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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 22 The Truth
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 22 The Truth, NIOS Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.
Chapter – 22
BOOK – II
22. 2 LET US UNDERSTAND THE TEXT
22.2.1 PART – 1 (Stanza 1)
Sticks and stones may break my bones
But words can also hurt me.
Stones and sticks break only skin While
Words are ghosts that haunt me.
Read the above stanza and answer the questions that follow. The brief explanation below would help you understand the poem better
As you know when we are physically hurt people see our wounds and express sympathy for us. But can people see our suffering when we go through emotional or mental pain?
No, they cannot. So we suffer alone. In this stanza the poet speaks about the pain caused by weapons and the hurt caused by unkind language. Sticks and stones hurt us physically.
But we get hurt emotionally by rude and harsh language. We feel mentally upset and disturbed. The wounds caused to our body heal up fast but the insult caused by words disturbs our mind for a long period of time.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 21.1
Answer the following questions:
Q.1. Which objects mentioned in the stanza can cause physical injury?
Ans. Both swords and unkind words are like sticks and stones.
Q.2. What have “words” in the poem been compared with?
Ans. Words in the poem have been compared to ghosts.
Q.3. Complete the following statement in your own words.
Words are called ghosts that haunt us because………..
(i) they trouble our mind for a long time.
(ii) they are invisible.
(iii) we cannot fight them or overcome them.
Ans. (i) they trouble our mind for a long time.
Q.4. Words, sticks and stones hurt us. In what way do they differ in their impact? Write your answer in about 50-60 words.
Ans. Words are more harmful. They cause more injury than sticks and stones. The words which once spoken cannot be taken back.
Words hurt our mind and heart. But sticks and stones cause physical injury.
Q.5. Your sister takes your pen without your permission to write her examination. This causes inconvenience for you. Hence, you are angry with her. How would you react to her action?
(a) Given below are four options. Choose one out of them to complete the sentence. You will…
(i) scold her in strong words.
(ii) forgive her but make her understand that it is a bad habit.
(iii) punish her so that she does not repeat it in future.
(iv) not talk to her for three days.
Ans. (iv) not talk to her for three days.
(b) Now based on your chosen option write one positive and one negative reaction you might expect from your sister in the spaces provided below.
22.2 2 PART – 2 (Stanza II)
Slant and curved the word swords fall
To pierce and stick inside me.
Bats and bricks may ache through bones
But words can mortify me.
You have been treated unfairly by someone. How do you feel? Do you think being intolerant and aggressive is always an effective way of dealing with people? Read what Gandhiji has to say about this:
“Keep your thoughts
Thoughts become your
Positive because your
Positive because your
Words, keep your words
Words become your,
The stanza describes the intense pain caused by bitter words. Read the explanation below to find Jooherde id be MK Gandhi out how painful it was for the poet when he was humiliated by bitter words.
The poet says that objects like swords injure our bodies deeply. But don’t you think that angry and harsh words can also hurt equally? Don’t you think that such words can humiliate us and make our life miserable? You must have experienced this I’m your day to day life.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 22.2
Q.1. Words have been called ‘swords’ in Stanza 2. Why?
Ans. Both sword and unkind words are sharp and hurt deeply.
Q.2. Which two words describe the ‘swords’?
Ans. Two words are slant and curved.
Q.3. Select the meaning out of the ones given below that best explains the line ‘pierce and stick inside’ in Stanza 2.
(a) The impact of bitter words is deep and long lasting.
(b) Swords injure sharply.
(c) The wound caused by a sword doesn’t heal up.
Ans. (a) The impact of bitter words is deep and long lasting.
Q.4. Identify the word from Stanza 2 that describes the effect of ‘words’ on the poet.
Ans. The word is ‘mortify’.
Q.5. Your friend Anand is unhappy and dejected because his father has objected in very strong words to his decision to go abroad. Now his father is upset to see him dejected. How do you think his father can help him to overcome his dejection?
Three options are given below. Which of the three options would you choose if you were the father?
(a) Empathize with him and try to convince him that he did not mean to hurt him.
(b) Accept his decision and allow him pursue ved for his plans.
(c) Remain indifferent and unconcerned
thinking that time is a great healer.
Ans. (a) Empathize with him and try to convince him that he did not mean to hurt him.
22.2.3 PART – 3 (Stanza III)
Pain from words ……………….. that I remember.
Think of a physical injury you have suffered in the past. Think of some unkind words someone said to you and which hurt you badly. Which experience did you forget earlier?
