NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management

NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Notes Paper 258.

NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Logistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 19 Transportation Management, NIOS Secondary Course Logistics & Supply Chain Management Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Transportation Management

Chapter: 19

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.1

1. __________ is simply defined as the movement of goods from one place to another.

Ans: Transportation.

2. Transportation is divided into __________.

(A) 2.

(B) 3.

(C) 4.

(D) None of the above.

Ans: (B) 3.

3. Terminals may be used for interchanging cargo only.

(A) True.

(B) False.

Ans: (B) False.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.2

1. Road transportation is the common mode of transportation which is practised all over the world.

(A) True.

(B) False.

Ans: (A) True.

2. __________ is also called a three wheeled car?

Ans: Tempo.

3. On which road, pedestrians are not allowed?

(A) Highway.

(B) Express way.

(C) Street road.

(D) None of the above.

Ans: (B) Express way.

4. __________ is a black viscous and adhesive material that occurs during the distillation of petrol.

Ans: Bituminous. 

5. The average life of bituminous roads in 40 years.

(A) True.

(B) False.

Ans: (B) False.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.3

1. In initial stages, trains are operated by coal and steam engines.

(A) True.

(B) False.

Ans: (A) True.

2. Metro trains are also called __________.

Ans: Subway trains.

3. __________ trains carry out for a small distance inside big cities with less train compartments.

(A) Freight Trains.

(B) Passenger Trains.

(C) Regional Train.

(D) Metro Train.

Ans: (C) Regional Train.

4. Train wagons which are also called as __________.

Ans: Freight Cars.

5. __________ wagon is used for the transportation of petroleum, oil, lubricants and LPG.

(A) Special Purpose Wagons.

(B) Tank Wagons.

(C) Covered Wagons.

(D) None of the above.

Ans: (B) Tank Wagons.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.4

1. Expand AAI.

Ans: Airports Authority of India.

2. India has 24 International Airports.

(A) Yes.

(B) No.

Ans: (A) Yes.

3. How many Customs Airports India manages?

(A) 8

(B) 9

(C) 10

(D) 11

Ans: (C) 10

4. Civil enclave is a military airport but also handles commercial planes.

(A) True.

(b) False.

Ans: (A) True.

5. __________ Airport is the largest International airport constructed in 5495 acres.

Ans: Indira Gandhi International Airport.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.5

1. __________ are mostly built to link up two navigable Seas or Oceans.

Ans: Canals.

2. The most common type of container used across, which comes in the size of 10ft, 20ft, 40ft.

(A) Flat rack container.

(B) Open top container.

(C) Dry Storage container.

(D) None of the above.

Ans: (C) Dry Storage container.

3. Automobiles like cars and machinery are loaded _____ carriers.

Ans: RO-RO carrier. 

4. Agricultural commodities are loaded in One door open containers for air ventilation.

(A) Yes. 

(B) No.

Ans: (A) Yes. 

5. Today __________ percentage of world’s trade is done by water transport.

Ans: 95%.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.6

1. Transportation helps in social development

(A) Yes.

(B) No.

Ans: (A) Yes.

2. __________ is the movement of inward and outward transportation of goods.

Ans: “logistics.”

3. Logistics requires planning and other factors to move a product.

(A) Yes. 

(B) No.

Ans: Logistics.

INTEXT QUESTIONS 19.7

1. Expand GPS.

Ans: Global Positioning System.

2. Accidents are stopped by alerts given by sensors.

(A) True. 

(B) False.

Ans: (A) True. 

3. __________ started to make autonomous cars resulting in alternatives to human drivers.

Ans: Tesla.

TERMINAL EXERCISE

1. Explain about the different vehicles used in road transportation for delivery of goods.

Ans: The different vehicles used in road transportation for delivery of goods are: 

(i) Trucks:

(a) Semi-trailer trucks: Also known as articulated lorries or tractor-trailers, these consist of a powered truck tractor unit pulling one or more trailers. They’re widely used for long – distance freight transport.

(b) Box trucks: Enclosed trucks with a box-shaped cargo area, suitable for transporting palletized goods, furniture, appliances, and other items.

