Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 10 The Constitution and its Necessity

Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 10 The Constitution and its Necessity Question Answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapter SEBA Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 10 The Constitution and its Necessity Notes Pdf Download and select needs one.

Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 10 The Constitution and its Necessity

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Also, you can read SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given SEBA Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 10 The Constitution and its Necessity Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here.

The Constitution and its Necessity

Chapter – 10

Exercise

1. Write Short Answers:

(a) What do you understand about the constitution?

Ans: Constitution is a set of basic laws or principles for a country that describes the rights and duties of citizens.

(b) What is the process of bringing changes to a constitution called?

Ans: Amendment.

(c) In which year democracy was established in Nepal?

Ans: May 28, 2008.

(d) Name three countries having written constitution.

Ans: India, USA and France.

2. Write Short Notes:

(i) Flexible Constitution.

Ans: flexible constitution can be amended by ordinary law making procedure whereas a rigid one requires special procedures. The Indian Constitution strikes a balance between rigidity and flexibility. Example The United Kingdom having an unwritten Constitution, is the best example of an extremely flexible Constitution as there is no distinction between the legislative power and the constituent power. The British Parliament has the power to change the Constitution by the ordinary process of legislation.

(ii) Unwritten Constitution, Distribution of powers,

Ans: Unwritten Constitution, Distribution of powers are mentioned below:  

(i) Less Defined Lines: The separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches might be less clear-cut compared to a written constitution.

(ii) Power Shifts: The balance of power can change more easily through new laws or court rulings.

(iii) Judicial Review: The power of the judiciary to review laws for constitutionality can be limited compared to a written constitution.

3. Choose the Correct Answer and put a tick.

(a) The Constitution of [England is written/anwinter.

Ans: Unwritten.

(b) The Indian Constitution is rigid/combination of flexible and rigid. 

Ans: Combination of flexible and rigid.

(c) The executive/the legislature/the judiciary frames law for a country. republished

Ans: The legislature.

4. What are the different types of a constitution? Explain.

Ans: The same type of constitution is not applicable to all countries. The Constitution varies according to the nature of the country Now let us learn about the different types of Constitution.

(a) Written constitution: Constitutions which are in written form are known as written constitution. Most countries have written constitutions.

Characteristics of an unwritten constitution.

(i) The written Constitution clearly mentions the division of power, civil rights, etc.

(b) Unwritten constitution.

Almost all countries of the world have written constitutions except England. The constitution of England is an unwritten one. Such type of constitution which is unwritten is known as an unwritten constitution. This type of country. The constitution is based upon the existing customs and traditions of the country.

Characteristics of unwritten constitution.

(i)  The unwritten constitution is based upon customs, old traditions, existing rules and regulations.

5. Write an Answer.

(a) Two differences between written and unwritten constitution.

Ans:  

writtenunwritten constitution.
A formal document that outlines the fundamental rules and principles of a government is known as the Written Constitution.A written document, which is mix of laws, traditions, customs, and conventions that have developed over time to govern a country is known as the Unwritten Constitution.
A written constitution is a formal document that contains all the rules and laws of a country in one place.An unwritten constitution is not written down in a single document but is made up of traditions and customs.

(b) Two characteristics of rigid constitution.

Ans: (i) The amendment procedure is very complicated.

(ii) They are always in a written form.

6. “A constitution is necessary in a democratic country.”- Discuss with argument.

Ans: A democratic country needs a constitution because

Constitution tells us the fundamental nature of our society. A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed.

(i) Rule of Law: A constitution establishes the framework of fundamental laws and principles that govern a country. It sets out the rules according to which government institutions operate and limits their powers. This ensures that all citizens, including those in government, are subject to the law.

(ii) Protection of Rights: Constitutions typically include a bill of rights that guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to citizens. These rights often include freedoms of speech, assembly, religion, and due process, among others. A constitution provides a legal foundation to protect individuals from arbitrary actions by the government or other citizens.

(iii) Checks and Balances: In democratic systems, constitutions establish mechanisms for the separation of powers among different branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial). This separation ensures that no single branch becomes too powerful and helps maintain a balance of authority.

(iv) Democratic Governance: A constitution usually outlines the processes and procedures for democratic governance, including elections, representation, and the responsibilities of elected officials. It defines the mechanisms for decision-making and ensures that these processes are fair and transparent.

Stability and Consistency: By providing a stable framework for governance, a constitution helps maintain political stability. It provides continuity beyond changes in government or leadership and ensures that the principles of democracy are upheld over time.

(v) Legal and Political Legitimacy: A constitution serves as the supreme law of the land. It provides legitimacy to the government and its actions, as they are carried out within the bounds set by the constitution. This legitimacy is crucial for maintaining public trust and confidence in democratic institutions.

7. Put the following countries in the right column- India, United States of America, England.

FlexibleRigidCombination of flexible and rigid

Ans: 

FlexibleRigidCombination of flexible and rigid
IndiaUnited States of AmericaEngland

8. Project:

Collect the names of organisations/institutions of your locality and try to find out the nature of their work and function and also write a report with the help of your teacher/ guardian/member of the organisation.

Ans: Do yourself.

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