NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 17 Caring For Others

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NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 17 Caring For Others

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 17 Caring For Others, NIOS Secondary Course English Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Caring For Others

Chapter: 17



17.2.1 PART – 1

Malcolm: “When you say home for ………… few years in happiness and comfort. Have you heard of Mother Teresa? Mother Teresa looked after the dying and the destitute.

She was form in South Yugoslavia. At the age of nineteen, she came to Darjeeling, India. She belonged to the order of Missionaries of Charity. She is a winner of the Nobel Prize and the Bharat Ratna for her work among the poor.

In this interview the well known journalist Malcolm Muggeridge talks with Mother Teresa about her work. Mother Teresa tells about how she set up her Home for the Dying. She also explains what they do for the people who are brought to the Home for the Dying. Poor, sick, and helpless people who are unwanted and abandoned by their own families are brought to the Home for the Dying. They are loved and cared for in the Home. Some of them die, but they die knowing that they are loved and cared for. Some of them become healthy again, and the Missionaries of Charity try to send them to their own homes or help them to find jobs.


Q.1. What kind of people did Mother Teresa take care of and why? 

Ans. Mother Teresa took care of the old and the sick. These had been unwanted and abandoned by their relatives. 

Q.2. How did Mother Teresa force the hospital to take in the sick woman? 

Ans. Mother Teresa was very determined. She refused to move till the sick woman was admitted.

Q.3. Where did Mother Teresa set-up the first home for the sick and the dying? 

Ans. Mother Teresa set-up her first home for the sick and the dying in a dharamshala near the Kali Temple. 

Q.4. How did she settle her patients when they were cured? 

Ans. Mother Teresa found work for those who could work. She tried to send others to their homes. 

Q.5. Tick the correct answer to complete the given statement.

Malcolm Muggeridge interviewed Mother Teresa to

– know about her work and achievements.

– know her opinions.

– test her knowledge for a job.

Ans. Malcolm Muggeridgs interviewed Mother Teresa to know about her work and achievements.

Q.6. Think of a sick, unhappy or helpless person in your family/ neighbourhood who has responded well to love and care. What change have you noticed in this person?

Ans. In our neighbourhood there was an old lady. Her three sons and one daughter had gone abroad. She was left alone to do all the same. She was very sick and unhappy. She could hardly cook food for her family. We all decided to make food and send to her regularly. This changed her attitude. She started remaining happy. She took to talking with everyone and even started to take walks.

17.2.2 PART – 2

A little distance from ………………… hope on the horizon.”

What should a 70-year old woman do? Sit at home? Play with her grand-children? Or should she take an unusual path and start teaching under-privileged children in her courtyard? The Leccan Chronicle tells us how Janki lyer chose the last option, and runs a school called Ananda Bharati.

Janaki lyer is a 70 year old woman who is very different from other women of her age. She teaches girls who are domestic helpers and who therefore can not attend a formal school. The Deccan Chronicle publishes a report about Janki lyer and her non formal school called Ananda Bharati. The report tells us that although the school is a non formal institution, the students and the teachers are very serious about education and examinations. The school has very highly qualified teachers and other staff. The aim of the school is to educate the students as well as to make them strong and confident people with values and skills which will stay with them all their lives. 


Q.1. Who set-up Anande Bharati School and for whom?

Ans. A seventy year old woman called Janki Iyer set up Ananda Bharati School for girls who worked as domestic helpers.

Q.2. Anand Bharti is a non-formal school but the author says, “This is no non-formal education centre”. Why does the author say that?

Ans. Anand Bharati is a non-formal school. It is not a formal and recognised educational institution. The author means that Anande Bharti is very serious about education just like a formal school. In this school teachers and students work very hard for attaining their educational goals.

The school has flexible timings like a non- formal institution. At the same time it is serious about studies like a formal school.

Q.3. Describe Janki Iyer in 60-80 words. 

Ans. Janki Iyer is a seventy year old soft spoken and gentle woman who takes care of needs of others. She takes Bhagya’s responsibility of looking after her little sister so that Bhagya can study. Janki Iyer is very serious about education for girls. She loves Bhagya. She takes care of her but also scolds her when Bhagya comes late to class. She also helps to build social support for her school.

Q.4. Who are the people who help Janki Iyer in her work?

Ans. Young professionals help Janki to run the school A computer professional helps with the school accounts. A linguistic professor teaches Hindi, another professor teaches English and other one teaches music.

Q.5. Choose the correct choice from the given alternatives:

(a) A first generation learner is one …..

– who goes to school for the first time. 

– who is the first in the family to go to school.

– who learns about first generation.

Ans. A first generation learner is one who is the first in the family to receive education 

(b) A well ordered mind is

– a mind that is in order.

– a balance mind.

– a fit mind.

Ans. A well ordered mind is a balanced mind.

