NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features

NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Geography Notes Paper 316.

NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 16 India – Physical Features, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Geography Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.

India – Physical Features

Chapter: 16




Q.1. Name the countries which share the common land frontiers with India.

Ans. Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Bhutan.

Q.2. Between which latitudes and longitudes is India situated?

Ans. 8°.4 and 37°.6 longitudes and 68°.7 E and 97°.25 E longitudes.

Q.3. Which is the southernmost point of India? Select the correct alternative.

(a) Kanyakumari.

(b) Rameshwaram.

(c) Indira point.

(d) kavaratti.

Ans. Indira point.

Q.4. Which is the standard meridian of India? Select the correct alternative.

(a) 68°7 E.

(b) 97°.25 E.

(c) 82°.30 E.

(d) 80°E.

Ans. 82°.30 E.

Q.5. Broadly by how many hours does the local time of the eastern most point of India differ from that of the western most point?

Ans. About two hours.


Q.1. Select the correct alternative:

(i) Which is the highest mountain peak of the world?

(a) K2.

(b) Kanchenjunga.

(c) Mt. Everest.

(d) Namcha Barwa.

Ans. (c) Mt. Everest.

(ii) Which is the highest peak in India?

(a) Annapurna.

(b) Nanga Parvat.

(c) K2.

(d) Nanda Devi.

Ans. (c) K2.

Q.2. Name three mountain ranges of the Himalayas.

Ans. Himadri, Himachal and Siwaliks.

Q.3. Which mountain is referred to as Krishnanagiri in Sanskrit literature?

Ans. Karakoram.

Q.4. Name the most important transe Himalayan mountain ranges in Jammu and Kashmir along with its eastern extension in Tibet.

Ans. Karakoram.


Q.1. What is the maximum depth of alluvium deposits in the Great northern plains?

Ans. 2000 to 3000 metres.

Q.2. What is the meant by the term bangar?

Ans. Bangar is a comparatively higher part of the plains.

Q.3. Which three states does the bhabar region extend?

Ans. Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Q.4. Which two perennial rivers flowed through the Western plain in ancient times?

Ans. Saraswati and Drishadvati.

Q.5. Name four rivers flowing through the north Central plains.

Ans. Yamuna, Ganga, gomati, Ghagara, Gandak, Ramganga.


Q.1. Select the correct alternative:

(i) Which is the highest peak of Southern India?

(a) Doda Betta.

(b) Anamudi.

(c) Mahabaleshwar.

(d) Gurushikhar.

Ans. (b) Anamudi.

(ii) Which river flows through a rift valley?

(a) Narmada.

(b) Chambal.

(c) Godavari.

(d) Peaner.

Ans. (a) Narmada.

Q.2. Name two rivers flowing through Malwa plateau.

Ans. Chambal, Betwa, Parbati, Ken.

Q.3. On which hills is Kodaikanal situated?

Ans. Palani hills.

Q.4. Name the famous hill station situated on the Aravallis.

Ans. Mount Abu.


Q.1. Which of the coastal plains of India is broader than the other?

Ans. The east coastal plains.

Q.2. Name two lagoons on the is done costal plain.

Ans. Chilka and Pulikat.

Q.3. Which lake is situated between the deltas of the Godavari and the Krishna rivers?

Ans. Kolleru.

Q.4. Name the two places associated with the northern and southern extremities of the Konkan coast respectively.

Ans. Daman (North) and Goa (South).

Q.5. Which Indian group of islands is of coral origin? Select the correct alternative.

(a) Andaman.

(b) Nicobar.

(c) Lakshadweep.

(d) Barren.

Ans. (c) Lakshadweep.


Q.1. Name any two factors which influence the drainage system.

Ans. 1. Slope of land.

2. Geological structure.

3. Amount of water.

4. Velocity of water.

Q.2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words out of those given in the brackets.

(i) Surface run off from Indian territory flows into the _____ in the west and_____ in the East. (Indian Ocean, bay of Bengal, Persian Gulf, Arabian sea)

Ans. Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal.

(ii) The two major west flowing rivers of south India are _______ and _______. (Mahanadi, Kaveri, Narmada, Tapi)

Ans. Narmada, Tapi.

Q.3. Name three rivers of the Great plateau which flow towards north.

Ans. Chambal, Parbati, Betwa, Ken.

Q.4. How deep is the gorge of the Indus river near Bunji?

Ans. 5200 metres.

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