Class 11 Geography Chapter 14 Movements of Ocean Water

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Class 11 Geography Chapter 14 Movements of Ocean Water The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SCERT Class 11 Geography Chapter 14 Movements of Ocean Water and select need one.

Class 11 Geography Chapter 14 Movements of Ocean Water

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 Geography Chapter 14 Movements of Ocean Water Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

Movements of Ocean Water

Chapter: 14




Q.1. Upward and downward movement of ocean water is known as the- 

(i) Tide 

(ii) Current

(iii) Wave

(iv) None of the above 

Ans: (i) Tide

Q.2. Spring tides are caused- 

(i) As a result of the moon and the sun pulling the earth gravitationally in the same direction.

(ii) As a result of the moon and the sun pulling the earth gravitationally in the opposite direction.

(iii) Indention in the coast line.

(iv) None of the above.

Ans: (ii) As a result of the moon and the sun pulling the earth gravitationally in the opposite direction.

Q.3. The distance between the earth and the moon is minimum when the moon is in- 

(i) Aphelion

(ii) Perigee

(iii) Perihelion

(iv) Apogee

Ans: (iii) Perihelion

Q.4. The earth reaches its perihelion in- 

(i) October

(ii) September

(iii) July

(iv) January

Ans: (iv) January

Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

Q.1. What are waves? 

Ans: The horizontal motions of oceans water are termed as waves. In this motions of water, the particles of water move in a vertical plane up and down. 

Q.2. Where do waves in the ocean get their energy from? 

Ans: Actually, the waves get their energy from the wind i.e. prevailing wind.

Q.3. What are tides? 

Ans: The periodical rise and fall of the sea level, one or twice a day, Which are caused due to the attraction of the sun and the moon, is called a tide.

Q.4. How are tides caused? 

Ans: Due to the gravitational attraction of the sun and the moon on the ocean water, the tides are developed.

Q.5. How are tides related to navigation? 

Ans: Tides helps the navigations in different ways. Tidal heights are very important, especially harbors near rivers and within estuaries having shallow”bars” at the entrance, which prevent ships and boats from entering into the harbor.

Answer the following questions in about 150 words. 

Q.1. How do currents affect the temperature? How does it affect the temperature of coastal areas in the N.W. Europe?

Ans: Ocean currents affect the temperature directly of their neighboring areas. The warm currents raise and the cold currents lower the temperature. The winds blowing over the cold current carry low temperature and have cooling effects, on the other hand wind blowing over warm currents have a warning effect and raise the low temperature.

West coasts of the continents in tropical and subtropical latitudes are bordered by cool waters. In case of the areas of the N.W. Europe in the presence of Warm  Gulf Stream, the areas of the cause distinct marine climate. Moreover, the areas are characterized by cool summers and relatively mild winters with a marrow annual range of temperatures. The North Atlantic Drift warms up the areas of high latitude during the winter season i.e. the temperature remains moderate in the coastal areas of the N.W. Europe.

Chapter 1Geography As A Discipline
Chapter 2The Origin and Evolution of the Earth
Chapter 3Interior of the Earth
Chapter 4Distribution of Oceans And Continents
Chapter 5Minerals and Rocks
Chapter 6Geomorphic Processes
Chapter 7Landforms and Their Evolution
Chapter 8Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
Chapter 9Solar Radiation, Heat balance, and Temperature
Chapter 10Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
Chapter 11Water in the Atmosphere
Chapter 12World Climate and Climate Change
Chapter 13Water (Oceans)
Chapter 14Movements of Ocean Water
Chapter 15Life on the Earth
Chapter 16Biodiversity And Conservation
Chapter 17Indian Location
Chapter 18Structure and Physiography
Chapter 19Drainage System
Chapter 20Climate
Chapter 21Natural Vegetation
Chapter 22Soils
Chapter 23Natural Hazards and Disasters

Q.2. What are the causes of currents?

Ans: These are various causes responsible for the ocean currents. But the following causes are regarded as major causes of currents: 

(a) Heating by solar energy:  It expands the ocean water. Due to more solar radiation near the equator the ocean water is about 8 cm higher in level than the middle latitudes. This causes a slight gradient and water tends to flow down the slope.

(b) Winds: Winds are also another major cause of current. Wind blowing on the surface of the ocean pushes the water to move. Friction between the wind and the water body in its course made ocean currents.

(c) Gravity: Gravity tends to pull the water down the pile and create gradient variation. 

(d) Coriolis force: The Coriolis force intervenes and causes the water to move to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere.

(e) Variation in salinity: Salinity of ocean water varies from place to place. Water of high salinity is denser and heavier and the waters of low salinity are lighter. So, Waters tends to move from low salinity areas to high salinity areas.

(f) Configuration of coasts: Sometimes configuration of coasts also diverts the ocean currents.

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