Q.6. Say whether the following are true or false:

(a) Ananda Bbarati is located in a house called Needa. 

Ans. False.

(b) Ananda Bharati does not prepare girls for public exams. 

Ans. False.

(c) At Ananda Bharati children are transformed into confident, individuals.

Ans. True.

(d) Many professionals teach at the school. 

Ans. True.

(e) The school has a combination of highly educated teachers and teachers from the underprivileged class. 

Ans. True.

(f) Janki Iyer has to handle all the problems alone.

Ans. False.

17.2.3 PART – 3

Bhagya is a ten year old …………. all the rainy teaching days seem worthwhile.

As you know there are many people who want to go to school and improve their lives by educating themselves. Yet they are not always able to do this for many reasons such as family responsibilities, sickness, or shortage of money. In this unit Janki Iyer tells the story of one such person called Bhagya. Bhagya is a poor girl who studies at Ananda Bharati. Despite her many and difficult responsibilities, this ten year old girl does not give up her studies. Supported and helped by Janki Iyer, she continues to study. One day she has to make a difficult decision. She has to choose between money and an education. She refuses an offer of work that would give her a lot of money, because this work will not leave her-time to study and continue with school.


Q.1. Who was Bhagya? 

Ans. Bhagya was a poor ten year old girl. She had to take care of two younger sisters. Bhagya was a part time domestic helper. She was very keen to study. She was also a regular student at Ananda Bharati.

Q.2. How did Janki Iyer share Bhagya’s responsibility in the school?

Ans. Janki Iyer took care of Bhagya’s baby sister, Swapna when Bhagya came into the class, she took care of her sister. She kept the baby busy with the playful activities.

Q.3. State how Bhagya changed as soon as she came to the class?

Ans. When Bhagya came to the class she gave up her responsibility. She here began to enjoy school like any other child.

Q.4. Where did Bhagya start working? 

Ans. Bhagya started working for the occupants of a newly constructed flat.

Q.5. What new things did she buy with the money she carried?

Ans. She bought a pair of slippers, green bangles and new clothes for herself.

Q.6. Why did Janki Iyer scold her?

Ans. Janki Iyer scolded Bhagya because she was late for class. Janki Iyer did not want Bhagya to ignore her studies.

Q.7. What was the difficult choice Bhagya had to make? 

Ans. Bhagya had to make choice between the schooling and working as a help. She knew if she worked, she would get less money and no time to study. She liked school and at the same time she liked the things she could buy. Thus the choice was difficult.

Q.8. (a) What choice did Bhagya make?

Ans. Bhagya decided that she would not accept the offer of more work as domestic help. So in this way she could have time to study.

(b) What was remarkable about her choice?

Ans. Her choice was remarkable. It was very difficult for a poor girl like her to leave amount of Rs. 100. Between education and money, she choose education.


1 Fill in the blanks in the following sentences to get an adverb clause of time:

(a) You should not drive ________ have drunk alcohol.

(a) if.

(b) because.

(c) after.

Ans. (a) if.

(b) We should heat up the iron ________ we iron our clothes. 

(a) before.

(b) so that.

(c) If.

Ans. (a) before.

(c) ________ the crop is harvested (cut), it is sold in the market 

(a) if.

(b) although. 

(c) after.

Ans. (c) after.

(d) Do not talk _______ she is singing.

(a) if.

(b) though.

(c) while.

Ans. (c) while.

(e) You can go home ________ you  finish your work. 

(a) so that.

(b) when.

(c) because.

Ans (b) when.

2. Complete the following sentences by adding an adverb clause of time: 

(a) They go to their daughter’s school when.

Ans. They are called by the teacher.

(b) Bhavana shifted to Murabai after —

Ans. She had completed her graduation.

(c) I had arrived at the platform before —

Ans. The train had left.

(d) The doctor comes whenever —

Ans. He is called.

(e) They were asked to wait till —

Ans. The principal came in the class.


I. Read the following phrase from the text: 

1. “delicate bright rainbow tinted circles of light”

In the above phrase, the poet Sarojini Naidu has used some adjectives to describe bangles. Explain how each adjective describes a feature of the bangles.

Ans. ‘Delicate’- This suggests that the bangles may be made of glass which can break easily ‘Bright’ This suggests that the colours are bright.

‘Rainbow’ hinted circles of light- The colours are a mix of seven colours of the rainbow. The bangles are round so they are called circle.

Q.2. Now read the sentence given below: 

“It’s rainbows like these that make all the rainy teaching days worthwhile.” 

In the above sentence the writer has used ‘rainbows’ and ‘rainy days’ as symbols.

Q.3. Complete the statements below by choosing the correct meaning of rainbows and rainy days from the given options.

(a) Rainbows, in the context of the lesson refer to:

  • seven colours.
  • beautiful moments.
  • a beautiful phenomenon of nature 

Ans. Rainbows in the context of the lesson refer to beautiful moments.

