Class 12 English Chapter 2 Lost Spring The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board Class 12 English Chapter 2 Lost Spring and select needs one.
Class 12 English Chapter 2 Lost Spring
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Lesson – 2
Question & Answers
Q.1. What is saheb looking for in the garbage dumps? Where is he and where has he come from ?
Ans : Saheb is looking for gold in the garbage dumps. He is now in seemapuri. He has come from Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Q.2. What explanation does the writer offer for the children not wearing footwear ?
Ans : According to the writer, some say that children do not wear shoes or chappal for the sake of tradition. But the writer can’t see eye with them and observes that it is only a way to explain away the perpetual state of poverty and hunger.
Q.3. Is saheb happy working at the tea stall ? Explain.
Ans : Saheb is not happy at all, working at the tea stall. He is carrying a steel canister which seems much heavier than his plastic bags in which he carried together rags. He has lost the care-free look of his face. He is now no more his own master.
Q.4. What makes the city of Firozabad famous ?
Ans : Firozabad is the center of glass blowing industries of India. It is the largest producer of bangles. From generation to generation the people of Firozabad have been making bangles for the Indian women.
Q.5. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industries.
Ans : The glass bangles industry of Firozabad is the working place for about 20,000 children. They are made to work there illegally. They have to work in dingy cells without windows. They live in the stinking lanes full of garbages. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light. They become blind before they are adults. Most of them go blind with the dust from polishing the glass bangles.
Moreover, there are middlemen, police men and politicians who exploit them and never allow them to organise.
Q.6. How is Mukesh’s attitude to his situation different from that of his family ?
Ans : The people of Firozabad can’t think of anything except bangle making. They consider it as a God-made lineage which they should not break. They are born in the bangle makers caste. So, Bangle making is their tradition. Mukesh’s father knows nothing except his sons making bangles and he taught what he knows. He didnot care to send his two sons to school.
Mukesh is, however, different from the rest. He wants to be a motormechanic. To be so, he has the required determination. He wants to drive cars, Of course, he can never dream of flying aeroplanes that seldom fly over Firozabad.
Understanding the test
Q.1. What could be some of the reasons for the migration of people from villages to cities ?
Ans : There are many reasons why people are migrating from villages to cities. The problem of land, due to the increase of population has made many to go to the cities. The use of scientific method of farming has lessened the scope for the landless labourers. The destruction of traditional arts and handicrafts also has worsened the economic condition of the village people. So, they have to go to the cities.
Q.2. Would you agree that promise made to poor children are rarely kept? Why do you think this happens in the incidents narrated in the text ?
Ans : Yes, the promises made to the poor are rarely kept. We organise seminars to eradicate child labour. But we live in hypocritical world where the more hazardous the industry is the more child workers. it will employ. In the fire works industry of sivakashi in Tamilnadu scores of children die because of the blast in the factories. The law is dumb and the administration is blind in this regard.
The storyteller Anees Jung has described the hard realities of life in her story. About 10,000 children are ragpickers in seemapur. About 20,000 children are engaged in the glassblowing industry of Firozabad. Their lives are miserable.
Q.3. What forces conspire to keep the workers in the bangle industry of Friozabad in poverty ?
Ans : There are many forces that conspire to keep the workers in poverty. They are not allowed to from any organization. The middle men exploit them. The police men harass them. The money lenders suck their blood. The administration is also dumb to speak against such injustice. Law is only used like a toy by the rich.
Talking about the text
Q.1. How, in your opinion, can Mukesh realise his dream ?
Ans : Mukesh wants to be the master of his own. Fortune favours the brave and so Mukesh should not lose heart. He should try to find out a work of an apprentice in some garage. He can also learn how to drive a car so that he can have a driving licence. Then he can be a driver.
Q.2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bangles industry.
Ans : Working in the glass bangles industry is hazardous. About 20,000 children work there by the hot furnaces. Law is unable to do anything for them. They have to work in some dingy cells without air and light. Their eyes are adjusted to the darkness more than the light. Mukesh’s grandfather went blind with the dust of polished glass. The hard and perpetual work makes their mind numb and destroys their ability to dream. In the small huntments, all work together, shaping the pieces of coloured glass into circles of bangles.
Q.3. Why should child labour be eliminated and how ?
Ans : It is a matter of great shame, that India has the maximum number of child workers in the world. It is a stigma that has made India ashamed of. About 20,000 of then work in Friozabad. There are more than 10,000 of them in seemapur.
Childhood is the most tender age. A child needs love and care. It has some dreams which can change their life. But the hard reality destroys them before they realise them. Therefore child-lobour is banned by law.
But the law against child-labour is teethless. Those who employ a child must be punished. Only exemplary punishment can put an end to this hateful practice.
Supplementary Reader: Vistas
Thinking about language
Some features of the style of Anees Jung have made her story an almost poetical prose.
They are – (1) Hyperbole – When something is described exaggerately. Example – Garbage is to them gold.
(2) Metaphor – A metaphor transfer a quality of one thing to another. Ex=He is a lion in the battle.
(3) Simile : A way of showing similarly between two almost dissimilar things with like and as ex – As proud as peacock.
Now identify the figures of speech of the following.
1. Saheb – e- Alam which means the Lord of the universe is directly in contrast to what saheb is in reality.- Hyperbole.
2. Drowned in an air of desolation – Metaphor.
3. Seemapuri, a place on the periphery if Delhi yet miles away from it metaphorically – Contrast.
4. For the children it is wrapped in wonder for the elders it is a mean of survival – Contrast.
5. As her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I wonder if she knows the sanctity of the bangles she helps to make – Simile.
6. She still has bangles on her wrist, but not light in her eyes, – Contrast.
7. Few aeroplanes fly over Friozabad – Contrast.
8. Web of poverty – Metaphor.
9. Scrounging for gold – Hyperbole.
10. And survival in seemapuri means rag – picking. Through the years, it has acquired the proportions of a fine art. – Hyperbole.
11. The steel canister seems heavier than the plastic bag he would carry so lightly over his shoulders. – Contrast.
Things to do
What is paradox ? The beauty of the bangles covers the hard reality of the child labour. Can you find such examples more ?
Ans : Paradox means having contradictory ideas.
Contradiction of ideas or things is paradox It is said all that glitters is not gold – Like that way, when we get a finished items of any industry, we can’t imagine the stark reality of making such items. Thousand of children is made to work in the dangerous situation of the industry. As they have no means to earn their bread, the children work there in the most hazardous condition. They often get burnt by the fire. Many of them die in the blast that often takes place there.
But when we use the matches, we never try to find that behind the making of such beautiful boxes of match, there is hard soil of many children who should go to school but can never go for poverty. They beauty of the matches boxes, thus, laughs at the stigma of child labour in India.
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