Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Settlement: Rural and Urban life

Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Settlement: Rural and Urban life Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapter SEBA Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Settlement: Rural and Urban life Notes Pdf Download and select needs one.

Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Settlement: Rural and Urban life

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Also, you can read SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given SEBA Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Settlement: Rural and Urban life Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here.

Settlement: Rural and Urban life

Chapter – 4

Exercise

1. Write answers:

(a) Settlement can be divided into how many types?

Ans: Settlement can be divided into 2 types.

(b) What percent of people in the rural areas are involved in agriculture?

Ans: About 58% of people in rural areas in India are involved in agriculture.

(c) What type of activity is basically associated with the central part of a town?

Ans: The central part of a town is basically associated with commercial activities.

(d) Into how many categories can Indian towns be divided on the basis of period of development?

Ans: Indian towns can be divided into three categories on the basis of period of development: ancient, mediaeval, and modern.

(e) What should be the minimum population of a town in India as per census department?

Ans: The minimum population of a town in India as per the census department should be 5,000.

(f) Name the only city in Assam being administered by Municipal Corporation.

Ans: The minimum population of a town in India as per the census department should be 5,000.

2. Write true or false.

(a) Density is more in rural settlement than in urban settlement. 

Ans: False.

(b) Majority of the people in rural settlements are service holders.

Ans: False.

(c) New Delhi is an administrative town.

Ans: False.

(d) Agra is situated by the side of a river.

Ans: True.

(e) Silchar is situated on the bank of the river Barak.

Ans: True.

3. Write short answers.

(a) Occupations in rural areas.

Ans: Occupations in rural areas are mentioned below: 

(i) Agriculture: Farming of crops and livestock rearing.

(ii) Animal Husbandry: Rearing and management of animals for dairy, meat, or other products.

(iii) Forestry: Management and harvesting of forest resources.

(iv) Fishing: In areas near water bodies, fishing is a common occupation.

(v) Handicrafts and Cottage Industries: Production of handicrafts and goods like pottery, weaving, and carpentry.

(b) Advantages of urban settlement.

(c) What are the reasons for the dense pattern settlement in towns?

Ans: The reasons for the dense pattern settlement in towns are mentioned below: 

(i) Social Interaction and Community Life: Dense settlements promote social interaction, community cohesion, and cultural exchange, which are attractive aspects of urban life.

(ii) Infrastructure and Services: Availability of utilities like water supply, electricity, sanitation, and public services (such as schools and hospitals) are more efficiently provided in densely settled areas.

(iii) Land Use Planning: Zoning regulations and urban planning policies can encourage or mandate densification to optimise land use and infrastructure investments.

(d) What is a Megalopolis?

Ans: A Megalopolis refers to a vast, continuous urban region formed by the merging of multiple large cities and their surrounding suburbs and metropolitan areas.

4. Prepare two separate tables citing advantages and problems of towns.

Ans: Two separate tables citing advantages and problems of towns are mentioned below:

Advantages of Towns

AdvantagesDescription
Economic OpportunitiesTowns offer diverse job opportunities in industries, services, and commerce, attracting a wide range of skills and fostering economic growth.
InfrastructureTowns generally have better infrastructure compared to rural areas, including roads, utilities, healthcare facilities, and educational institutions.
Social and Cultural AmenitiesTowns provide access to cultural activities, recreational facilities, entertainment venues, and diverse communities, enhancing quality of life.

Problems of Towns

ProblemsDescription
Overcrowding and High DensityTowns often face issues of overcrowding, leading to high population density, congestion, and pressure on infrastructure and services.
Housing AffordabilityHigh demand for housing in towns can result in inflated property prices, making it difficult for lower-income groups to afford suitable accommodation.
Traffic CongestionIncreased vehicular traffic in towns can lead to traffic congestion, longer commute times, air pollution, and road safety concerns.

5. With the help of an atlas name any ten towns of Assam and mention the districts in which they are situated.

Ans: Ten towns of Assam along with the districts in which they are situated:

(i) Guwahati – Kamrup Metropolitan District.

(ii) Dibrugarh – Dibrugarh District.

(iii) Jorhat – Jorhat District.

(iv) Silchar – Cachar District.

(v) Tezpur – Sonitpur District.

(vi) Nagaon – Nagaon District.

(vii) Tinsukia – Tinsukia District.

(viii) Goalpara – Goalpara District.

(ix) Barpeta – Barpeta District.

(x) Hailakandi – Hailakandi District.

6. Record the educational qualifications and occupations of the members of ten families residing in your locality and prepare a detailed report.

Ans: Do yourself.

7. Identify the location of newly announced districts by looking at the map of Assam.

Ans: 

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