(c) Flatbed trucks: These trucks have a flat, open bed without sides, making them suitable for transporting oversized or irregularly shaped goods, construction materials, machinery, and vehicles.

(d) Refrigerated trucks: Equipped with refrigeration units, these trucks maintain specific temperature conditions for transporting perishable goods such as food and pharmaceuticals.

(e) Dump trucks: Designed for transporting loose materials such as sand, gravel, or construction debris. They have a hydraulic lift system for easy unloading.

(f) Tanker trucks: Used for transporting liquids or gases, such as petroleum products, chemicals, milk, and water. They have specialised tanks designed to safely contain and transport the specific substance.

(ii) Vans:

(a) Cargo vans: Smaller than trucks, these are suitable for local deliveries, courier services, and small-scale transport of goods.

(b) Refrigerated vans: Similar to cargo vans but equipped with refrigeration units for transporting perishable goods.

(c) Parcel vans: Designed for package delivery services, typically used by postal services and courier companies.

(iii) Specialized Vehicles:

(a) Haulage vehicles: Heavy-duty vehicles designed for transporting bulk goods, such as ore, coal, or aggregates.

(b) Car carriers: Specifically designed for transporting automobiles, either on open trailers or enclosed carriers.

(c) Livestock carriers: Equipped with partitions and ventilation systems for transporting livestock, such as cattle, pigs, or poultry.

(d) Specialty trucks: Customised vehicles designed for specific industries or purposes, such as furniture delivery trucks, moving vans, or mobile workshops.

2. Classify on different types of roads.

Ans: The different types of roads are classified based on the below classifications:

(i) Expressways: Expressways, as the name suggests it is that features two or more traffic lanes in each direction, with opposing traffic separated by a median strip it has controlled entries and exits and advanced designs eliminates steep grades, sharp curves, and other hazards and inconveniences to driving.Currently, the longest expressway in India is the Purvanchal Expressway at 340.8 km (211.8 mi) and the widest expressway is the Delhi–Meerut Expressway at 14 lanes.

(ii) Highways: Highways connect villages to cities or cities to cities or state to state or the roads connecting the state capital to the national capital are called highway Generally laid in two lanes, it can be extended up to 6 lanes and are classified as National highway, State highways,Urban Highways and Rural highways.

(iii) Street Roads: With permitted minimum speed, street roads have various functions, where local markets function, more pedestrians moving in and out, loading and unloading process are carried out, street roads are generally the busiest one in short distance.

(vi) Based on Materials Used: They are designed for low volume work operation, they are made by the soil available around the area. Soil is laid for two three layers and later compacted and used, which is the cheapest one.

(v) Gravel roads: It is the second cheapest road, which is better than earthen roads. In this, a mixture of soil and gravel is paved and compacted, also called as metal roads. Generally, these types of roads are built in villages.

(vi) Murram Roads: It is gravelly lateritic material which occurs during the disintegration of igneous rocks by weathering agencies. The road is laid by Murram, so it gets this name and provides greater finish life compared to earthen and gravel roads.

(vii) Bituminous Roads: Bituminous is a black viscous and adhesive material that occurs during the distillation of petrol. It provides greater finish than any of the types and provides smoothness for a longer period.

(viii) Concrete Roads: These roads are laid in cement concrete material and its costlier among all types of roads. These roads are recommended for high traffic places and take more time to construct. The average life of concrete roads is 40 years whereas the bituminous roads have an average life of 3 years.

3. What are the different types of rail wagons used for cargo transportation?

Ans: The different types of rail wagons used for cargo transportation are: 

(i) Metro Rail: It is the underground railway system in a city covering the range from 12 to 20 kms. It’s also called subway trains. The time taken to reach the destination is very quick with great comfort. It is a railway system that travels on a single metal track. Usually built where the space is less and used for shorter distance areas.

(ii) Passenger Train: This type of train carries only passengers and does not carry any goods of high volume. Carrying out large distance movement, it is the cheapest one in ways of cost and time saving.

(iii) Freight Trains: It carries only goods which include coal, containers, sand, rocks, grains and pulses. It’s The cheapest one with a large amount of goods carried from one place to another.