In this stanza the poet explains that the damage caused by harsh language is more than the damage caused by physical injury. Both leave scars – one on the body and the other on the mind and heart. But the scars on the mind and heart do not let us forget the experience. Find out if the poet could overcome the pain caused by bitter words.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 22.3
Answer the following questions.
Q.1. Where has the pain left the scar?
Ans. Pain has left scar on his mind and soft heart.
Q.2. What happened to the poet’s physical injury?
Ans. Poet’s physical injury got healed up as the time passed.
Q.3. Why could he not forget the words?
Ans. The words could not be forgotten as they were painful.
Q.4. Why do words hurt more than weapons?
Ans. The words leave a deep impact which always remain with us. The hurt caused by weapons can be easily curved.
Q.1. State the theme or central idea of the poem in 50-60 words.
Ans. Words leave a very deep impact on our minds. We are hurt very badly by the unkind words. The weapons do not cause as much pain. Physical wounds heal up faster than emotional injury Words shall keep on haunting us and never leave us at peace.
Q.2. Why do you think the poet has titled this poem “Truth”? Write your answer in 50-60 words.
Ans. It is very difficult but important to be truthful. Truth requires a lot of effort and leaves behind ugly words.
Truth must be told but in a kind manner.
Q.3. Which word has been repeated? How many times has it been repeated in the poem. Why has the poet repeated it?
Ans. The word ‘words’ has been repeated six times. It has been repeated to make us understand its importance. The poem revolves around word ‘words’.
Q.4. What literary devices has the poet used? How have the literary devices in the poem helped you to understand and enjoy the poem?
Ans. Many literary devices have been used such as metaphors, alliteration and repetitions.
Metaphors: To feel the intensity of pain metaphor used is by comparing words with a sword.
Alliteration: It adds to sound effect by using Bats. Bricks. Bones.
Repetition: It helps to lay emphasis on central idea e.g. sticks and stones.
Q.5. What do you think is the strong emotion that prompts us to be aggressive and intolerant?
Tick one of the four emotions below. Give reasons for your choice in 50-60 words:
Anger, Ambition, Hatred, Jealousy.
Ans. The emotion which makes us aggressive is ‘Hatred’. I feel that if we hate someone then every single behaviour of that person will be criticised. We shall hate every activity and express anger at each moment. Hatred teaches us to have jealousy and not show satisfaction at any moment.
Q.6. Think of a situation in which your relationship with your friend becomes unpleasant.
You want to maintain your friendship. What would you do to be good friends again?
Write your answer in 50-60 words.
Ans. If we want to maintain our friendship then we have to make very sincere efforts. Once friendship is broken then it takes all efforts to renew it. We should show empathy we should give silent hearing to each other and try to reason out. We should sit and talk so that relationships can be made normal.
Q.7. Describe in 50-60 words how would you feel if someone used harsh and harmful words to you.
Ans. Harsh and Harmful words make us feel very bad We get hurt and it becomes difficult for us to become normal. It takes many days for us to behave nicely and improve our mood.
Q.8. (a) Given below is a list of emotions and values. Put them in appropriate columns in the space provided below. Refer to the dictionary if necessary to understand the meaning of each word before doing the exercise.
(b) Which one of the above positive qualities would you like to develop in yourself and which negative quality would you like to give up.
Ans. The positive qualities which you would like to develop is tolerance, gratitude and selflessness.
The negative quality which I would like to give up is greed, revenge and selflessness.
Q.9. Read the following dialogue between a student passenger and the bus conductor. Rewrite it to make it an effective communication.
Student Passenger: Give me a ticket for the Red Fort.
(gives a 50 rupee note)
Conductor: Give me Rs 15 only.
Student Passenger: I have a 50 rupee note only.
Conductor: Didn’t you know that you need coins to pay?
Student Passenger: You already have so many coins in your pouch. You want to harass me.
Conductor: Give me the change or else get down from the bus.
Student Passenger: Why should I get down? I have to reach there on time.
Conductor: I’ll throw you out. Student
Passenger: How dare you! You are a public servant. Don’t forget it.
Ans. Student Passenger: Please give me a ticket for the Red fort (gives a 50 rupee note)
Conductor: Would you give me Rs.15 only.
Student Passenger: But sorry sir I have a 50 rupee note only.
Conductor: It’s better, if you would always
carry coins to pay.
Student Passenger: Sir, I am sure you must be having coins in your pouch. You are not to harass me in this way.
Conductor: OK If you don’t have change, you can’t travel.
Student Passenger: What do you mean by get down?
Conductor: You shall face dire consequences.
Student Passenger: Follow some rules. Remember you are a public servant.