Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi is a highly respected writer of Hindi literature. His articles have been a guide to life, historical vision and philosophy of ideal literature. Article is a reflection of his talent. He was an accomplished knowledge of Indian literature, culture and philosophy, a great thinker and an accomplished speaker. He enriched the beautiful Hindi essay tradition and gave a new liberal and mental perspective to the Hindi surveyor.
Acharya Dwivedi’s personality is versatile. He is a famous name in Hindi literature History – After making his literary debut as a writer, he has gained popularity as a successful critic, renowned essayist, novelist and successful speaker and teacher. No other prose writer today has created literature on such a surface.
Biography of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
|Name||Hazari Prasad Dwivedi|
|Date of Birth||August 19, 1907|
|Place of Birth||Ballia United provinces of Agra|
|Father’s Name||Pandit Anmol Dwivedi.|
|Occupation||Writer, essayist, scholar, historian, novelist, critic|
|Died||19 May 1979|
Early Life of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was a Hindi original essayist, an outstanding critic and a prominent novelist of cultural ideals. Acharya Hazari Prasad was born on August 19, 1907 in a village called ‘Dube-Ka-Chhapra’ in Ballia district. His family was famous for astrology. His father Pandit Anmol Dwivedi was a learned Sanskrit scholar. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi’s early education was in the village school and from there he passed the middle examination. After completing his intermediate, he also studied Jyotishi (astrology) and Sanskrit at a traditional school to qualify for ‘Acharya’ degree in astrology and ‘Shastri’ degree in Sanskrit and passed the Acharya test by taking inter-examination and astrology subjects.
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Education of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi completed his early education from his village school, after which Dwivediji gave a middle school examination in 1920 and got the first position in it.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was born into a Brahmin family, his family was the family of an astrologer and was famous in astrology and his father was a Brahmin and worked as a Brahmin.
After his education, Dwivediji went to Shantiniketan and worked in the Hindi department there for many years. In Shantiniketan, under the influence of Rabindranath Thakur and Acharya Kshitimohan Sen, He started deep study and formation of literature. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi’s personality was very influential and his nature was very simple and generous.
Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was a scholar of Hindi, English, Sanskrit and Bengali languages. He had a good knowledge of devotional literature. He was given the title D.Lit. by Lucknow University. He received a special honour with this title.
Apart from Hindi, he was knowledgeable about many languages including Sanskrit, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Pali, Prakrit He penned numerous novels, collections of essays, historical research on medieval religious movements of India especially Kabir and Natha Sampradaya, and historical outlines of Hindi literature. Medieval saint Kabir’s thoughts, deeds and his research on sage are considered to be excellent works.
Career of Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Dwivediji has held many important positions in his life. After studying, in 1930, he joined Visva Bharati. He taught Sanskrit and Hindi, and was engaged in research and creative writing. He stayed in Shantiniketan for two decades. He was the chairman of the Hindi department of institutions like Shantiniketan, Kashi Hindu University and Punjab. He helped to found the Hindi Bhavana and was its head for many years.
He became a National Granth member in 1958 and became vice president of Kashi Nagari Pracharini Sabha, director of investigation department and editor of Nagari Pracharini for many years. Then, from 1960 to 1966, he was professor and Head of its Hindi department of Punjab University, Chandigarh. After that, he took charge of various schemes of the Government of India.
Literary Life of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivediji was a great talented man from birth and was born into a Brahmin family. Dwivediji had a greater interest in Hindi literature, so he wrote many articles in Hindi and made a special contribution to Hindi literature.
More interested in literature and after going to Shantiniketan Ashram he studied Bengali literature in collaboration with Rabindranath Thakur and other prominent figures of Bengali literature and wrote articles as per instructions. Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has been highly critical of Kabir Das, Tulsidas, other poets and have also written about them in the articles. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has written all the articles after many studies, their articles have got information about their ideas. Dwivedi has written, researched and criticized high quality articles.
He left Shantiniketan in 1950 and became Reader in the Hindi Department at the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, where Dr. Jagannath Prasad Sharma was the professor and head of the department. Dwivediji served there till 1960. While in this position, he was also appointed a Member of the first Official Language Commission set up in 1955 by Indian Government.
The topics of Dwivediji’s articles are Indian culture, history, astrology, literature etc. From the point of view of classification, Dwivediji’s articles can be divided into two parts – thoughtful and important. There are two categories of thought-provoking articles. Philosophical elements are preferred in first class articles. Second class articles are related to social life. Important articles can also be divided into two categories. In the first class, there are articles which are discussed from different part-classical perspectives of literature and in the second class there are articles where the works of the writers are critically considered. Dwivediji’s articles have the depth of ideas, novelty of observation and subtlety of analysis.
Composition of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Ashok ke phool, Kutaj, Alok Parva (Collection), Kalpalata, Nakhoon Kyu Barahte Hain (Why do the nails grow)
Sahitya Sur – Sahitya, Kabiar, Sahitya – Sahachar etc.
Hindi – Sahitya ki Bhumika, Hindi – Sahitya (Literature), Hindi – Sahitya ka Adikala etc.
Banabhatt Ki Aatmakatha, Charu-Chandra-Lekha, Punarnava
Prabandha Chintamani, Puratan Prabandha Sangraha, Vishva Parichay, Lal Kaner, Mouthi mar thi hoa mara, Mera Bachpan etc.
Hazari Prasadji’s language is very simple and charming in all his works. The works he has written are a lot of joy and enthusiasm. Dwivediji has also written articles in Sanskrit, Bengali and Urdu language Hindi and English languages and used many languages in his article. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has criticized many poets in the Middle Ages and expressed his views.
Place in Hindi Literature
Dr. Hazariprasad Dwivedi’s works are an eternal treasure of Hindi literature. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was a serious scholar, just like a great man – Fine and creative, the best– Just like a tireless transcendental researcher, Great – Bright – Liberal Humanitarian. The discussion of literature, culture, art, form, and folklore is incomplete without mentioning Acharya Dwivedi.
In Hindi literature, Acharya Dwivedi is named as the inspiring and established creator of beauty. His articles and criticisms reflect a high level of thinking. In Hindi – Literature – He is known as a scholar, critic, essayist, author. In fact, he was a great writer. Acharya Dwivedi ji has a special place in modern-day prose writers. Hazari Prasad Dwivediji’s name will always be remembered among modern-era writers.
Titles honours and awards received
Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivediji was honoured with the Padma Bhushan award by the President in 1957, which Dwivediji was very happy to receive.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji was awarded the Sahitya Akademy Award in 1973, he studied astrology in depth and had a very good knowledge of devotional literature and Dwivediji did a lot of research here and wrote his articles.
Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi died of a brain tumor on May 19, 1979.
1. Who was Hazari Prasad Dwivedi?
Ans: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was a Hindi novelist, literary historian, critic and scholar.
2. When and where was Hazari Prasad Dwivediji born?
Ans: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was born on August 19, 1907 in a village called ‘Dubey-Ka-Chhapra’ in Ballia district.
3. What was the name of Dwived’s Father and Mother?
Ans: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Father and Mother’s name was – Anmol Dwivedi and Jyotishmati.
4. When did Hazari Prasad Dwivediji died?
Ans: Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi died on May 19, 1979.
5. Who composed “Ashok Ke Phool”?
Ans: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi.
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