Environmental Microbiology of Aquatic and Waste Systems

Environmental Microbiology of Aquatic and Waste Systems This book is a result of the course on environmental microbiology that I taught at the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA. The book seeks to place the main actors in matters of environmental microbiology, namely, the microorganisms, on center stage.

Environmental Microbiology of Aquatic and Waste Systems

Environmental Microbiology of Aquatic and Waste Systems

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Many first-degree courses in microbiology do not cover the detailed taxonomy of microorganisms, which facilitates their being pigeonholed into specific taxonomic niches in the environment. Because of this, the book looks, as much as possible, at the biology, especially the taxonomy, of the microorganisms.

To this end, the taxonomy of not only bacteria and fungi, but also protozoa, algae, viruses, and even the smaller microorganisms, such as nematodes and rotifers, which are usually associated with microorganisms in aquatic and waste environments, are also looked at.

Viruses are given special attention because, until recently, it was thought they were not important in aquatic environments; the modern understanding is that they are not only abundant but play a crucial role in the sustenance of the various components of the biological ecosystem in aquatic environments.

The book will be useful to a wide range of undergraduates and beginning graduate students in microbiology, general biology, aquatic science, public health, and civil (sanitary) engineering. Practitioners in sanitary engineering and public health will also find it of interest.


The water molecule is composed of two hydrogen atoms attached to an oxygen atom with a V-shape formation and an angle of 105° between the hydrogen atoms.

It has a slightly negative charge at the oxygen end and a slightly positive charge at the hydrogen end. This makes the water molecule polar, i.e., having poles like a magnet.

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