Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NCERT Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature and select need one.
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature
Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 11 Political Science Chapter 5 Legislature Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here…
Chapter – 5
TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
PART – A
Q.1. Why can the Lok Sabha control the executive more effectively than the Rajya Sabha can?
Ans:- The Lok Sabha can control the executive more effectively because the executive is formed from the party or a coalition of parties that has a majority in Lok Sabha.
The Second reason is the members of Lok Sabha are elected directly by the people.
The thirdly the Lok Sabha has the power to remove the executive from office but the Rajya Sabha can’t remove the executive from office
Q.2. How is the Rajya Sabha Formed?
Ans:- The Rajya Sabha, the upper House of the parliament has a maximum strength of 250 members; out of these 238 are to be the representatives of the states and remaining 22 members are nominated by the president from amongst persons who have achieved distinctions in the field of art, literature, science or social services. The 238 members, representation the states are elected by the State Legislative Assemblies working in different states of India. The member of members elected by each State Legislative Assembly different from state to state.
Q.3. How is the members of the Rajya Sabha are elected?
Ans :- The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected indirectly by members of the state Legislative Assemblies through the method of proportional representation – single transferable vote system. Each state Legislative Assembly elects as many representatives as have been allocated to it by the constitution. The president nominates 12 members from amongst person. Who have attained distinction in the field of art, science, literature and social service.
Q.4. How is the Lok Sabha of India farmed?
Ans :- The House of the people, i.e the Lok Sabha is the lower, directly elected and powerful House of the union parliament. It has present a strength of 547 members, out which 525 are the elected representatives of the people living in the states of the union and 20 are the elected representatives of the people living in the union. Territories the president has the right to nominate to the Lok Sabha two members belonging to the Anglo-India community.
Q.5. What are the qualifications for the membership of Lok Sabha?
Ans :- To contest the elections of the Lok Sabha, a person must have the following quantifications-
(a) He must be a citizen of India.
(b) He must not less than 25 years of age.
(c) He must not hold any office of profit under the union
or state Government.
(d) He should not have an unsound mind or be a bank rupt.
Q.6. What are the main qualifications for a member of Rajya Sabha?
Ans :- The constitution of the Indian lays down the following qualifications for the membership of the Rajya Sabha-
(a) He must be a citizen of India.
(b) He should be a resident of the state, from which he
is seeking election for a minimum of six month.
(c) He must be above the age of 30 years.
(d) He must be possess all there qualifications as may be laid down by the parliament.
(e) He must not hold any office of the profit under the government of India or of the state.
(f) He should not be insane or bankrupt.
(g) He should not have been disqualified under any law of the parliament.
Q. 7. How does Indian parliament control the executive?
Ans:- The parliament controls the executive in the following ways.
(1) The Prime Minister and the other minister are taken from the parliament and after becoming ministers, they remain the members of the parliament. They participate in the meeting of the parliament.
(2) The ministers are responsible to the parliament for their action and policies.
(3) The members of the parliament can ask question to the ministers regarding the functioning of the administration. The ministers are to give a satisfactory reply to all these questions.
(4) The members of the parliament by introducing ‘Adjournment Motion’ can invite the attention of the Government to a serious problem or event.
Q.8. Discuss the main features of union parliament.
Ans :- In India, union parliament has the following features.
(1) President is not a member of the parliament but a part of parliament.
(2) The union parliament is a bi-cameral organisation that is Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
(3) The Indian parliament is not sovereign because it can legislate only those subjects which have been given to it by the constitution. In other words laws of the union parliament are subject to the judicial review power of the supreme court.
(4) The powers of both the houses are not equal.
(5) Provisions for nomination in both the houses.
(6) The union parliament exercise executive and even judicial functions along with the legislative functions.
(7) Vice President as ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha and speaker as the Chairman of the Lok Sabha.
Q.9. Alok things that a country needs an efficient Government that looks after the welfare of the people. So if we simply elected our Prime Ministers and Ministers and left to them the task of Government,we will not need a legislature. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans:- Alok’s thinking is completely ignorant. Executive and legislature have a quiet two different domains of operation. The executive runs the administration of the country while legislature is concerned with the formation of laws and to check the trans question of the executive and judiciary. If we simply elect our Prime Minister and ministers and leave to them the task of Government, it will give rise to dictatorship.
The legislature help people in holding the council of Ministers accountable. Without the legislature, true representatives democracy can’t be materialized. Legislature, a true representative democracy can’t be materialized. Legislature is the most important organ of all the organs of government.
Without the fetters of the legislature there would be all like hood that the council of Ministers would become unresponsive to people’s hopes and aspirations.
Q.10. What are the special powers of the Rajya Sabha?
Ans :- Some of the powers are enjoyed specially and exclusively by the Rajya Sabha and these are :
(a) Under Art 249 the Rajya Sabha can pass a resolution by 2/3rd majority of its members present and voting for declaring a subject of the state List as subject of national importance.
(b) Art 319 of the constitution empowers the Rajya Sabha to create one or more new All India Service if it adopts a resolution supported by 2/3 majority on the paleo of national interest.
(c) In case the Lok Sabha stands dissolved the Rajya Sabha is competent to exercise a democratic check on the exercise of the emergency powers of the president.
(d) The Rajya Sabha alone is competent to initiate a proposal for removing the Vice- president of India.
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