(iv) Regional Trains: Also called as local trains, are carried out for small distances inside big cities with less train compartments.

4. Differentiate between Inland Water Transportation & Ocean Transportation.

Ans: The between Inland Water Transportation & Ocean Transportation.

Inland Water Transport: 

The inland water transport is the system of transport through all navigable rivers, lakes and man-made canals. Barge and medium ships are used for this kind of transportation where there is adequate space for the big ships to enter and operate.

One of the main rivers where inland water transport is important is the Nile in Africa. Canals are mostly built to link up two navigable Seas or Oceans. Example: the Suez Canal which links the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea Nile river Suezcanal.

Ocean Water Transport: 

Ocean water transport carries people and cargo through ocean waterways from one country to another country at cheaper cost. This includes Passenger Liner which carries people and high valued goods, operates on scheduled routes, Cargo liner, which carries tons of goods, operates on a scheduled route, Oil tankers and refrigerated ships, which carries oil and perishable goods.Passenger LineTankers Reefer Ships.

5. Sketch out the different types of containers used in the shipping industry.

Ans: The different types of containers used in the shipping industry are: 

(i) Dry storage container: The most common type of container used across, which comes in the size of 10 ft ,20ft,40ft.

(ii) Flat rack container: With collapsible sides and the sides can be folded, it is used to load a wide variety of goods, automobiles and machineries.

(iii) Open top container: With the option of a convertible top, materials of any height can be easily loaded in this type of container.

(iv) Reefer containers: With the temperature regulation option, perishable goods such as fruits and vegetables are loaded in this type of container.

(v) Tanks: Made up of strong steel and anti-corrosive materials which provide long life and protection of materials, liquid materials are loaded in this type of container.

(vi) Car carriers: With a collapsible side, cars are loaded in this type of container for long distance travel without any damage.

(vii) One door Open container: Mainly agricultural products which include onions and chillies which need air ventilation are loaded in this type of container.

(viii) OOG – Out of gauge: This type of container is used where the cargo cannot fit into the containers. According to its dimensions and space holding in the ship, extra charge is collected from the shipper.

6. Mention the relationship between transportation & Logistics.

Ans: The relationship between transportation & Logistics are: 

(i) Transportation is the movement of goods and logistics is the movement of inward and outward transportation of goods from manufacturer to end user.

(ii) Logistics is obtaining, producing and distributing materials in the right quality to the end user whereas transportation is simply the movement from one place to another.

(iii) Logistics requires planning and other factors to move a product whereas transportation is executing the planning.

7. Make a note on new technologies used in transportation.

Ans: New technological inventions are popping up day by day in each and every sector. Here are the top five technologies in transportation that may rule the future. 

(i) The internet of Things: Assuming all the people are connected through vast network, it could potentially influence many aspects in our daily driving which includes route planning(GPS Global Positioning System – comes into action choosing the best route), accident prevention(sensors alerting the drivers to prevent collision) and safety(sensors that track driver’s physiological indicators and if failed in sensory tests, the vehicle becomes inoperable).

(ii) Autonomous Car: Tesla already started to make autonomous cars resulting in alternatives to human drivers, less fuel consumption and less gas consumption.

(iii) Hyperloop: By using Hyperloop, you can travel to long distances in no time resulting in advantage in various factors.

(iv) Drone Delivery: Amazon is already making delivery by drones for shorter distances, which will definitely rule the future world.

(v) Light weight vehicles: By reducing the weight by 10% will improve the fuel efficiency by 6%, one of the future ways to reduce the fuel is by the automobile sector working out the best possible way to make it happen.

8. Give a brief description of challenges in the operation of transportation towards proper functioning of logistic and supply chain management.

Ans: The challenges in the operation of transportation towards proper functioning of logistic and supply chain management are giving below: 

(i) Increasing transportation costs.

(ii) Inconsistencies in tracking. 

(iii) Limited visibility of shipments.

(iv) Fragmented communication. 

(v) Empty miles.

(vi) Delivery delays. 

(vii) Extended Warehouse Management (EWM) .

(viii) Transportation Management (TM). 

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