Makhanlal Chaturvedi was a well-known poet, writer and journalist in India. His literary works were quite popular. He was a unique Hindi creator of simple language and emotions, and as editors of prestigious letters like ‘Karmaveer’, who has shown and preached vigorously against British rule, prayed for the youth to break the chain of slavery. Makhanlal Chaturvedi was also a freedom fighter and a true patriot. He also went to jail for his active role in the non-cooperation movement.
Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi was a prominent freedom fighter, an acclaimed poet and such a journalist that he has been named as the first such university in Asia dedicated to journalism and communication. It is called Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication and is located in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. He was specially remembered for his contribution to the freedom movement like the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement during the British Raj. He was the first person to receive the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 for his exceptional contribution to the neo-romanticism movement in Hindi literature. His work ‘Him Taringini’ is still popular among literary circles. He was honoured D.Litt. title by Sagar University. (Literature Doctorate) Honorable in 1959. Makhanlal was editor of nationalist magazine “Prabha” and later “Karmaveer”.
Biography of Makhanlal Chaturvedi
|Date of Birth||4 April, 1889|
|Place of Birth||Madhya Pradesh|
|Father’s Name||Nandalal Chaturvedi|
|Occupation||Author, Poet, Freedom Fighter|
|Death||30 January, 1938|
|Awards||1. Sahitya Akademi Award (1955)|
2. Padma Bhushan (1963)
Early Life and Education of Makhanlal Chaturvedi
Makhanlal Chaturvedi was born on April 4, 1889 in Babai village, Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh. His father’s name was Nandlal Chaturvedi and his mother’s name was Sundaribai. He was married to Gearsy Bai.
Chaturvediji’s early education was in Bawai village and after his primary education he acquired knowledge of Sanskrit, Bengali, Gujarati or English etc, at home. Makhanlalji became a school teacher at the age of 16. He taught in a school between 1906 and 1910. Makhanlal Chaturvediji is also known as Panditji.
After teaching for a few days Chaturvedi ji started looking after the work of editor in the national magazine. He started editing national monthly magazines ‘Prabha’ and ‘Karmaveer’ in the 1913 AD. Inspired by Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi of Kanpur, he started participating in the national movement. In the meantime, he had to go to jail several times.
Also Read: Biography of Maithili Sharan Gupt
Career of Makhanlal Chaturvedi
Makhanlal Chaturvedi taught at the school from 1986 to 1910. But soon Makhanlal decided to use his life and writing skills for the country’s independence. He participated extensively in activities like Non-cooperation Movement and Quit India Movement. For which he went to jail for many times and had to endure many atrocities in jail as well. But the British could never disturb him from his path.
After quitting teaching in 1910, Chaturvediji started working as an editor in national magazines and edited them in national magazines called “Prabha” and “Karmaveer”. Panditji instilled a sense of love for the country in a large part of the country with his writing style. His speeches were full of power and his writings were as full of love for the country. Makhanlal Chaturvedi ji presided over the ‘All India Sahitya Sammelan’ in 1943. Many of his works are helpful in instilling the enthusiasm of the youth of the country.
Literary life of Makhanlal Chaturvedi
Chaturvedi ji wrote his poems in the name of an Indian soul. His poetic works are based on national sentiments. Where there is a sense of sacrifice, duty, dedication, etc. His poetry affects patriots who still love their country India a lot and his actions proved to be very helpful in making the people of the country aware.
In 1943, he was appointed chairman of the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. Chaturvedi ji had a deep love for the country of India. At the time of his birth, India was ruled by the British and freedom struggle took place at that time. Chaturvediji understood that the independence of the country is very important for us. Since then, they have come forward to protect the country and also inspired the people to do so.
His noted works are as follows: Him Kirtini, Yug Charan, Sahitya Devata, and his most noted poems are Venu Lo Gunje Dhara, Deep Se Deep Jale, Kaisa Chhand Banaa Deti hain, Agnipath and Pushpa ki Abhilassshaa etc.
Makhanlal Chaturvedi’s Language Style
Shri Makhanlal Chaturvedi used a new style in his writing. This style of Chaturvedi ji is called the Neo-romanticism style of the Chhayavaad era. He has written some of his works in this style, these works of his became very famous because a new style was used in his poetry, which is why people started liking it. Shri Makhanlal Chaturvediji’s ‘Amar Rashtra Kavita’ was also considered as the Amar Kavita of Hindi literature as this poem has inspired for ages.
In his memory, the Madhya Pradesh Sahitya Akademi (Madhya Pradesh Cultural Council) organizes the annual ‘Makhanlal Chaturvedi Samaroh’, since 1987, besides awarding the annual ‘Makhanlal Chaturvedi Puraskar’ for excellence in poetry by an Indian poet.
The Makhanlal Chaturvedi Rashtriya Patrakarita Vishwavidyalaya at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh has been named in his honour.
Makhanlal Chaturvedi ji died on January 30, 1968, at Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh India.
1. When and where was Makhanlal Chaturvedi born?
Ans: Makhanlal Chaturvedi was born on April 4, 1889 in Babai village of Hosangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
2. What is another name for Makhanlal Chaturvedi?
Ans. Makhanlal Chaturvedi is also known as “Indian Soul” because he is full of national sentiments.
3. Why did Makhanlal Chaturvedi is known as Indian soul?
Ans: Makhanlal Chaturvedi was a unique Hindi creator of simple language and emotions. He was also known as ‘An Indian Soul’. The poems of Chaturvedi, the love of nationalism, was his soul. He also actively participated in the freedom movement to continue speaking and writing against social evils and supported an exploit-free, society just as Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of. Even his poetry clearly shows this unconditional love and respect for his country and that is why he was called “a true Indian soul”.
4. When did Makhanlal Chaturvedi died?
Ans: He died on January 30, 1968.
Hi, I’m Dev Kirtonia, Founder & CEO of Dev Library. A website that provides all SCERT, NCERT 3 to 12, and BA, B.com, B.Sc, and Computer Science with Post Graduate Notes & Suggestions, Novel, eBooks, Biography, Quotes, Study Materials, and more.