Class 9 English Grammar Degrees of Comparison

Class 9 English Grammar Degrees of Comparison, NCERT/SCERT Class 9 English Grammar Notes to each Syllabus wise provided in the list of SEBA Class 9 English Grammar Degrees of Comparison can be of great value to excel in the examination.

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Class 9 English Grammar Degrees of Comparison

Class 9 English Grammar Question Degrees of Comparison cover all the exercise questions in Assam Board SEBA Textbooks. The SEBA Class 9 English Grammar provided here ensures a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every chapter and score well in the board exams.

DEGREES OF COMPARISON

GRAMMAR

We use different forms of adjectives to show comparison. These different forms of adjectives are called Degrees of Comparison. They are:

1. Positive Degree

2. Comparative Degree

3. Superlative Degree

1. POSITIVE DEGREE :

The Positive degree of an adjective is used to represent the adjective in its most simple form. When we use the Positive degree, we do not make any comparison.

Examples:

(i) Ravi is strong

(ii) He is clever.

2. COMPARATIVE DEGREE

The Comparative degree is used when we want to make comparison of the same adjective between two persons, places, things, etc.

Examples:

(i) Ravi is stronger than Ram. 

(ii) He is cleverer than her.

3. SUPERLATIVE DEGREE

The Superlative degree is used when we compare more than two persons, places, things, etc. and want to show the highest or lowest degree of the same adjective amongst them.

Examples:

(i) Ravi is the strongest boy in the class.

(ii) He is the cleverest boy in the group.

FORMATION OF COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREE FROM POSITIVE DEGREE

1. Generally, the Comparative and Superlative degree of an adjective is formed by adding ‘er’ or ‘r’ and ‘est’ or ‘st’ respectively to its Positive degree.

Examples:

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
brightbrighterbrightest
coolcoolercoolest
densedenserdensest
fewfewerfewest

2. If an adjective is of one syllable and ends in a consonant preceded by a vowel, its Comparative and Superlative degrees are formed by additing ‘er’ and ‘est’ to its Positive form after doubling its last consonant.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
bigbiggerbiggest
fatfatterfattest
hothotterhottest
thinthinnerthinnest

3. If an adjective ending in ‘y’ is preceded by a consonant the ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘er’ and ‘est’ are added to form the Comparative and Superlative degrees:

Examples: 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
busybusierbusiest
easyeasiereasiest
lazylazierlaziest
filthyfilthierfilthiest

4. The Comparative and Superlative Degrees of many verbs a formed irregularly, i.e. their Comparative and Superlative form are completely different from their Positive form.

Examples: 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
badworseworst
goodbetterbest
littlelessleast
nearnearernearest
oldolderoldest

5. The Comparative and Superlative degrees of adjectives with inc than one syllable are generally formed by adding adverbs like ‘mor ‘most’, ‘less’, ‘least’, etc. to their Positive form.

Examples:

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
activemore activeless activemost activeleast active
beautifulmore beautifulless beautifulmost beautifulleast beautiful
difficultmore difficultless difficultmost difficultleast difficult
interestingmore interestingless interesting most interestingleast interesting
politemore politeless politemost politeleast polite

Exercise:

Write the Comparative and Superlative Degrees of the following adjectives:

(A) bold, dark, deep, noble, small. 

(B) hot, fat, mad, slim, wet.

(C) dry, easy, heavy, jolly, merry.

(D) brilliant, charming, diligent, intelligent,polite.

(E) late, fore, out, little, good.

Ans: (A) 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
boldbolderboldest
darkdarkerdarkest
deepdeeperdeepest
noblenoblernoblest
smallsmallersmallest

(B) 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
hothotterhottest
fatfatterfattest
madmaddermaddest
slimslimmerslimmest
wetwetterwette st

(C) 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
drydrierdriest
easyeasiereasiest
heavyheavierheaviest
jollyjollierjolliest
merrymerriermerriest

(D) 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
brilliantmore brilliantmost brilliant
charmingmore charmingmost charming
diligentmore diligentmost diligent
intelligentmore intelligentmost intelligent
politemore politemost polite

(E) 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
latelaterlast
forethe formerforemost
outouteroutermost
littlelessleast
goodbetterbest

Some Previous Years’ Questions

(i) He is the best boy in the class. (Rewrite the sentence using the positive degree of best).

(ii) No other boy in our class is as intelligent as he. (Use the superlative degree).

(iii) Silver is not as valuable as gold. (Use comparative degree).

(iv) Gold is the brightest of all metals. (Use positive degree).

(v) Atul is stronger than Hari. (Use positive degree).

(vi) He is the tallest boy in the class. (Rewrite using the positive degree of tallest).

Ans: (i) No other boy in the class is as good as him.

(ii) He is the most intelligent boy in our class. 28

(iii) Gold is more valuable than silver.

(iv) No other metal is as bright as gold.

(v) Hari is not as strong as Atul.

(vi) No other boy in the class is as tall as he.

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