Kedarnath Agarwal is a prominent poet of progressive poetic genre. Kedarnath Agarwal has expressed the deep and widespread sensitivity of the lives of the people as the basis of life as the basis of Marxist philosophy. Poet Kedarnath’s popular writings are entirely an invaluable contribution to Hindi literature in India. His poems have the tone of fragrance and faith of the country of India.
Biography of Kedarnath Agarwal
|Date of Birth||1 April, 1911|
|Place of Birth||Kamasin, Banda district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Father’s Name||Hanuman Prasad Gupta|
|Mother’s Name||Ghasiti Devi|
|Death||22 June 2000|
|Awards and honours||1. Soviet Land Nehru Award in 1973.|
2. Sahitya Akademi Award in 1986
3. Bundelkhand university-honorary doctorate in literature (D.Litt.)
4. Hindi Sansthan Uttar Pradesh Puraskar in 1981
5. Tulsi Puraskar in 1986
6. Mythili Sharan Gupta Award (1990-91)
7. Sahitya Vachaspati Manad Upaadhi (1990)
Early Life of Kedarnath Agarwal
Kedarnath Agarwal was born on April 1,1911 to a middle class family in Kamasin village in Banda district in Uttar Pradesh. His father’s name was Hanuman Prasad Agarwal and his mother’s name was Ghasiti Devi. His father himself was a poet and one of his poetry collections was also published under the name ‘Madhurim’. Kedarnathji got the poetic knowledge from his father. He completed his education in his village Kamasin. He was studying in class VII when he got married to Parvati, a daughter of a wealthy family in Nayani (Allahabad), After marriage, he was educated in Allahabad.
After completing the inter-study, Kedarnath Agarwal enrolled in Allahabad University for BA education. After that, he stayed with his uncle Babu Mukund Lal for some time and started practicing advocate from 1963 to 1970.
Also Read: Biography of Jaishankar Prasad
Literary life of Kedarnath Agarwal
Kedarnathji had a deep connection with Allahabad. He studied in Allahabad and started writing poems. All his main works were produced from Parimal Publications in Allahabad. And his first collection of poems “Phool nahin Rang Bolte Hain” published in Parimal. After some time, he started practicing with his uncle Babu Mukund Lal and remained a public prosecutor from 1963 to 1970.
The freedom movement was going on at a full speed when poetry was created by Kedarji’s writings. This was the same time where the socio-economic situation gave rise to a new middle class. The economic condition of the country was not satisfactory. Because of the principle of exploitation of British rulers, many ironic situations existed. When Kedarji started his writings, progressive consciousness for the progressive movement emerged almost on the same day. In 1936, a conference of the Progressive Writers Association chaired by Prem Chand was also held in Lucknow.
Kedarji’s poetic journey begins around in1930. The scholars are of the opinion that his poems of that time were focused on love and beauty. Ashok Tripathi has considered them as “poems of an emotional nature only”.
Kedarnath Agarwalji has gained a lot of fame in the progressive poet category. Apart from poetry he showed interest in writing, but he is well known as a poetic initiator. His two and a half dozen works include 23 collections of poems, a collection of translated poems, three essay collections, a novel, a travelogue, an interview collection and a letter collection.
Kedarnath Agarwal was the last proud pillar of Hindi progressive poetry. Kedarnath Agarwal is the most different of poets who have given a strong voice to the rural environment and traditional life. Kedarji has developed the need by giving new meaning to ancient symbols. Agarwalji is a prominent progressive thinker who focuses on knowledge and personality. Kedarnath Agarwal is a poet who is generally a proponent of sensitive human sensitivity, progressive consciousness and social development.
He is associated with the democratic spirit of poetry because they are sensitive without focusing on art. In Yug Ki Ganga, he said, “Now Hindi poetry is thirsty for taste, not interested in ‘ornaments’ or interested in ragas.” His poetry has a lot of eloquence and tone as well as deep sensitivity.
Compositions of Kedarnath Agarwal
Some of the Published books of Kedarnath Agarwal are as follows:
‘Yug Ki Ganga’, Neend Ke Badal’, ‘Lok Aur Alok’, ‘Phool nahin Rang Bolte Hain’, ‘Aag Ka Aayeena’, ‘Bambay ka Raktasnan’, ‘Gulmehndi’, ‘Pankh Aur Patwar’, ‘He Meri Tum’, ‘Apoorva’, ‘Bole Bol Abol’, ‘Jo Shilayein Todte Hain’, ‘Aatma Gandhi’, ‘Anhari Haryali’, ‘Khuli Aankheinn Khuli Daine’. etc.
Samay Samay Par (1970), Vichar Bodh (1980), Vivek Viveshan (1980)
Kedarnath Agarwal’s firm foundation of progress is the hardworking people of India, Marxist philosophy brings his love for the people. People incited faith in their struggles and future. So he criticized the British or Congress rulers and offered brutal atrocities on the people and the hard struggle of the people. For this reason, where his political poems are written for publicity purposes, the theory is no longer an abstract or mere statement. But the biggest result is that after independence, though many progressive writers went to join hands with the ‘Congress ‘ ‘innovation’ for fear of repression, Kedarnath Agarwal was among the writers who expressed the attitude towards the people. All these situations from the side, he was addressing the public and speaking out, since Kedarnath Agarwal has deep faith in Marxism and hardworking people.
Kedarnathji has used simple and common language in his poetry, however, his expression is very effective. He describes the real situations of the day by adopting a practical language made up of the rural conversation. Like other progressive poets, he spoke of stupidity, diverse lives, aesthetic consciousness and labour of the people without giving importance to folklore. He adopted a musical language with a deep sense of sensation. Kedar, who described the labour, beauty and diversity of people’s lives, was a different face in Hindi progressive poetry. As a style, he have preferred the free style.
Among the Hindi poets of modern times, Shri Kedarnath Agarwalji was a poet who portrayed the love of human beings, love of nature as well as social environment in his poems. The sun, the river, the mountains, the neem, the mango tree, the wind, all made him the subject of writing his poems. Kedarnathji was a simple, easy and lively practical person. He died on June 22 2000. Even today he is immense lying among us through his creation.
1. When and where was Kedarnath Agarwal born?
Ans: Kedarnath Agarwal, the leading poet of progressive poetic genre, was born on April 1, 1911 in Kamasin village of Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. He was a poet who built nature and humanity.
2. Name some of the publications of Kedarnath Agarwal?
Ans: Some of the publications of Kedarnath Agarwal are – ‘Lok Aur Alok’, ‘Phool nahin Rang Bolte Hain’, ‘Aag Ka Aayeena’, ‘Bambay ka Raktasnan’, ‘Gulmehndi’, ‘Pankh Aur Patwar’ etc.
3. What did Kedarnath Agarwal was affectionately called by the peoples?
Ans: Prayag’s deep connection with the literary environment can be gauged from the fact that all his important works were from Parimal Publications in Allahabad. Publisher Shiva Kumar Saha considered him a ‘father’ and affectionately called him ‘Babuji’.
4. Why is Kedarnath Agarwal called as a poet of farmers life?
Ans: Kedarnath Agarwal is a collaborative and committed poet to farmers. He is a democratic poet who decides the role of the people on the basis of democracy. He have unwavering faith in peoples. The deepest expression of the reality of the people is made by the poet through the hardworking masses in his poems.
5. When did Kedarnath Agarwal die?
Ans: Kedarnath Agarwal died on June 22 2000.
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