NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books and select need one. NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books Question Answers Download PDF. NCERT SST Class 6 Solutions.

NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books

Also, you can read the NCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Book guidelines. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Solutions are part of All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NCERT Class 6 Social Science Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings and Books, NCERT Class 6 Social Science Textbook of Our Pasts – I: History, The Earth – Our Habitat: Geography, Social and political Life: Civics. for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Buildings, Paintings and Books

Chapter: 12




Q. 1. Match the following:

(i) StupaPlace where the image of the deity is installed
(ii) ShikharaMound
(iii) MandapaCircular path around the stupa
(iv) GarbhagrihaPlace in temples where people could assemble
(v) Pradakshina pathaTower


(i) StupaMound
(ii) ShikharaTower
(iii) MandapaPlace in temples where people could assemble
(iv) GarbhagrihaPlace where the image of the deity is installed
(v) Pradakshina pathaCircular path around the stupa

Q. 2. Fill in the blanks:

(a) ________was a great astronomer.

Ans. Aryabhatta.

(b) Stories about Gods and Goddesses are found in the ________.

Ans. Puranas.

(c) ________is recognised as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.

Ans. Valmiki. 

(d) ________ and ________are two Tamil epics. 

Ans. Silappadikaram, Manimekalai.


Q. 3. Make a list of the chapters in which you find mention of metal working What are the metals objects mentioned or shown in those chapters?

Ans. The chapters are as follows: 

(a) In the Earliest Cities.

(b) What Books and Burials Tell us.

(c) Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic. 

(d) Vital Villages, Thriving Towns.

(e) Traders, Kings and Pilgrims.

Q. 4. Read the story on page 130. In what ways is the monkey king similar to or different from the kings you read about in Chapters 6 and 11?

Ans. The monkey king had similar powers as other kings. He is intelligent, diplomatic and brave. He has the capability to take right decisions. When he observes the situation of the attack on his community by the king’s men, he makes a quick plan to save his army. First, he let all of them cross the river. At last, he gets tired and exhausted. He fell down and is dead. He proves himself to be great protector and saviour of his army and kingdom. He has all the good qualities that a good human king possesses. 

Q. 5. Find out more and tell a story from one of the epics.

Ans. The epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata teach us a lot from their stories. One of the stories of Mahabharata runs like this: Yudhishthira, the victor in the Kurukshetra war ruled the Kuru Kingdom wisely. After sometime, his brothers and Draupadi decided to move to the forests to lead an austere life. 

On the day, they were leaving, two Brahmins came to Yudhisthira. Brahmin A said that he had bought a piece of land from Brahmin B for building a house and having paid the money he had legally registered the dead. When he started to dig the land for laying the foundation he had discovered a pot of gold. Brahmin B came to know about this and was claiming the gold as it was his ancestors who had obtained the title for the land whatever was therein the land automatically belonged to him. 

Yudhishthira heard the two Brahmins and turned what Bhima thought of the dispute. Bhima told brother, “Respected elder brother, yesterday these two Brahmins came to me with the same problem. Brahmin A, the new owner of the land, said that had only bought the land and hence had no claim over the treasure. But Brahmin B would have nothing of it. The treasure came from the land which now belonged to Brahmin A, he said. In fact, they were telling us just the opposite of what they are presenting today. This mean that from today Dwaparayuga is over and the Kaliyuga in born.” In Kaliyuga, where we live, morals are completely dead.


Q. 6. List some steps that can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people.

Ans. Round, tall, big and small buildings and monuments are accessible to differently abled people. In these buildings bodily remains of abled can be kept. Their teeth, bones, ashes, clothes can also be placed there.

Q. 7. Try and list as many uses of paper as you can.

Ans. List as many uses of paper as we can are as follows:

(a) It is used for printing books. 

(b) It is used for making note books. 

(c) It is used for making brouchur.

(d) It is used for making post cards.

(e) It is used for making postal stamps and revenue stamps.

(f) It is used for making currency.

(f). 8. If you could visit any one of the places described in this chapter, which would you choose and why?

Ans. If we want to visit Delhi, we would like to go to Mehrauli. Here the Iron pillar is situated. The Iron pillar is one of the finest example of skill of Indian crafts person. It is made of Iron and weighted over three tonnes. The height of the pillar is about 7.2 m and was of 1500 rag. On this pillar the date of Chandragupta’s rule (the ruler of Gupta Empire) was clearly mentioned. The beauty and vision of this pillar looks so as to 1500 years ago.



Q. 1. Give one example of the skill of Indian crafts person during the ancient period.

Ans. The Iron pillar at Mehrauli is the example of the skill of Indian crafts person. 

Q. 2. What are the things mentioned in a small box placed at the center or heart of the stupa?

Ans. A small box placed at the center or heart of the stupa is that it may contains bodily remains of the Buddha or his followers or things they used, as well as precious stones and coins

Q. 3. Name the path which was laid around the stupa. 

Ans. A path known as the pradakshina path was laid around the stupa.

Q. 4. Name two places where some of the finest stone temples were built during the ancient period.

Ans. Two places where some of the finest stone temples were built are Aihole and Mahabalipuram.

