NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing

NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Home Science Notes Paper 216.

NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Home Science Chapter 12 Housing, NIOS Secondary Course Home Science Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.


Chapter: 12



Intext Questions 12.1.

Q.1. Write the type of function (protective, economic, social/religious and educative) against the activity given below: 

(a) Celebrating Diwali
(b) Keeping paying guest
(c) Caring of children and old people
(d) Taking tuitions
(e) Learning to respect others and be responsible
(f) Having meals together with the family

Ans: (a) Religious. 

(b) Economic. 

(e) Protective. 

(d) Economie. 

(e) Social.

(f) Social.

Q.2. State which aspect of site selection relates to the following given below: 

Ans: (a) Neighbourhood. 

(b) Soil conditions.

(c) Sanitary requirements.

(d) Practical convenience.

(e) Physical features.

(f) Practical convenience.

Q.3. Match the column A and column B. Write the correct number of response (i, ii, etc) from Column B. In the answer box against its match.

Column – AColumn – B
(a) Ideal home(i) Entertainment
(b) Small rooms(ii) Privacy
(c) Drawing room(iii) Exhaust fan
(d) Bathroom(iv) Provides space for all the functions 
(v) Multipurpose furniture


Column – AColumn – B
(a) Ideal home(iv) Provides space for all the functions Multipurpose furniture 
(b) Small rooms(v) Multipurpose furniture (ii) Privacy
(c) Drawing room(i) Entertainment 
(d) Bathroom(iii) Exhaust fan

Q.4. You want to make your room look more spacious. Given below are two options in one set. Choose the one which is the most suitable.

(a) Heavy furniture or Light furniture.

(b) Single use furniture or multi use furniture.

(c) Combine kitchen and dining room or kitchen and sitting room.

(d) Light colours on walls or Dark colours on walls.

Ans: (a) Light furniture. 

(b) Multi use furniture. 

(c) Combine kitchen and dining room.

(d) Light colours on walls.

Intext Questions 12.2.

Q.1. Given below in the box is a jumbled list of activities related to Cleaning. Place each under the category of daily, weekly or seasonal.

Dusting, cleaning before Diwali, sweeping of floor, removing cobwebs, polishing of furniture, cleaning of metal objects, making beds, washing curtains, cleaning bathrooms, cleaning of tiles in toilets, cleaning of stores, cleaning carpets with a brush, tidying up rooms, cleaning drains, mopping of floor, cleaning of wash basins.

Daily activities Weekly activities Seasonal activities 


    Daily activities    Weekly activitiesWeekly activities
DustingRemoving cobwebsCleaning before Diwali
SweepingCleaning of metal objectsWashing curtains
Making bedsCleaning of toilet tilesCleaning of store
Cleaning bathroomCleaning of washbasin
Tidying up roomsPolishing furniture
Cleaning carpets with brush
Cleaning drains

Intext Questions 12.3.

Q.1. State whether the statements given below are true or false:

(a) Sunlight acts as a mild disinfectant.

Ans: True. 

(b) Indoor plants turn yellow when placed in brightly lit rooms.

Ans: False.

(c) people living in dark and dingy rooms are more prone to falling sick.

Ans: True.

(d) Circulation of air removes stale air and brings in fresh air.

Ans: True.

(e) Ventilators provide light and fresh air in rooms.

Ans: True.

Q.2. Why is cross ventilation important for maintaining a healthy environment inside the house? Suggest ways to ensure cross ventilation in a house.

Ans: It provides good circulation of air in the room.

• Cross ventilation is possible when a window opens on to each of two different sides of the house and direct flow of air can take place between the two openings.

• By Placement of door and windows across from each other.

Q.3. Tick mark (✔) the most appropriate answer: 

(a) Soakage pits provide a Hygiene method for the disposal of ________.

(i) Garbage.

(ii) Waste water.

(iii) Human excreta.

(iv) All of the above.