(b) Rainy days in the context of the lesson refer to:

  • when it is raining.
  • old age 
  • difficult moments.

Ans. Rainy days refer to difficult moments.


Q.1. How did Mother Teresa make her patients feel comfortable?

Ans. Mother Teresa looked after her patients. She made them feel wanted. She loved and cared for them. She made them feel that they were loved once.

Q.2. In what was is Ananda Bharati a unique school?

Ans. Anand Bharati is a unique school. It being non formal, has a great concern for good education. It has flexible timings like non-formal institution yet students write public examination. It tries to show problems of students and solve them.

Q.3. Who should be given the credit for Bhagya’s education-Janki Iyer or Bhagya? Why?

Ans. Bhagya, herself should be given credit for Bhagya’s education. It was her will power to study which determined her to leave other work and take up studies.

Q.4. State the three words the writer has used to describe Janki lyer. Do you know somebody who has one or all three of these characteristics? Write a short description of that person in about 50 words.

Ans. The three words described are unassuming. Soft spoken and gentle person. The one person having such qualities was Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was a person with qualities of head and heart. Lal Bahadur Shastri passed his life in poverty but still he rose to the level of being the Prime Minister. Even after becoming the Prime Minister, he remained simple in life.

Q.5. Think of a time when you had to make a difficult choice. Describe the situation and the options you could choose from. State the choice you made. Explain why you made that choice.

Ans. There was a love when I had and choose between taking up Engineering and Commerce. I looked at good and bad points of both. Finally, I decided to take up science so that I could pursue engineering. I was very much tempted by looking at building I wanted to make such building by becoming civil engineer.


Read the passages given below and answer the questions:


Mother Teresa Yes, the first woman who I saved, was picked up from the street. She had been half-eaten by the rats and the ants. I took her to the hospital, but they could not do anything for her. They only took her in because I refused to move until they accepted her. From there I went to the municipality and asked them to give me a place, where I could bring such people. The health officer of the municipality took me to the Kali Temple and showed me the dharamshala. I was very happy to have that place. Within twenty four hours we had our patients there, and we started the work of the home for the sick and the dying. In 1952, we opened the first “Home for the Dying”.


1. In what condition was the first woman picked up?

Ans. The first woman was half eaten by the rats and the ants.

2. How did the Municipality help Mother Teresa?

Ans. The municipality took her to the Kali Temple and gave her a place in the Dharamshala.

3. What does the “Home for the Dying” mean?

Ans. It means a house for the dying and abandoned people found in the streets.

4. For whom did Mother Teresa start the work?

Ans. She started the work for the sick and the dying people.


Mother Teresa First of all we want to make them feel they are wanted; we want them to know that there are people who really love them, who really care for them at least for the few hours that they have to live. They too should know that they are the children of God and that they are not forgotten and that they are loved and cared. 

Malcolm: What happens to those who are cured?


1. For whom does Mother Teresa work? 

Ans. Mother Teresa works for the sick, dying, abandoned and the needy people.

2. What are the dying people made to feel?

Ans. The dying people are made to feel that they are wanted.

3. What are these people made to know?

Ans. These people are made to know that these are people who really love them and care for them.

4. Find word which is opposite of ‘remembered’.

Ans. remembered – Forgotten


A little distance from the Tarnaka crossroads, you come across a quiet house called Needa (refuge). Attached to it is a small school where in the afternoons, you will come across many little girls who are domestic servants, learning to read. This is no non-formal education centre. Education is a very serious business here. The girls get to write their public exams, some of them join residential schools, (after clearing the entrance exams) and some others go for higher studies. Innovative teaching methods help these first generation learners. Field trips, discussion on current events are common features in this school.


1. What is ‘Needa’ and where is it situated? 

Ans. Needa is a place where people get ‘refuge’ It is a little distance from the Tarnaka crossroads.

2. What type of people come to get education?

Ans. These are the little girls and mostly they are domestic servants who come to get education.

3. What type of education is given at this centre?

Ans. The girls get to write their public exa- minations. Some join residential schools.

4. Trace a word in this passage that means ‘novel’?

Ans. Novel – innovative.


She attracts young people to her like bees to honey. Her school, appropriately enough called Ananda Bharati, has attracted many younger professionals in an unprecedented way to lend their time and effort to this venture. A computer professional helps with the accounts, a linguistics professor teaches Hindi, another professor teaches English, and another music. Despite the preponderance of highly educated teachers, Janaki has been able to attract and retain teachers from under privileged backgrounds. When a child needs to be put into a residential school, or needs to go in for higher studies in college, Janaki has many friends who help in sorting out the myriad problems that crop up.


1. Identify ‘She’ in these lines. Write her  one characteristic.

Ans. She is Janaki Iyer She is a very soft-spoken lady.

