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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 26 Ustad Bismillah Khan
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Ustad Bismillah Khan
Chapter – 26
BOOK – II
26.2 LET US UNDERSTAND THE TEXT
26.2.1 PART – 1
Ustad Bismillah Khan was undoubtedly ……… a devotes of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom and arts.
If you ask a few people to say the first word that comes to their mind after hearing the name Bismillah Khan’, I’m sure most of them will say ‘shehnai’. Bismillah Khan’s name is so deeply associated with ‘shehnai’ that if you think of one, the other automatically comes to mind. In fact, the name Bismillah Khan and the word ‘shehnai’ are almost like synonyms.
Ustad Bismillah Khan was an outstanding shehnai player, and for his contribution to Indian music, he received several awards.
Bismillah Khan was born in a small village in Bihar His father was a shehnai player. When he was six, Bismillah Khan moved to Varanasi. He started learning to play the shehnai from his maternal uncle, Ali Baksh. He had talent and was a keen learner. But for talent to shine, one has to work hard. Bismillah Khan worked very, very hard. He practised till he attained perfection. He was inspired by the flowing waters of the River Ganga.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.1
Answer the following questions:
1. Tick ( ✔ ) the correct option.
(a) Ustad Bismillah Khan was born in:
Ans. (iv) Dumraon.
(b) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s father’s name was:
(i) Paigambar Khan.
(ii) Ali Baksh.
(iiii) Rasool Baksh Khan.
(iv) Sajid Khan.
Ans. (i) Paigambar Khan.
(c) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s maternal uncle’s name was:
(i) Paigambar Khan.
(iv) Ali Baksh.
Ams. (iv) Ali Baksh.
(d) Bismillah Khan moved to Varanasi at the age of:
Ans. (ii) 6.
(e) Which musical instrument did Ustad Bismillah Khan play?
Ams. (iii) Shehnai.
2. Read the statements given below. Write T for the true statements and F for the false ones. Also, correct the incorrect statements and rewrite them in the space provided.
(a) Ustad Bismillah Khan received the Bharat Ratna in 2001.
(b) Ustad Bismillah Khan was the third son of Paigambar Khan and Mitthan. Ustad Bismillah Khan was the second son of Paigambar Khan and Mitthan.
(c) Ustad Bismillah Khan often played the shehnai at the Vishwanath Temple located in Varanasi.
(d) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s father was a soldier in the army of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon.
(e) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s father was a musician in the Court of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon.
(f) Ustad Bismillah Khan was a devotee of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom and arts.
Q.3. What was Bismillah Khan named earlier? Why was his name changed?
Ans. Bismillah Khan was earlier named Qamaruddin. When his grandfather Rasool Baksh Khan saw him as a body, he uttered the word ‘Bismillah’ and he came to be known as Bismillah Khan.
Q.4. Who was Ali Baksh ‘Vilayatu”? What role did he play?
Ans. Ali Baksh ‘Vilatatu’ was Bismillah Khan’s maternal uncle. He was the official shehnai player at famous Vishwanath Temple.
Ali Baksh noticed Bismillah Khan’s interest in the shehnai. He started teaching him Bismillah Khan accompanied his uncle to the Vishwanath Temple. Ali Baksh was the official shehnai player and temple rooms at Balaji Ghats. Ali Baksh played the role of mentor and guide to Bismillah Khan.
Q.5. What role did flowing waters of River Ganage play?
Ans. The flowing water of the River Ganga inspired Bismillah Khan to invent ragas which could not be played on shehnai.
Q.6. Which were to four civilian awards given to Bismillah Khan?
Ans. The top-four civilian awards that Bismillah Khan were-Bharat Ratna, Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibushan.
Q.7. Have you heard the adage: ‘Practice makes a man perfect”? Does it hold true for Bismillah Khan? Do you think one can achieve success in life without working hard? Justify your answer giving an example from your life.
Ans. It holds true ‘practice makes a man perfect’ This is true for Bismillah Khan Ustad Bismillah Khan practised shehnai. He started playing shehnai till he became perfect. He was a young boy till he practised the shehnai.
Success can be achieved only through hard work. Hard work is the key to success. Bismillah Khan worked hard to play shehnai. If any student worked hard, he would do well in exams.
LET US TALK 26.1
Do you know anyone in your neighbourhood who plays a musical instrument?
Approach that person and greet him/her politely.
Request him/her to spare some time for you and ask the following questions:
(1) At what age did you start learning to play this instrument?
Ans. I started learning to play guitar at age of six.
(2) Why did you select this particular musical instrument?
Ans. I always found guitar inspiring.
(3) How much practice do you put in every day/every week?
Ans. I practice for two hours daily.
(4) How many performances have you given and where?
