Sumitranandan Pant – Indian Poet

Across India, there are so far many poets who have made significant contributions to Hindi literature.  But the great poet Sumitranandan Pant is considered to be a poet without whom the development of Hindi literature is considered incomplete. Sumitranandan Pant was a great poet of Hindi literature. He made a significant contribution to the development of Hindi literature. Pant is a very big-hearted man. People say Hindi literature cannot be imagined without the great writer Sumitranandan Pant.

Biography of Sumitranandan Pant

Biography of Sumitranandan Pant

Join Telegram channel

Table of Contents

NameSumitranandan Pant[1]
Real NameGohain Dutta
Date of Birth20 May 1900
Place of BirthKausani, Almora, India
Father’s NameGanga Dutta
Mother’s NameSaraswati Devi
DeathDecember 28, 1977
AwardPadma Bhushan (1961), Jnanpith (1968), Sahitya Akademi

Early Life and Education of Sumitranandan Pant

Sumitranandan Pant was born on May 20, 1900 in Kausani village in Almora district. Which is located in Uttarakhand. His father’s name was Ganga Dutta Pant and his mother’s name was Saraswati Devi. His father served as the manager of a local tea garden, and was also a landholder. His mother died shortly after his birth. He was brought up by his grandmother. He was the youngest of seven of their siblings. In his childhood, he was named Gohain Dutta. He didn’t like the name, so he changed his name to Sumitranandan Pant. At the age of seven, Pant started writing poems.

Pant completed his early education from Almora and moved to Banaras to attend high school with his brother. While he was studying in Queen’s College in Banaras in 1918, he began reading the works of Sarojini Naidu and Rabindranath Tagore as well as English Romantic poets. In 1919 he moved to Allahabad to study at Muir College and graduated from the Allahabad University. During the Satyagraha movement, Kavi Pant had left his studies and went to the movement to support Mahatma Gandhi. He could never continue his studies again, but at home he continued to study Hindi, Sanskrit and Bengali literature.

By about 1918 he was recognized as the leading poet of the new genre of Hindi. His famous poetry collection “Pallav” was published in 1926-27. This collection established him as a literary giant of the Hindi renaissance that had begun with Jaishankar Prasad. After some time he came to Almora. Where he was influenced by Karl Marx and Freud’s ideals. In 1938, he started a monthly letter called “Rupav”. He joined All India Radio from 1955 to 1962 and served as the chief producer.

Also Read: Biography of Sudama Pandey

Sumitranandan Pant’s personal life

So far there is no specific information about Sumitranandan Pant’s wife, though many historians assume that Pant’s wife’s name was Indumati, but there is no complete information whether it is truth or not .

The Progressive Life of Sumitranandan Pant

Sumitranandan Pant moved to Pratapgarh in 1931 with Konwar Suresh Singh. After moving to Pratapgarh, Sumitranandan Pantji was there for many years. As you were told, Sumitranandan Pantji edited a monthly magazine in 1938, Which was called Rupav.

Literary life of Sumitranandan Pant

Sumitranandan Pant was very interested in literature from an early age and started writing from the age of 7. He started growing his name in his work from childhood and with the same ideals of Sumitranandan Pant in mind, Many people today have chosen writing inspired by Pant. Pant is considered one of the major poets of the Chhayavaadi school of Hindi literature.

Pant has been through a lot of economic slowdowns in his early days. But he never left his job and always worked and today you can all see his achievements. Pant wrote mostly in Sanskrit. Apart from Chhayavaadi poems, he also wrote progressive, socialist, humanist poems and philosophical poems.

The great poet Sumitranandan Pant showed beautiful pictures of nature and beauty in his early poems, On the contrary, in his poems in the second phase, He showed subtle ideas of shadowism and very impressive emotions and in his final stages he also showed the idea of progressivism and thought-provoking progressist and reform of society. Pant authored twenty-eight published works including poetry, verse plays and essays.

Sumitranandan Pant’s Award and Achievements

Sumitranandan Pant edited many types of magazines and he also wrote a variety of poems in his magazines for which he was awarded a variety of awards. Pant was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1961, Jnanpith in 1968 for the collection of his most famous poems titled Chidambara. He was honoured with high ranking awards like Sahitya Akademi and Soviet Bhumi Nehru Award etc. Pant received the Sahitya Akademi Award given by India’s Academy of Letters, for Kala Aur Budhdha Chand.

Sumitranandan Pant was such a great poet that the house where Pant was born and spent his childhood was converted into a museum in memory of Sumitranandan Pantji.

The museum has some personal items of Sumitranandan Pant such as clothes he uses, original manuscripts of poems, awards, photographs, letters, books, stories etc. There is also a library in the name of Sumitranandan Pant and this library is built in this museum. In these libraries, you will find a collection of personalities of Sumitranandan Pantaji and books related to him.

In this museum, a day is celebrated every year in memory of Pant, which is called Pant Lecture. Elephant Park in Allahabad city was converted into Sumitranandan Pant Park.

Sumitranandan Pant’s place in Hindi literature

Pant was a worshiper of beauty. His poetic life began with the depiction of nature. In his images of nature and human emotions, there is a gentleness of imagination and emotion.

That is why he is called the poet of nature with mild emotion. Pant’s entire poetic literature is a symbol of consciousness, including religion, morality, sociality, materiality, spirituality.

Sumitranandan Pant’s Language Style

Pant’s language style was very simple. Influenced by Bengali and English languages, he adopted lyrical style. Simplicity, painting, tenderness and music are the main features of his style.


On December 28, 1977, the great Poet of Hindi literature Sumitranandan Pant died in Sangam city of Allahabad. Sumitranandan Pant is considered to be the leading poet of the era of modern Hindi literature.


1. What was the Sumitranandan Panta’s childhood name?

Ans: Sumitranandan Pantji’s childhood name was Gohain Dutta.

2. What is the name of Pant’s father?

Ans: Sumitranandan Pant’s father’s name was Ganga Dutta Pant.

3. What was Sumitranandan Pantji’s mother’s name?

Ans: The mother’s name of Pant was Saraswati Devi.

4. Where was Sumitranandan Pantji’s resident?

Ans: Sumitranandan Pantji was a resident of Almora district of Uttarakhand.

5. In which year was Sumitranandan Pantji born?

Ans: Sumitranandan was born on May 20, 1900.

6. Which magazine was edited by Sumitranandan Pant in 1938?

Ans: In 1938, Sumitranandan Pantji edited a magazine called Rupav.

7. When and where did Sumitranandan Pant died?

Ans: Sumitranandan Pant, the great poet of Hindi literature, died in Sangam city of Allahabad on December 28, 1977.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top