Class 11 Swadesh Adhyayan Chapter 4 Economic Base of Assam, Class 12 Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list of AHSEC so that you can easily browse through different chapters and select needs one. Class 11 Swadesh Adhyayan Chapter 4 Economic Base of Assam Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.
Class 11 Swadesh Adhyayan Chapter 4 Economic Base of Assam Notes covers all the exercise questions in HS 1st Year Swadesh Adhyayan Textbooks Solutions. The Assam Board Class 11 Swadesh Adhyayan Chapter 4 Economic Base of Assam provided here ensures a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every chapter and score well in the board exams.
Economic Base of Assam
Chapter – 4
1 . (a) What do you mean by kharif crops?
Ans. Kharif crops are grown during April- May when rain starts and the same are harvested during November – December. The principal Kharif crops of Assam are sati and bae rice, jute sugarcane etc.
(b) What do you mean by rabi crops?
Ans. Rabi crops are grown during during the early part of winter season i.e during October- November and are harvested during the later part of spring season, i e during April in June. The major rabi crops are also and Bodo rice, mustard , pulses, tobacco, wheat, maize and various kinds of vegetables and fruits.
(c) What are medicinal plant?
Ans. Medicinal plants are the richest resource bio resources that possess therapeutic properties are exert beneficial pharmacological effect on the human or animal body. They include various type of plane used in herbalism, drugs of traditional system of medicine, modern medicine etc.
(d) 80% of people in Assam are dependent on agriculture.
Ans. Agriculture is the dominant land use category in the state. It account for about for about 54.11 per cent of the total geographical area of the state. Including persons dependent on plantation, more than 80% of the total population of Assam is dependent on agriculture.
2. (a) Where is Jhum cultivation practised in Assam. How is it carried out?
Ans. Jhum cultivation is practised in the three hilly district of Assam eg. Karbi Angling, West Karbi Angling and Dima Hasao. It is carried out by clearing the forest and vegetations of the hill slope through cutting and burning methods.
(b) What do you mean by ‘rotation of crops’?
Ans. Rotation of crops is a process where several crops are green in the some plot of land and different others crops are also cultivated in the next year.
(c) What is intensity of cropping?
Ans. Cropping intensity refers to raising of a number of crops from the same field during one agricultural year. It is measured by
Crop intensity = total crop production land/Actual crop production land × 100
(d) What are the species grown in Assam?
Ans. Some major species grown in Assam are ginger, turmeric , flat chilli, chilli, pepper etc.
3. (a) Write about the drawbacks of the agricultural system of Assam.
Ans. Analysing the trend of agricultural development, data or crop production etc. Some drawbacks of Assam’s agricultural system are observes.
The major drawbacks of Assam’s agricultural system are-
(i) Agricultural lands are in rice and so using tractor and other mechanical tools have become difficult.
(ii) The farmers face difficulties in meeting their livelihood needs as the per head agricultural land is very low.
(iii) Agricultural production per hector of land is very low due to age old methods of cultivation adopted by the farmers.
(iv) There are limited irrigation facilities extended to only 15% of agricultural area resulting in the scarcity of water.
(v) Heavy damages of crops are caused every year by recurring floods.
Besides these there are also many other drawbacks like lack of required amount of manures, lack of experience of farmers etc.
(b) Explain how and in which season rice in cultivated in Assam.
Ans. Paddy is the principal crop of Assam. There are significant differences in production as well as areas under paddy cultivation as found in season like summer , autumn and winter. Cropping pattern in Assam depends on a variety of factors. The principal crops in wet cultivation of Assam is the paddy again depending on the crop production season. paddy cultivation can be included in the types.
These are Kharif crops which are grown during April- May when rain starts and the same are harvested during Nov-Dec. The principal Kharif rice are Soti and Bea rice*.
Kharif crops: which are sown during the part of winter season and are harvested during the later part of spring seasons. The major rabi crops are Ahu and Bodo rice.
(c) In Jhum cultivation also rice in grown in Assam.
Ans. In Assam rice is cultivated by different methods but the traditional methods are still in use for harvesting. The fields are initially ploughed with the help of bulks or tractors and then fertiliser is applied which typically consists of cow dung and then the field is smoothed. The seeds are sown by hand in a snail area of the field and then are transplanted and cultivated with proper irrigation.