Ans. I have given performance in many Malls.
(5) Do you teach? If yes, for how long have you been teaching?
Ans. No, I do not teach.
(6) The shehnai maestro Bismillah Khan said, “Music has no caste.” Do you agree? If yes, please express your views.
Thank the person you interviewed.
Ans. Yes, I agree that music has no caste. It is equal to all. Music can be enjoyed by each.
LET US DO 26.2
(a) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s life was devoted to music. To truly understand this great man, listen to his music on a cassette or a CD.
(b) Find pictures of Indian musical instruments in old magazines or newspapers (at least ten). Paste them in a scrap book. Below each picture, write its name.
Ans. Class Activity.
26.2.2 PART – 2
Ustad Bismillah Khan ………….. salute from the Indian Army.
Did you know that it was through Bismillah Khan’s efforts that the shehnai was recognised as a classical music instrument?
We all have some quality or the other Bismillah Khan had many. This portion of Bismillah Khan’s biographical sketch mentions some of those qualities. It also highlights his love for his city and country.
We know that there are many ways to spread peace. Bismillah Khan tried to spread peace and brotherhood through his music. He firmly believed in Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1947, when India became independent, Bismillah Khan was invited to play the shehnai at the Red Fort. What an honour! And do you know how old he was that time? Bismillah Khan was only 31!
Bismillah Khan performed not just in India but also in many countries around the world. After all, music has no boundaries. He had a special relationship with his shehnai, and when he died in 2006, it was buried with him.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.2
Answer the following questions:
1. Tick (✔) the correct option.
(a) Ustad Bismillah Khan’s favourite mode of transport was:
(iii) cycle rickshaw.
Ans. (iii) cycle rickshaw.
(b) On the eve of India’s Independence in 1947, Ustad Bismillah Khan performed at the:
(i) Qutub Minar.
(ii) Taj Mahal.
(iii) Gateway of India.
(iv) Red Fort.
Ans. (iv) Red Fort.
(c) He was buried under a _______ tree.
Ans. (ii) neem.
2. Select words from the box and fill in the blanks to complete the paragraph.
caste, perished, brotherhood, survive, Hindu-Muslim.
Ustad Bismillah Khan always believed that music would (a) ________. even if the world (b) _______. He also believed in (c) ________ unity and spread the message of (d) _______ through his music. He often said. “Music has no (e) _______.”
Ans. (a) Survive.
Q.3. After which concert did the shehnai come into the limelight and find appreciation among music lovers?
Ans. Ustad Bismillah Khan’s concert at the All India Music Conference in Calcutta brought the shehnai into the limelight. This was greatly appreciated among music lovers.
Q.4. How can we say that Bismillah Khan had a special bond with his shehnai?
Ans. Bismillah Khan had a special bond as it was constant companion. He called shehnai his begum after his wife died. When Ustad Bismillah Khan died his shehnai was buried with him.
Q.5. Bismillah Khan was a simple man but had strong beliefs. What did he believe in?
Ans. He believed that music would survive if the world came to end Ustad Bismillah Khan believed in Hindi-Muslim Unity. He said that music had no caste
Q.6. Where was Bismilah Khan buried? How was he honoured at the time of his death?
Ans. Bismillah Khan was buried in Varanasi under a neem tree. In his honour, the Government of India declared a one-day national mourning. He was given a 21 gun salute by the Indian Army while being buried.
Q.7. From Japan to Europe to USA, Ustad Bismillah Khan played in many countries of the world. Why do you think his music was enjoyed by people in different countries?
Ans. Ustad Bismillah Khan played the shehnai really well. He was liked in the world all over. Music crosses all boundaries of different states or countries. For example Rabindra Sangeet from West India Carnatic music from South India. In the same way western music is popular all over the world.
LET US LEARN NEW WORDS 26.1
Select words from the passage that are the opposites of the given words. Write them in the space provided.
(a) dishonour – honour
(b) temporary – permanent
(c) proud – humble
(d) never – always
(e) before – after
Fill in the blanks with the given words:
1. Raja’s parents are very _______ of him because he has successfully completed the Secondary Certificate Course from NIOS.
2. Wash your hands _______ you eat your food.
3. We should be careful not to bring _______ to the family.
4. Keep trying, ________ give up.
5. Till my results are announced, I have taken up a ________ job as a writer in a hotel.
Q.1. Change the following sentences into their negative form:
(a) Radha goes for a walk every evening.
Ans. Radha does not go for a walk every evening.
(b) I brush my teeth twice a day.
Ans. I do not brush my teeth twice a day.
(c) The train leaves at 7 pm.
Ans. The train does not leave at 7 pm.
(d) Raju sings when he is taking a bath.
