# Class 12 Logic And Philosophy Chapter – 1 Nature of Inductive Enquiry Various Kinds of Induction

Class 12 Logic And Philosophy Chapter – 1 Nature of Inductive Enquiry Various Kinds of Induction The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapter Assam Board Class 12 Logic And Philosophy Chapter – 1 Nature of Inductive Enquiry Various Kinds of Induction and select needs one.

### Class 12 Logic And Philosophy Chapter – 1 Nature of Inductive Enquiry Various Kinds of Induction

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B) Short types answer – 3 marks each.

1) ‘The conclusion of scientific induction is certain’ – why ?

Ans:- The conclusion of scientific induction is certain, because it is based on the law of causation. The law of causation states that every event must have a cause. As scientific induction is based on this presupposition, so the value of it is highest.

2) Define scientific induction.

Ans:- Scientific Induction :- Scientific Induction is the establishment of a general real proposition, based on observation of particular instances, in reliance on the principle of the uniformity of nature and the law of causation.

3) What is unscientific induction ?

Ans:- Unscientific induction :- unscientific induction is the establishment of a general real proposition on the ground of mere uniform or uncontradicted experience without any attempt at explaining a causal connection.

4) Mention two conditions of good analogy.

Ans:- Two conditions of good analogy are :-

a) The greater the number and the importance of the known points of resemblance, the greater the value of analogical argument.

b) The greater the number and the importance of the known points of difference, the less the value of the analogical argument.

5) ‘The conclusion of unscientific induction is probable’ – why ?

Ans:- The conclusion of unscientific induction in merely probable. It can never reach the certainty of scientific induction. Because there is no attempt at explanation by proving any causal connection amongst facts observed.

6) Mention any one condition to determine the value of analogy.

Ans:- One condition to determine the value of analogy is :-

The greater the number and the importance of the known points of resemblance, the greater the value of the analogical argument.

7) What are the different stages of inductive method or inductive procedure ?

Ans:- The different stages of induction method or inductive procedure are :-

a) Observation,

b) Formation of Hypothesis,

c) Generalisation and

d) Verification.

8) Define Inductive Inference with suitable example.

Ans:- Inductive Inference is that kind of inference in which the conclusion is more general then the premises. For example :-

Ram is mortal

Hari is mortal