Q. 5. What are Chaityas and Viharas?

Ans. Chaityas are the halls enclosing the stupas. Viharas are monastaries or places where the Buddhist monk lived.

Q. 6. What are Puranas?

Ans. The word Puranas means old. There are 18 Puranas. They contain stories about Hindus Gods and Goddesses.

Q. 7. Name any two works of Kalidasa.

Ans. Two works of Kalidasa are: 

(a) Meghadutam. 

(b) Abhigyan Shakuntalam.

Q. 8. Name the temples build during the Pallava period.

Ans. The temples build during the Pallava period are:

(a) Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram.

(b) Kailash Nath Temple at Kanchi.

Q. 9. Give examples of stupas found in India.

Ans. Stupas in India are: 

(a) Sanchi Stupa in Madhya Pradesh, built during the reign of Ashoka.

(b) Amravati Stupa in the Deccan. 

Q. 10. Name the famous temples of the Gupta period.

Ans. The most famous temples of the Gupta period are the temples at Deogarh, Sanchi and Bhitargaon.


Q. 1. What is so important about garbhagriha? 

Ans. The most important part of the temple was the room known as the garbhagriha where the image of the chief deity was placed. It was here that priests performed religious rituals and devotees offered worship to the deity. 

Q. 2. Define Mandapa and Shikhara.

Ans. Most temples also had a space known as the mandapa. It was a hall where people could assemble. A tower known as the shikhara was built on top of the garbhagriha, to mark it out as a sacred place.

Q. 3. What is special about the Iron pillar at Mehrauli in Delhi?

Ans. Iron pillar at Mehrauli is special because of the following points:

(a) The iron pillar at Mehrauli in Delhi is a remarkable example of the skill of Indian craftsmen. The pillar is made of iron.

(b) It is 7.2 meters high and weighs around 6.5 tonnes.

(c) It was constructed over 1600 years ago (during the Gupta Period) but has shown no signs of rust so far. 

Q. 4. Give examples of literature composed by ordinary people. What do these literature contain? 

Ans. Jatakas and Panchatantra are examples of literature composed by ordinary people. of man and They tell us about the people and the society, gives us lessons about the nature how he reacts to different situations and circumstance. These stories have a moral lesson which are relevant to us even today.

Q. 5. What are epics? Name two great epics written during the ancient period.

Ans. Epics are great, long compositions about heroic men and women and includes stories about gods. Ramayana and Mahabharta are the two great epics written during the ancient period. 

Q.6. Write down the three important contributions to astronomy made in Ancient India?

Ans. The three important contributions to astronomy made in Ancient India are as follows: 

(a) Indian astronomers discovered the cause of solar and lunar eclipses. 

(b) The circumference of the earth that he measured is considered to be correct even now.

(c) The sun is stationary and the earth rotates. 

Q. 7. What are Puranas? What do they contain? 

Ans. The Puranas literally means of ancient times. The Puranas were originally narrated verbally and were written down later. They contain stories about gods and goddesses such as Vishnu, Shiva and Durga. They were written in simple sanskrit and were heard by everyone including men and women. 

Q. 8. Write a note on the importance of Kalidasa.

Ans. Kalidasa was an extraordinary poet and dramatist of the Gupta period. His most well on epic poems are Meghaduta and Raghuvamsa. He also wrote plays, the most famous of which is Abhijanashakuntalam.


Q. 1. How were stupas and temples built?

Ans. There were several stages in building a stupa or a temple. Kings or queens decided to build these as it was an expensive affairs. Stupas and temples were built in the following 

(a) First, good quality stone had to be found, quarried and transported to the place that was Banner! shen carefully choosen for the new building. 

(b) The rough blocks of stone had to be shaped and carved into pillars and panels for walls, floors and ceilings. And then these had to be placed in precisely the right position.

(c) Kings and Queens probably spent money from their treasury to pay the crafts persons who worked to build these splendid structures. 

(d) Besides, when devotees came to visit the temple or the stupa, they often brought gifts, which were used to decorate the buildings.

Q. 2. Name a famous Tamil epic. What story is mentioned in the books?

Ans. A famous Tamil epic, the Silappadikaram, was composed by a poet named Ilang around 1800 years ago. It is the story of a merchant named Kovalan, who lived in Puhar and fell in love with a courtesan named Madhavi, neglecting, his wife Kannagi. He and Kannag left Puhar and went to Madurai, where he was wrongly accused of theft by the court jeweller of the Pandya king. The king sentenced Kovalan to death. Kannagi, who still loved him, wa full of grief and anger at this injustice, and destroyed the entire city of Madurai. 

Q. 3. What are the features of a typical Gupta temple?

Ans. During the Gupta period, image worship became very popular among the Hindus Deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Durga were worshipped. 

A Gupta temple had the following features:

(a) Garbhagriha: This was the most important part of the temple. It was true that the image of the chief deity was placed.

(b) Shikhara or Vimana: It was a tower on the top of the garbhagriha to mark it out as a sacred place.

(c) Mandapa: It was an assembly hall where people assembled and prayed. 

