Class 9 Social Science MCQ Chapter 13 Basic Economic Problems, Class 9 Social Science MCQ Question Answer, Class 9 Social Science Multiple Choice Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of SCERT Social Science Class 9 Objective Types Question Answer so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Class 9 Social Science MCQ Chapter 13 Basic Economic Problems can be of great value to excel in the examination.
SCERT Class 9 Social Science MCQ Chapter 13 Basic Economic Problems
SCERT Class 9 Social Science MCQ Chapter 13 Basic Economic Problems Notes covers all the exercise questions in SCERT Science Textbooks. The NCERT Class 9 Social Science MCQ Chapter 13 Basic Economic Problems provided here ensures a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every chapter and score well in the board exams.
Basic Economic Problems
Chapter – 13
Multiple Choice Questions & Answers
1. What percentage of the total land area of world is in India?
Ans: (d) 2.4%.
2. What is the population of India according to the 2011 census?
(a) 100 crore.
(b) 110 crore.
(c) 121 crore.
(d) 124 crore.
Ans: (c) 121 crore.
3. Which state of India has the highest sex ration?
(d) Tamil Nadu.
Ans: (c) Kerala.
4. What is the density of population in Assam?
Ans: (d) 397.
5. Which is the highest populated state in India?
(c) Uttar Pradesh.
Ans: (c) Uttar Pradesh.
6. What is the burning problem faced by various countries in the world?
(d) Contagious disease.
Ans: (c) Poverty.
7. What is the basis of poverty line in India?
Ans: (d) Calorie.
8. What was the main objective of 5th Five year Plan?
(a) attain wealth.
(b) raise national income.
(d) removal of poverty.
Ans: (d) removal of poverty.
9. When was Minimum Needs Programme adopted?
(a) During 2nd Five year plan.
(b) During 3rd Five year plan.
(c) During 5th Five year plan.
(d) During 6th Five year plan.
Ans: (c) During 5th Five year plan.
10. Which one is one of the causes of poverty?
Ans: (c) Economic.
11. What is excessive growth of population termed?
(a) population explosion.
(b) increase of population.
(c) thickly population.
(d) uncontrolled population.
Ans: (a) population explosion.
12. In which country is the growth of population highest?
Ans: (b) India.
13. Which is the lowest populated state in India?
Ans: (d) Lakshadweep.
14. Which district of Assam is the most populated?
Ans: (b) Nagaon.
15. Which is the least populated district in Assam?
(b) Dima Hasao.
Ans: (b) Dima Hasao.
16. What is the density of population in India?
Ans: (d) 382.
17. Which state in India has the lowest sex ratio?
(d) Tamil Nadu.
Ans: (c) Haryana.
18. What is the sex ratio in Assam?
Ans: (a) 954.
19. From where infiltration to Assam has taken place?
Ans: (c) Bangladesh.
20. Which is not a cause of unemployment?
(a) population explosion.
(b) jobless growth.
(c) high birth rate.
(d) Slow industrialization.
Ans: (c) high birth rate.
21. Which one is a cause of inflation?
(a) demand pull.
(b) supply pull.
(c) low production.
(d) high production.
Ans: (a) demand pull.
Very Short Answer Type Questions:
1. Which state in India has the highest sex ratio?
2. What is the sex ratio in Kerala?
Ans: There are 1084 women against 1000 men.
3. What is the density of population in Assam?
4. What are the causes of inflation?
Ans: There are two main causes of inflation. They are: Demand pull and Cost pull.
5. How many workers are there in an unregulated sector?
Ans: In an unregulated sector there are less than 10 workers.
6. Which committee put forward the definition of Sustainable Development and when?
Ans: The Brundtland Commission put forward the definition of Sustainable Development in 1987.
7. What is the motto of environmental thinkers?
Ans: The motto of environmental thinkers is: “Think globally; act locally.”
8. How does economic imbalance occur?
Ans: Economic imbalance occurs as a result of uneven distribution of wealth and income.
9. What is the basis of poverty line in India?
10. What is one of the main characteristics of Indian economy?
Ans: Widespread and severe poverty.
11. What was the main objective of 5th Five year plan?
Ans: Removal of poverty.
12. When was Minimum Needs Programme adopted?
Ans: During the 5th Five year plan.
13. How many divisions are the causes of poverty divided into?
Ans: Three. (i) Historic (ii) Economic (iii) Social.
14. What does population explosion mean?
Ans: excessive growth of population.
15. In which country is the growth of population the highest?
Ans: In India.
16. What is India’s population according to the census of 2011?
Ans: 121 crore.
17. What is the percentage of world’s land in India?
Ans: 2.4 %
18. Which state of India has the most density of population?
Ans: West Bengal.
19. Which state of India has the least density of population?
Ans: Arunachal Pradesh.
20. What is the sex ratio in India?
Ans: 980 female in proportion to per thousand male.
21. Which state in India that has the lowest sex ration?
22. Name two countries from where infiltration to Assam has taken place.
Ans: Bangladesh and Nepal.
23. How can workers population ratio be found?
Ans: Workers population ratio can be found by dividing the total workers population by total population and multiplying it by 100.
24. What is the full form of NSSO?
Ans: National Sample Survey Organisation.
25. Write the definition of inflation given by Coulburn.
Ans: According to Coulburn, “Inflation is a situation of too much money chasing too few foods.”
26. What is cost push inflation?
Ans: Cost push inflation is the inflation caused by the rise in the cost of production.
27. Which section suffers the most during inflation?
Ans: Fixed income earners.
Short Answer Type Questions:
1. What is the cause that widens the gap between the rich and the poor?
Ans: The uneven distribution of wealth and income leads to economic imbalance in a country. This results in the widening of the gap between the rich and the poor. The poor people are caught in the vicious cycle of poverty which pushes them further into the depths of poverty.
2. What are the main causes of poverty in rural India?
Ans: The reasons of poverty in rural India are the absence of land ownership, the absence of employment opportunities outside the agriculture sector, the seasonal unemployment occurring in the agriculture sector, the presence of uneducated and unskilled labour, the limited size of agricultural production, low rate of wages etc.
3. What is disguised unemployment?
Ans: Disguised or hidden unemployed are those who look as if they are employed but they do not have any role in the total production. For example, if a job can be carried out by two people and if five people are engaged for the same, then the extra three people are said to be disguised unemployed.
4. Define poverty.
Ans: Several economists have put forward different definitions of poverty. In a broad sense, poverty is a situation where an individual is unable to procure the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing, shelter, education and health services.
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