Ans: (i) Garbage.

(b) Disposal of human excreta through water carriage system is generally not found in rural areas because it ________.

(i) Requires plenty of water.

(ii) Is expensive to construct.

(iii) Requires a common system of removal.

(iv) All of the above.

Ans: (ii) Is expensive to construct.

(c) The purposes of ventilation is ________.

(i) To give ample light.

(ii) To circulate the fresh air.

(iii) To bring in ample light and air.

(iv) None of these.

Ans: (ii) To circulate the fresh air.

(d) The ideal method of disposal of human excreta at community level is ________.

(i) Water closet.

(ii) Pit latrine.

(iii) Septic tank.

(iv) Any of these.

Ans: (i) Water closet.

(e) An ideal method of garbage disposal in a village is construction of a ________. 

(i) Garbage pit.

(ii) Placement of garbage bins.

(iii) Throwing garbage on the sides of streets.

(iv) None of the above.

Ans: (i) Garbage pit.

Terminal Exercise

Q.1. State any three functions performed by your home.

Ans: Three functions performed by own home are as follows:

1. Protective: It gives us protection from outside heat and cold, sun , wind, rain etc. It also gives protection to small children and and people who need special care.

2. Religious: A home provides a place for a number of religious activities. We celebrate various festivals while staying in a home.

3. Educative: A home is the centre of family life. A child ‘s basic education starts from the home, which helps in the development of personality.

Q.2. State any four important points to be considered while selecting a house and tell why you consider these important.

Ans: Our home meets many of our needs. It involves a lot of money and cannot be changed often. It is important that certain points are kept in mind so that a wise decision is made. Site of your house plays an important role in its selection.

1. Physical features: While selecting a site, choose a house in an open area. It should not be close to heavy traffic areas. These can affect health and activities due to air and noise pollutions.

2. Soil: The foundation of the house should be strong for it to stand on. The foundation depends upon the type of soil.

3. Sanitary requirements: You must have seen vacant plots filled with garbage. Such a piece of land is not recommended for construction of a house. A house built on such a plot will have uneven soil level and drainage problems.

4. Neighborhood: The house should be in the area which is developed in all aspects. A place is called developed area when it has electricity, roads and drainage laid out common facilities like post office, banks, school, and markets are available nearby.

Q.3. Name two sources of lightning in the house and state why each one is important.

Ans: Two sources of lightning in the house are:

1. Natural Lighting: The light that we receive from natural sources Example: The sun.

2. Artificial Lighting: The light that we receive from artificial source, such as tube light, bulbs.

Sun light is important for all the rooms but more specially for kitchen and bathroom where water is used frequently. If sunlight dose not enter into these areas, they will remain dark and damp. It will encourage the entry of mosquitoes and cockroaches. It is not very hygienic to stay in such a house.

Sometimes it is not possible to have natural light in each and every corner of the house. Some use artificial light. In the evening we need artificial Lighting.

Q.4. State any three advantage of ventilation.

Ans: Three advantage of ventilation: 

1. Fresh air is essential for healthy living. 

2. The carbon dioxide that we breathe out is removed and the fresh air brings in oxygen for us to breathe in for this.

3. Ventilators can help circulation of air.

Q.5. What are the effects of poor lighting on your health? 

Ans: Poor lighting in home leaves very bad effect on our health. It should be ensured that most of the rooms get some sunlight during the day. Sunlight acts as a mild disinfectant. Example it kills germs and keeps the place healthy. It also heats up the rooms and thus, remove dampness from the home.

Q.6. Which method do you suggest is ideal for the disposal of human excreta and waste water and why?

Ans: Septic tank system is the most sanitary method for removal of human excreta because: 

1. Hygienic. 

2. Low cost and easy to construct than the water closet system.

3. Free from foul smell.

4. Maintenance is easy and cost low. 

5. Dose not require cleaning of pits.

6. Gases are dispersed into the soil.

7. Eliminates mosquitoes, insects and fly breeding.

Q.7. Name two cleaning agents you will use to clean window glass panes.