Q. 4. What are the different statues of temples discovered during Gupta period?

Ans. The Bodh Gaya Temple (Bihar) and the Nalanda University were built during the late Gupta period. A number of images of Buddha, Vishnu, Shiva and other deities have been discovered at Sarnath and Mathura. Image of the seated Buddha has been a touch of excellence.

The statue of the standing Buddha at Mathura is also very impressive.

Q. 5. Why are the Ajanta and Ellora caves important?

Ans. The Ajanta and Ellora caves are important. These caves are near Aurangabad. These are well-known for their cave architectural sculpture and murals. This has been declared as the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The 29 rock cut caves are built between the 2nd century and 8th century, BCE and CE. The fresco paintings on the walls of the Ajanta Caves depict scenes from the life of the Buddha. 

The Ellora Caves consist of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain temples. There are 34 rock cut caves constructed between the 5th and 10th centuries CE.

Q. 6. What is a Stupa? Briefly explain its features. 

Ans. A stupa is a type of a buddhist monument. Its features are: 

(a) It is usually a dome shaped structure with a central chamber.

(b) A casket containing the relics (ie., remains such as teeth, hair, bones and ashes) of the Buddha or his disciples is kept inside the chamber.

(c) The stupa which is built over this chamber is made of bricks and clay. 

(d) The stupa is sometimes surrounded by a stone fence, which encloses a path called the pradakshina patha. Devotees walk clockwise around the stupa along this path to show respect to the relies.


Q. 1. How the recordings and preserving old stories were mentioned in Puranas? 

Ans. A number of Hindu religious stories that were in circulation earlier written down around the same time. These include the Puranas. Purana literally means old. The puranas contain stories about Gods and Goddesses, such as Vishnu, Shiva, Durga or Parvati. It also contains detail on how they were to be worshipped. Besides, there are accounts about the creations of the world and about kings. Puranas were written in simple Sanskrit verse, and were meant to be heard by everybody including women and Shudras, who were not allowed to study vedas. They were recited in temples by priests, and people came to listen to them. 

Q. 2. What do you know about the story of Mahabharata as mentioned in Puranas?

Ans. The Mahabharata is a Sanskrit epics. The Mahabharata is about a war fought between the Kauravas and Pandavas, who were cousins. This was a war to gain control of the throne of the Kurus, and their capital, Hastinapura. The story itself was an old one, but was written down in the form in which we know it today, about 1500 years ago. Both the Puranas and the Mahabharata are supposed to have been compiled by Vyasa.


Q. 1. Write a short note on Ramayana.

Ans. The Ramayana is a Sanskrit epic. It has been popular from a very long time. The Ramayana is about Rama, prince of Kosala, who was sent into exile. His wife Sita was abducted by the king of Lanka, named Ravana, and Rama had to fight a battle to get her back. He won and returned to Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala after his victory. 

Q. 2. Write a short note on ‘Aryabhatiya’.

Ans. Aryabhatta, a Mathematician and astronomer, wrote a book in Sanskrit known as the Aryabhatiyam. He stated that day and night were caused by the rotation of the earth on its is, even though it seems as if the sun is rising and setting everyday. He developed a scientific planation for eclipses as well. He also found a way of calculating the circumference of a drcia, which is nearly as accurate as the formula we are using today.

Q. 3. Write a note on Aryabhatta’s contribution to astronomy.


Point out three important contributions to astronomy made in Ancient India. 

Ans. Aryabhatta was a famous astronomer and scientist of the ancient period. 

He made the following contributions towards astronomy:

(a) His book Aryabhatiya mentions about the decimal system and the place value of numbers. 

(b) He proved that the earth rotates on its own axis and also calculated the duration of an eclipse.

(c) He also gave an accurate value of pi.


Look at the picture and identify and write its name:



Tick (✓) the correct option:

(a) The Ajanta caves are located in:

(i) Allahabad.

(ii) Ellora (Maharashtra).

(iii) Madurai (Tamil Nadu).

Ans. (iii) Madurai (Tamil Nadu). 

(b) The Bhagavad Gita is a part of the:

(i) Rig Veda.

(ii) Mahabharata.

(iii) Ramayana.

Ans. (i) Mahabharata.

(c) _________was the most famous mathematician of the Gupta period.

(i) Kalidasa.

(ii) Aryabhatta.

(iii) Shudraka.

(iv) Ilango.

Ans. (i) Aryabhatta. 

(d) The Ajanta caves are decorated with ___________.

(i) Sculptures. 

(ii) Paintings.

(iii) Wood Carvings.

(iv) Engravings.

Ans. (ii) Paintings.


(a) Paper was invented in ________.

Ans. China.

(b) The two famous physicians of India were _________ and________.

Ans. Susruta, Charaka. 

(c) Mahabharata was written by _________.

Ans. Veda Vyasa.

(d) Meghaduta is an epic poem written by __________.

Ans. Kalidasa.

(e) Stories from the Indian folklore are best depicted in ________and _________.

Ans. Jatakas and Panchatantra.


(a) There are 20 Puranas, which enrich our literary heritage.

Ans. False.

(b) The Kailashnath Temple is situated in Ellora. 

Ans. True.

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