NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7

NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Study Material of Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7 and select need one. NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7 Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 English Notes Paper 302.

NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 English Chapter 21 Reading With Understanding – 7, NIOS Senior Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

Reading With Understanding – 7

Chapter: 21



Intext Question 21.1

Q. 1. Answer the following Questions: 

(a) What is the common view on the purpose of education?

Ans: The common view on the purpose of education is that education is the means of earning one’s living.

(b) Does the author agree with the common view on education? 

Ans: No, the author does not agree with the common view on education.

(c) What are the two purposes of education according to the author?

Ans: According to the author, the two purposes of education are to produce responsible and good citizens and to make people capable of facing challenges of life. 

(d) How does a country benefit from well-educated individuals?

Ans: A country with well-educated individuals become a great nation which has well-developed community and society. 

(e) How does education help a person to face the challenges of life?

Ans: Education shapes a person’s personality by promoting a sense of co-exist acne, co- operation and sense of love and brotherhood. This helps in facing challenges of life. 

Q. 2. Given below are some groups of words. They are values which the author talks about. Find out words from the text which mean the same and write them in the blanks given.

(a) working together ____.

Ans: Cooperation.

(b) living together peacefully _____.

Ans: co-existence.

(c) to be concerned ____.

Ans: caring.

(d) to have ideals in common _____.

Ans: sharing.

(e) to hold something in esteem ____.

Ans: appreciate.

(f) being part of a fraternity ____.

Ans: brotherhood.

Intext Question 21.2

Q. 1. Answer the following

(a) Give one reason why a student can suffer from stress.

Ans: A student can suffer from stress if he/she has to study a subject which is not interesting for him/her.

(b) What happens when a person is stressed? Give three points. 

Ans. Following things happen when a person feel stressed:

(i) He has inferiority complex

(ii) He finds himself not able to do the work in hand.

(iii) And he loses his interest in things. 

(c) Mention three ways by which one can overcome stress.

Ans: Finding the root cause of stress, analysing the problem and getting timely help can help overcome stress. 

(d) What is the ill effect of being unduly ambitious?

Ans: Unduly ambitious person when faces failure, starts thinking negatively and fall prey to stress.

(e) Mention two effects that physical work and listening to music have on the human mind. 

Ans: Physical work and music make us feel fresh and make us efficient.

Q. 2. The words given below are taken from the passage. Tick the word closest in meaning to the word given. (Remember the meaning should fit into the sentence from where the word has been taken.) 

(a) ‘Aptitude’ in paragraph 1 means —

(i) gift

(ii) flair 

(iii) knack

Ans: Knack.

(b) ‘Diffidence’ in paragraph 1 means

(i) shyness

(ii) insecurity

(iii) timidness 

Ans: insecurity.

(c) ‘Analyse’ in paragraph 2 means

(i) examine

(ii) interpret 

(iii) dissect

Ans: examine.

(d) ‘Accomplish’ in paragraph 3 means

(i) realize

(ii) perform

(iii) complete

Ans: realize.

Intext Question 21.3

Complete the notes below on Time Management.

Meaning: utilizing time for the best.

Need: (b) Negative attitude.

How: time plan

Time plan is: in advance to be performed

Steps: (i) Underline important activities.

(ii) Estimate time to be devoted various activities. 

(iii) Practical, feasible and realistic time plan reference.

Overall Questions

Complete the table given below using the information you have gathered by reading the lesson.

Short Answer Type Questions

Q. 1. Why do we generally get education?

Ans: We generally get education to be able to earn our living.

Q. 2. Why are human beings considered as something much more than wage- earning machines?

Ans: Human beings are not the wage- earning machines only, because they can think and feel.

Q. 3. What is stress?

Ans: Stress is the mental tension and anxiety which is caused due to inefficiency at work.

Q. 4. What kind of situations leads to stress?

Ans: Stress is caused, when a person dislikes his work and want to change it, but the external pressures do not allow him to do so. 

Q. 5. What should one do, when one finds that he is stressed?

Ans: One should first of all find the cause of the stress and analyse it. He should not hesitate in taking others help if he is not able to do it on his own. 

Q. 6. What should one do to avoid stress?

Ans: To avoid stress one should plan one’s activities and take up tasks which one can easily do and behave patiently.

Q. 7. What else than work pressure, Cause stress?

Ans: Many other factors like urge to reach the top and become successful, greed and jealously, etc. also cause stress. 

Q. 8. What do you mean by time management?

Ans: Planning all the activities in advance and allocating time to them is time management. In simple words best utilization of time is called time management.

Q. 9. Write any three points, useful in preparing a time plan.

Ans: All the activities to be done should be listed.

― Estimated time should be allocated to them and work should be listed on priority bases. 

Q. 10. What things we should keep in mind while preparing time plan?

Ans: We should keep in mind that proper time should be allocated for entertainment, rest and the plan should be practical and feasible.

Long Answer Type Questions

Q. 1. Write a short note on the purposes of Education.

Ans: Education has different purposes. We commonly think that education is meant to prepare good professionals. We do not consider and count its moral and emotional purposes. It not only prepares good professionals but good humans also. It makes people good citizens, which further prepares a good society and good nation. Education makes a person emotionally strong, so that he is always ready to face the challenges of life and emerge as a winner. It strengthens the bond of brotherhood. So, the ultimate purpose of the education is to provide economic, moral, emotional and social strength to a person.

Q. 2. Why does stress happen and how can it be managed?

Ans: Stress occurs when someone is compelled to do work which is not of his interest or he finds that work beyond his capacity. Inferiority complex and failures also lead to stress. To combat the stress one should find the cause of the stress and analyse it. One should take up the work which one can easily accomplish. One should always think positively and hope for the best. Sharing one’s problems also removes the stress to some extent. One should have a cool and calm mind and he should behave patiently. Managing the time is another way of removing stress. Physical activities and other hobbies like reading, music, etc. also play an important role in getting rid of stress.

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