NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities

NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Folk Art Notes Paper 244.

NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Folk Art Chapter 7 Possibilities and Opportunities, NIOS Secondary Course Folk Art Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Possibilities and Opportunities

Chapter: 7


1. Name the site of the artists’ village of Odisha.

Ans: A small village, Raghurajpur, near Puri town of Odisha.

2. What are the main products of Raghurajpur?

Ans: Kala gram produces Talpatrachitra, masks, wooden toys and objects of interior decorations.

3. What are the main themes of these artworks?

Ans: Major artworks related to Lord Jagannath, Balram’s image and paintings. Cloth and earthen pots.


Tick the Appropriate Answer:

1. Name any one name of the countries where all these actions had happened.

(i) France.

(ii) China.

(iii) Korea. 

(iv) UK.

Ans: (i) France.

2. Name the important craft fairs of India.

(i) Big Mela.

(ii) Surajkund Mela.

(iii) Occasional Mela.

(iv) None of the them.

Ans: (ii) Surajkund Mela.


1. What is the main centre of folk art in Kolkata?

Ans: Kalibari is situated in Kolkata, the main centre of folk art.

2. In what terms these artists are known?

Ans: These artists are called ‘Patua’. 

3. Name the God and Goddess painted by Patua artists.

Ans: They make images of Durga, Kali, Saraswati etc.

4. Write any two materials used by the painters of Kalighat.

Ans: Two materials used by the painters of Kalighat are mentionable below:

(i) Watercolours: Watercolour paints were commonly used by Kalighat artists due to their vibrant colours and fluidity. These paints allowed the artists to create bold, expressive strokes and rich colour contrasts in their paintings.

(ii) Handmade Paper: Kalighat paintings were typically executed on handmade paper, which provided a textured surface for the watercolours to adhere to. The use of handmade paper also contributed to the rustic and traditional feel of the artworks.


1. What are the possibilities for the learner of folk art as a private entrepreneur?

Ans: They can provide service to the National and International fields of art and craft.

2. What are the opportunities for the learner of folk art in foreign exports?

Ans: They can work as the middle man between foreign importers and local artists.

3. Name the city of India which is the main centre exporting handicrafts?

Ans: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhuvaneshwar, Ahmedabad, Surat, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Lucknow, Moradabad, Saharanpur, Firozabad, Agra, Srinagar, Hyderabad and Chennai.

4. When was this site of folk art established?

Ans: It was started in 1994.


1. State the site of Surajkund Mela and the name of the state and city.

Ans: Surajkund Mela is held in Faridabad of Haryana state.

2. How many items in a year this Mela is held?

Ans: Once.

3. Which year, for the first time, this Mela was held?

Ans: 1987.


1. How did Indian folk art get recognition in the international market?

Ans: Indian folk art and handicrafts have been making a place in the international arena for the last few decades after 1980. Demand for Indian Handicrafts has increased in the global market. At the same time, their abilities to produce good artwork for supply are recognised. The “Bharat Mahotsav”, organised by the Government of India, played a significant role in popularising Indian folk art and handicrafts. This festival was held in Russia, USA, France, Germany and Japan. Many Indian folk artists showed their works and became famous. This festival helped folk art get recognition worldwide and opened new markets for Indian artists. India could earn foreign currency. Folk art and handicrafts became a new avenue of earning for the rural people.

2. Name some of the important craft festivals of India.

Ans: Some of the important craft festivals of India are: 

(i) Surajkund Craft Mela is the major art fair in India. Hundreds of artisans come here from different parts of India, and lakhs of people buy their products. This annual fair is held in Surajkund of Haryana state. The artwork and artists are also available in the SAARC countries. Surajkund Mela was held for the first time at Faridabad in 1987. The painters, sculptors, weavers and artists came to show their work. Each state has its separate stalls to exhibit artefacts where the artists and craftsmen explain and demonstrate their skills. The Mela remains open for 17 days, and an award is given to the best stall. Different kinds of cultural programmes are also performed. Surajkund Mela is an avenue for skilled and unskilled artisans to show how they have brought unity despite the diversity in Indian culture and art. 

(ii) Kala Ghoda Arts Festival: Held in Mumbai, this festival celebrates various forms of art, including traditional crafts. It features exhibitions, workshops, and demonstrations by artisans from different parts of India.

(iii) Ladakh Festival: Celebrated in Ladakh, this festival showcases the rich cultural heritage of the region, including traditional crafts such as thangka painting, wood carving, and pottery.

3. Name the cities with Hat (market) to promote the business of handicrafts.

Ans: Delhi Haat was established to encourage the development of folk art in Delhi Haat means market. The artists and craftsmen come here to show and sell their work in the permanent shops. There are some temporary shops too. The exhibits keep on hanging after every 15 days. Sometimes exhibitions of tribal art and sometimes those of folk art are organised. The ‘Delhi Haat’ was founded by Delhi Tourist and Transportation Development Corporation.

One feels to be in a village after entering Delhi Haat. The exhibits from small villages of states in the centre of a city are enough to attract the visitors. The Haat s designed so that any art loving visitor, either foreigner, or local can enjoy the ambience of the village. Nobody, either foreigner or Indian, should ever miss the opportunity to visit this place at least once. A variety of food from different states is also available alongside the exhibit. The folk artists also demonstrate their skill.

(i) Shantiniketan: Shantiniketan, located in West Bengal, is famous for its Visva-Bharati University and its vibrant handicrafts market, known as “Sonajhuri Haat.” It showcases the traditional crafts of the region, including metalwork, Kantha embroidery, and terracotta pottery.

(ii) Saras Mela, Kolkata: Organised by the Government of West Bengal, Saras Mela is held annually in Kolkata and showcases handicrafts from various districts of West Bengal. It provides a platform for artisans to sell their products directly to consumers.

4. Which is the main export centre of Indian Handicrafts?

Ans: Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat are The biggest Handicrafts of India exports.

5. Which are the departments of the central and state Government responsible or the development of Indian Handicrafts?

Ans: Central Government: The central government formulates policies, programs, and schemes for the promotion and development of handicrafts at the national level. It often provides financial assistance, technical support, and infrastructure development for handicrafts through various ministries and departments such as the Ministry of Textiles, Ministry of MSME (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, etc. Additionally, bodies like the Development Commissioner for Handlooms and the Development Commissioner for Handicrafts work under the central government to implement policies and schemes for the welfare of artisans and the growth of the handicraft sector.

State Government: State governments also have a significant role to play, especially in the implementation of centrally sponsored schemes and in providing support at the grassroots level. They often have their own departments for handicrafts and handlooms, which work towards the preservation, promotion, and development of local crafts and artisans. State governments may offer incentives, subsidies, skill development programs, and marketing assistance to artisans within their jurisdictions. They also participate in organising handicraft fairs, exhibitions, and events to showcase the rich cultural heritage of their respective states.

6. What are the possibilities to earn a living from folk art for the learners?

Ans: Become an entrepreneur in the folk arts. There are many music artists who hardly get any chance to showcase their abilities. Being an entrepreneur, you can benefit the artisans and the buyers as well. You can as well set up an agency that deals in the resale of sculptures, paintings, etc.

(i) exhibit artworks created on their own.

(ii) Make new art forms by mixing folk and tribal styles.

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