Ans: 1. Moist newspaper pad.

2. Vinegar and commercial glass cleaner.

Q.8. Suggest two ways you will adopt to make a one room house appear spacious.

Ans: 1. If the room is small, use white, yellow and cream colours because they reflect light, spread illumination and add to the spaciousness of any area. 

2. A well lit room seems more spacious than a poorly lit room. Light and mirrors together work wonders in creating an illusion of space.

Q.9. Write any three essential planning tips for designing a  good kitchen.

Ans: A good kitchen has: 

1. Kitchen should be clean to the dining room and away from bed room and drawing room to avoid germs and smell. 

2. Kitchen should have proper arrangement for natural light and fresh air.

3. Kitchen should also have an exhaust fan or chimney for exhaustion of smoke fumes and hot air.

Q.10. List any four activities which are performed in a kitchen.

Ans: Four activities performed in a kitchen are:

1. Cooking area. 

2. Preparation area.

3. Washing area.

4. Storage in the kitchen.

Q.11. Think of the situation given below and answer the questions.

The festival of Diwali is approaching and your mother is not keeping well. You want to help your mother in cleaning and decorating your home for the festival. 

(a) List the activities that need to be performed for clearing and decorating your home.

(b) Sequence these activities in an order.

(c) Assign specific activities and tasks to different family members. What criteria Will you keep in mind while doing this?

Ans: (a) Cleaning and decorating our home.

(b) Activities lists: (i) Clean window specially glass/ mirror window.

(ii) Cleaning doors and polishing of furniture. 

(iii) Dusting on walls.

(iv) Cleaning of metal objects. 

(v) Washing curtains. 

(vi) Making beds. 

(vii) Cleaning bathrooms, tiles in toilets and stores. 

(viii) Decorating room different types of colours papers, flowers etc.

(c) Brother: Help in cleaning room activities. Sister help in making bed and tiding up rooms. My work is other works and activities done for me.


Multiple Choice Questions

Tick (✔) the correct answer: 

1. A house is basically the physical construction made of:

(a) Brick.

(b) Sand.

(c) Cement.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

2. Which of the following is a function of a home?

(a) Protective. 

(b) Religious.

(c) Educative and social.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

3. Which of the following is not an artificial light?

(a) Sun light.

(b) Tube light.

(c) Bulb light.

(d) Lantern light.

Ans: (a) Sun light.

4. Which of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Sun light acts as a mild disinfectant.

(b) Home is a place where all family members stay together with love and affection.

(c) A home does not have economic function

(d) We enjoy a particular status in the society if we are staying in a home.

Ans: (c) A home does not have economic function.

5. Which of the following can help circulation of air a home? 

(a) Table fan.

(b) Ceiling fan.

(c) Ventilator.

(d) None of the above.

Ans: (c) Ventilator.

6. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

(a) The house should be swept and mopped daily.

(b) The household waste should not be disposed off in the public garbage.

(c) Waste water from the house should be led into the Soakage pit.

(d) Soakage pits should not be constructed near a well.

Ans: (b) The household waste should not be disposed off in the public garbage.

7. Which of the following is the most sanitary method for removal of human excreta?

(a) Water closet.

(b) Pit laterine.

(c) Bore hole latrine.

(d) None of the above.

Ans:  (a) Water closet.

8. Daily cleaning includes: 

(a) Sweeping and mopping of floors.

(b) Dusting surfaces.

(c) Making beds in the morning.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

9. Stain on plastic chairs can be removed by: 

(a) Soap. 

(b) Vinegar.

(c) Water.

(d) None of the above.

Ans: (b) Vinegar.

10. Which of the following activities are performed in a home?

(a) Cooking.

(b) Dining and bathing.

(c) Sleeping.

(d) All of the above.

Ans: (d) All of the above.

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