NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy

NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Psychology Notes Paper 328.

NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Psychology Chapter 24 Psychotherapy, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Psychology Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.


Chapter: 24


Intext Questions & Answers

Q.1. Fill in the blanks below:

1. The therapeutic approaches used in the medical model are called _____________ therapy. 

Ans. somatic.

2. The three major somatic therapies currently used are _____________ , _____________  and _____________.

Ans. chemotherapy, electro convulsive therapy (ECT) and psychosurgery.

3. _____________  are mainly used to treat schizophrenia.

Ans. Neuroleptics.

4. For treatment of depression _____________  are used.

Ans. electro convulsive therapy (ECT).

5. Anxiolic drugs are mainly used in _____________ disorders.

Ans.: anxiety.

Q.2. Fill in the blanks below:

(i) The approach most widely used in psychoanalysis is a technique called free _____________.

Ans.: association.

Terminal Exercises

1. Describe the basic goal and process of psychoanalysis.

Ans. Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic model looks at mental disorders as caused by internal, psychological factors. which are basically unresolved, unconscious, childhood conflicts. Therapy in this model is referred to as psychoanalysis. The purpose of psychoanalysis is to understand the unconscious conflicts which are responsible for a person’s mental disorder, and then to make the person consciously aware of it. This allows the person to deal more effectively with his or her problems.

The approach most widely used in psycho-analysis is a technique called free association. The basic procedure is that the patient says whatever comes to mind, since this bypasses the ego’s role of censoring or blocking threatening unconscious impulses. The ultimate goal of psychoanalysis is major modification of personality to enable people to deal with problems in a realistic way, without using defence mechanisms. Sometimes, hypnosis and dream interpretation are also used to help the therapeutic process.

2. What is the basic approach used in humanistic psychotherapy?

Ans. According to the humanistic view of personality, people are fundamentally good and seek growth and work towards better ways of living. All people have a need for self respect and to shape their life according to free choice. Humans are special because they have a free will and a natural need to do all they are capable of. The need to actualize one’s is called the basic human drive towards self actualization.

In the humanistic view, psychological disorders are seen as occurring because the external environment blocks us from moving in the direction of personal growth. People around us are pressured by their expectations from us, they do not accept us as we are. If everyone around us gives us unconditional positive regard there would be hardly any gap between what we are and what we desire to be. This means there would be little gap between the real self and the ideal self. This leads to greater harmony in our functioning, termed as congruence.

The goal of humanistic therapy is that the therapist, by creating an environment of unconditional positive regard, allows the client to get in touch with his or her true feelings and inner self. Then the client has to take responsibility and live more in accordance with the strivings of the inner self. This eventually leads to growth and greater life satisfaction.

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