Ans. Raju does not sing when he is taking a bath.
(e) Afzal goes to the library to study.
Ans. Afzal does not go to the library to study.
Q.2. Change the following sentences into the affirmative form:
(a) I do not like sugar in my tea.
Ans. I like sugar in my tea.
(b) My sister does not play the harmonium.
Ans. My sister plays the harmonium.
(c) Mona does not eat guavas.
Ans. Mona eats guavas.
(d) This shop does not sell musical instruments.
Ans. This shop sells musical instruments.
(e) Amit does not study every day.
Ans. Amit studies every day
1. Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition from those given in brackets.
(a) The train arrived _______ time. (after, on, at)
Ans. The train arrived on time.
(b) There is a bridge _______ Hooghly River. (below, over, in)
Ans. There is a bridge over Hooghly River.
(c) Indian classical music is always set _______ a raga. (in, of, by)
Ans. Indian classical music is always set in a rega.
(d) In India, all children between the ages of 6 and 14 have a Right _______ Education. (for, to, in)
Ans. In India, all children between the ages of 6 and 14 have a Right to Education.
(e) Abhigyan Shakuntalam was written _______ Kalidasa. (from, by, after)
Ans. Abhigyan Shakuntalam was written by Kalidasa.
2. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
(a) Smoking is injurious _______ health.
Ans. Smoking is injurious to health.
(b) Akash took the book ________ the shelf and put it ______ his bag.
Ans. Akash took the book from the shelf and put it in his bag.
(c) Gopal has eaten nothing _______ yesterday.
Ans. Gopal has eaten nothing since yesterday.
(d) Always keep _______ the left on a road.
Ans. Always keep to the left on a road.
(e) She waited ______ the bus stop ______ half an hour.
Ans. She waited at the bus stop for half an hour.
1. Fill in the correct word from the bracket to form phrasal verbs.
(a) What will your mother say when she finds _____? (over, in, out)
Ans. What will your mother say when she finds out?
(b) Radha got _____ the bus at the traffic light. (on, of, off)
Ans. Radha got off the bus at the traffic light.
(c) Ashish put _____ a lot of hard work and come first on class. (on, after, in)
Ans. Ashish put in a lot of hard work and come first on class.
(d) Look _____ a dictionary to find the meaning of the word. (from, at, up)
Ans. Look up a dictionary to find the meaning of the word.
(e) If Rakesh doesn’t get the job, he can always fall _____ on his family business. (down, back, to)
Ans. If Rakesh doesn’t get the job, he can always fall back on his family business.
2. Read the sentences aloud. Now, underline the phrasal verbs.
(a) They tortured the spy to give away all the secrets.
Ans. They tortured the spy to give away all the secrets.
(b) Do you get along with your parents?
Ans. Do you get along with your parents?
(c) Anurag is saving up to buy a new car.
Ans. Anurag is saving up to buy a new car.
(d) Do you think the petrol prices will come down?
Ans. Do you think the petrol prices will come down?
(e) He put across his point very strongly at the meeting.
Ans. He put across his point very strongly at the meeting
(f) I am looking forward to life after retirement.
Ans. I am looking forward to life after retirement.
(g) I came across a very interesting book and bought it immediately.
Ans. I came across a very interesting book and bought it immediately.
(h) Winter has set in early this year.
Ans. Winter has set in early this year.
(i) Fasten your seat belts. The plane is about to take off.
Ans. Fasten your seat belts. The plane is about to take off.
(j) The thieves broke out of the prison.
Ans. The thieves broke out of the prison.
Exercise – 1
- In the last paragraph, write about the overall impression/impact of the programme.
You may choose to add depth and detail to your report by adding the response of a few members from the audience.
Ans. JASHN-E-SANGEET CELEBRATIONS By H.T. Correspondent
Indian Music Society organised cultural programme at Kamani Auditorium, Copernius marg, New Delhi. Theme of the festival was to bring classical music on stage. The programme was organised by Indian Music Society. The programme was to be held on 24 August and 25 August. On 24 August performances were given by Malashri Prasad (light classical) and Shubhendra Rao on 25 August performances included Hindustan Vocals and Sarangi. The programmes were really eye-opener. The audience were spell bound. The overall programme was very impressive.
Many members of the audience made a videos of the entire programme.
Exercise – 2
Read the headlines given below. Write the opening paragraph for a newspaper report for each of them.
(a) Police arrests two burglars in Model Town.
Ans. Police Arrests Two Burglars in Model Town
By: Times of India Correspondent
In brood daylight two burglars broke in the house of a businessman. Mr Ashok Singhle, the owner of the house was away on his business-trip. This other family members had gone for a wedding. The guard of the house noticed something suspicious and alarm was raised.
