b) Tulsidas.

(c) Vyas.

(d) Tukaram.

Ans: (a) Valmiki.

Q. 12. Who of the following hated man and ruled only with the aid of women?

(a) Karnavati.

(b) Padmavati.

(c) Alirani.

(d) Razia Sultan.

Ans: (c) Alirani.

Q. 13. Evidence of use of rice, ragi and horse gram have been found in:

(a) Brahmagiri.

(b) Hallur.

(c) Piklihal and Paiyampalli.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

Q. 14. Which of the following state has the rice culture? 

(a) Andhra Pradesh.

(b) Punjab.

(c) Jammu and Kashmir.

(d) Madhya Pradesh.

Ans: (a) Andhra Pradesh.

Q. 15. Awadhi cuisine today is reflective of:

(a) Maurya Culture.

(b) Mughal Nawabi Culture.

(c) Nanda Culture. 

(d) Turk Culture.

Ans: (b) Mughal Nawabi Culture.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top