2. What type of professionals work with Ananda Bharati?

Ans. Ananda Bharati has expert professionals of different subjects.

3. Write a reason as to why the pro- fessionals attract to the school.

Ans. It is because Janaki lyer is an unassuming and soft-spoken lady.

4. Trace a word from the passage that means ‘numerous’. 

Ans. Numerous – myriad.


Sandhyarant, a 15 year old, says that she liked the combination of studies with vocational training. Janaki Iyer is doing a yeoman service to these domestic workers by educating them. “I am getting a lot of help from committed teachers and young enthusiastic professionals, who volunteer to help in the school. I am very thankful for it,” she says. With such committed social workers, there is hope on the horizon. 


1. Who sort out the problems of girls in Necda?

Ans. Janaki’s friends sort out the problems of girls in ‘Needa’.

2. Who is Sandhyarani?

Ans. ‘Sandhyarani’ is a 15 year old girl.

3. Why does she like Needa?

Ans. She likes Needa for the combination of studies with vocational training there.

4. Whom does Janaki Iyer educate?  

Ans. Janaki Iyer educates the domestic workers.


Bhagya is a ten-year old, who attends my non-formal education unit “Ananda Bharati”. She comes to my class, which starts at 2 p.m. with her younger sister Swarna and baby sister Swapna. As soon as she comes to class there is a change in Bhagya. She sheds her responsibilities the instant she hands over Swapna to me. For the next two and half hours she like any other child of her age is interested in her work be it an exercise in Telugu or sums or some drawing.


1. Who is Bhagya’?

Ans. Bhagya is a ten-year old domestic housemaid.

2. Which unit does Bhagya attend?

Ans. Bhagya attends non-formal education unit at ‘Ananda Bharati’.

3. Who accompanies this girl? 

Ans. Her young sister Swapna and baby sister Swapna accompany her.

4. Find word from the passage which means ‘at once’.

Ans. Instant.


One afternoon in July, Bhagya came to class wearing a pair of rubber slippers. She explained that she had started working for the occupants of a flat just completed. This gave her a little money to get some things for herself which she badly needed. Another day she wore pretty green bangles on her slender wrists. They looked beautiful on her bringing Sarojini Naidu’s “delicate, bright rainbow-tinted circles of light” to my mind. Soon she had a set of new clothes.


1. Who is Bhagya under reference?

Ans. Bhagya is an old housemaid.

2. How did she come on one afternoon in July?

Ans. She came in the class by wearing a pair of rubber slippers.

3. How did Bhagya get money?

Ans. Bhagya got money by doing some work for the occupants of a flat.

4. Trace word from the passage that means – beautiful.

Ans. Beautiful – pretty.



1. The authorities of the hospital took the picked up woman in the hospital. because:

(a) Every patient was easily admitted there.

(b) Mother Teresa refused to move until they accepted her.

(c) the other patients compelled them.

(d) they were duty bound to do so.

Ans. (b) Mother Teresa refused to move until they accepted her. 

2. Mother Teresa got the place in the dharamshala adjoining the: 

(a) Bhairav Mandir.

(b) Hanuman Mandir.

(c) Kali temple.

(d) Shiva temple.

Ans. (c) Kali temple.

3. The first Home for the Dying was opened by Mother Teresa in:

(a) 1961.

(b) 1947.

(c) 1973.

(d) 1952.

Ans. (d) 1952.

4. Janaki Iyer was:

(a) 70-year old.

(b) 80-year old.

(c) 65-year old.

(d) 90-year old.

Ans. (a) 70-year old.

5. Janaki Iyer’s quiet house was named:

(a) dharamshala.

(b) Needa (refuge).

(c) a nunnery.

(d) Home for the Dying.

Ans. (b) Needa (refuge).

6. The small school in Needa runs between: 

(a) 7 am to 12 am.

(b) 8 am to 2 pm.

(c) 2 pm to 5 pm.

(d) 8 pm to 10.30.

Ans. (c) 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. 

7. Ananda Bharati combines studies with

(a) vocational training.

(b) earning.

(c) nursing.

(d) entertainment.

Ans. (a) vocational training.

8. Janaki Iyer is doing a Yeoman service to:

(a) invalids.

(b) the blind.

(c) the deaf and dumb.

(d) the domestic workers.

Ans. (d) the domestic workers.

9. The names of Bhagya’s sisters are:

(a) Swarna and Sapna.

(b) Swarna and Sushma.

(c) Swapna and Sharda. 

(d) Swapna and Sushila.

Ans. (a) Swapna and Sharda. 

10. Bhagya gave up the offer of rupees……… per month in order to study:

(a) Rs. 300.

(b) Rs. 100.

(c) Rs. 500. 

(d) Rs. 50.

Ans. (b) Rs. 100.

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