(b) Spaceship spotted in Dehradun.
Ans. Space ship spotted in Dehradun By H.T. correspondent.
The valley of Dehradun is in news for some extra-terrestrial creatures were seen. The spaceship was bright red with small dwarf like people in it. The spaceship was designed like a rocket with all computer driven devices.
Q.1. Who was Bismillah Khan? Why was he famous?
Ans. Bismillah Khan was India’s finest classical musicians. He got mastery over the shehnai. He became famous all over the world. He was often called shehnai maestro. He also got the Bharat Ratna.
Q.2. “Such was his love for his city and motherland that he declined an offer of permanent citizenship for settling in the United States of America.”
Read this line carefully and answer the following questions:
(a) Which city is being referred to here?
Ans. The city of Varanasi is being referred to here.
(b) Look up a dictionary and find the meaning of the word ‘motherland’
Ans. Motherland: A person’s native country.
(c) Bismillah Khan loved the city he lived in. What do you like most about your city! town/village? (write down at least three points).
Ans. I have my city because
(i) It is green and clean.
(ii) There are a lot of recreation places.
(iii) We can find people of all status.
Q.3. What did Bismillah Khan mean when he said, “Music has no caste”?
Ans. He meant that no caste, creed or religion can stop music. Music is enjoyed by all. For example, Sufi music and Bhakti Sangeet is sung and enjoyed by all.
Q.4. What qualities did Bismillah Khan have? Which two qualities do you appreciate the most and why?
Ans. Bismillah Khan had money qualities. He was hardworking, innovative and dedicated to his work. He brought shehnai to limelight. He got national and international recognition He was humble. He never wanted to gather money. He even refused citizenship of America.
So we can say that being simple and hard working got his success.
PASSAGE FOR COMPREHENSION
PASSAGE – 1
Ustad Bismillah Khan was undoubtedly a gem that India is proud of. This shehnai maestro of India received the Bharat Ratna in 2001. He had earlier been awarded the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan. He was thus the recipient of all the top four civilian awards.
1. Name the lesson.
Ans. Name of the lesson is Ustad Bismillah Khan.
2. Why is India proud of Bismillah Khan?
Ans. India is proud of him because he kept classical music live.
3. Which award did he received in 2001?
Ans. He received Bharat Ratna in 2001.
4. Find word from the passage which means ‘relating to person not belonging to armed forces’.
PASSAGE – 2
Bismillah Khan was named Qamaruddin to sound like his elder brother’s name Shamsuddin. However, when his grandfather Rasool Baksh Khan saw him as a baby, he uttered the word ‘Bismillah’, and hence he came to be known as Bismillah Khan. His father was a musician in the court of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon.
1. Name Bismillah Khan’s brother’s Name.
Ans. Bismillah Khan’s brother’s name was Shamsuddin.
2. Who named Bismillah Khan?
Ans. Rasool Baksh Khan named Bismillah Khan.
3. Give his father’s name.
Ans. His father was Paigamber Khan.
4. Find word which means “To speak’.
Ans. To speak – uttered
PASSAGE – 3
Ali Baksh noticed that Bismillah was a keen music learner, so he took him under his tutelage. Thus, Bismillah Khan started learning to play the shehnai from his uncle. Ali Baksh played shehnai at the Vishwanath Temple and practised in one of the temple rooms at Balaji Ghat. Bismillah Khan’s routine was to follow his uncle the whole day to both the temples, and practise for hours together – without any play time, school and sometimes even regular meals.
1. What did Ali Baksh notice?
Ans. Ali Baksh noticed that Bismillah Khan was a keen music lover.
2. Which routine did Bismillah Khan follows?
Ans. Bismillah Khan followed his uncle the whole day and practised for hours.
3. Where did Ali Baksh play shehnai?
Ans. Ali Baksh played shehnai at Vishwanath Temple.
4. Find word from the passage which means ‘guidance religiously’.
Ans. Guidance religiously – Tutelage
PASSAGE – 4
Bismillah Khan religiously practised the shehnai and attained perfection in a very short time. The flowing waters of the River Ganga inspired him to improvise and invent ‘ragas’ that were earlier considered to be beyond the range of shehnai. He often played the shehnai at the Vishwanath Temple on the banks of River Ganga. He was also a devotee of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom and arts.
1. How did Bismillah Khan attain perfection?
Ans. Bismillah Khan attained perfection by practising shehnai.
2. What inspiration did he get from flowing water of the River Ganga?
Ans. Flowing waters inspired him to invent ragas.
3. What is Saraswati a symbol of?
Ans. Saraswati is a symbol of wisdom and arts.
4. Find the word from the extract which means-‘create’ and perform without preparation.
Ans. ‘Create and perform without preparation – improvise’.