NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver

NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse through different chapters NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver and select need one. NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 10 Entrepreneurship Notes Paper 249.

NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver

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Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 10 Entrepreneurship Chapter 6 Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver, NIOS Secondary Course Entrepreneurship Solutions for All Chapters, You can practice these here.

Entrepreneur as an innovator and problem solver

Chapter: 6

Intext Questions 6.1

(A) State whether True or False: 

(i) Social entrepreneurs work for profits. 

Ans: False.

(ii) Commercial entrepreneur is a transactional leader. 

Ans: True.

(B) Fill in the blanks: 

(i) ………………… entrepreneurs create monetary value and increase personal wealth. 

Ans: Commercial.

(ii) ………………… entrepreneurs provide long-term solutions for social issues.

Ans: Social.

Intext Questions 6.2

Choose the correct option: 

(i) Jaipur Foot provides: 

(a) Prosthetic by. 

(b) Artificial limbs. 

(c) Calipers. 

(d) All of the above. 

Ans: (d) All of the above.

(ii) eKutir provides a platform to: 

(a) Farmers. 

(b) Women weavers. 

(c) Street vendors. 

(d) People below poverty line.

Ans: (a) Farmers.

Intext Questions 6.3

I. State whether the following statements are true or false: 

(i) Ekal curriculum covers science and technology. 

Ans: False.

(ii) D. R. Mehta innovated the production of biogas by linking Sulabh tilets to fermentation plants. 

Ans: False.

(iii) Sulabh sanitation movement ensures cleanliness and prevents greenhouse gas emission. 

Ans: True.

II. Fill in the blanks: 

(i)  ___________________Model is an informal model of education. 

Ans: Ekal Vidyalaya.

(ii) Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak’s technology is now known as the _______________________. 

Ans: Subha Shauchalaya system.

Intext Questions 6.4

I. Fill in the blanks: 

(i) _________________ has now started operating in United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. 

Ans:Ola Cabs.

(ii) ______________________________ works towards the development of khadi industry in India. 

Ans: Khadi village and Industries Commission (KVIC).

(iii) _________________ is a leading global technology services company.

Ans: Infosys.

Terminal Questions

1. Define social entrepreneurs and explain their characteristics. 

Ans: A social entrepreneur is an individual or organisation that applies entrepreneurial principles and practices to address social, cultural, or environmental issues. Unlike traditional entrepreneurs who primarily focus on generating profits, social entrepreneurs prioritise creating positive social impact as their main goal.

Some qualities shared by social entrepreneurs are: 

(i) Ambitious: Social entrepreneurs are highly ambitious and they do not accept status quo i.e. accepting the world as it is. They have the urge to find solutions to social problems and needs. 

(ii) Social Catalysts: Social entrepreneurs are aware of the problems of society and they look for opportunities to solve these problems. They act as change agents for society. 

(iii) Innovative: Innovation involves solving problems. Social entrepreneurs have contributed in numerous fields like education, health, environment and sanitation by finding valuable solutions for problems faced by the society. 

(iv) Focus on Creating Social Value: They are highly motivated to create social value and not work for personal monetary gains. 

(v) Resourceful: They not only make use of readily available local skills, tools and resources to solve local issues, but also actively collaborate with others. 

(vi) Accountable: They are not satisfied with short-run solutions. They feel accountable towards their beneficiaries; therefore, through hard work, they provide long-term systematic solutions. 

2. How are social entrepreneurs different from commercial entrepreneurs? 


FactorsSocial EntrepreneurTraditional/Commercial Entrepreneur
ObjectiveIdentify and address long-term social issues.Identify and address unfulfilled market gaps.
Driving forceCreate social value and bring positive change in society.Create monetary value and increase personal wealth.
Resources usedUse local resources, tools and skills to provide innovative solutions for social problems.Use all available resources and innovative ideas to establish business.
ImpactChange agent and transformational leader.Transactional leader.
Measurement of successIn terms of effect on improvement in social issues.In terms of financial indicators.
OutcomesLong term sustainable solutions for societal problems.Customer satisfaction, brand image and profit.

3. Name two entrepreneurs who have worked for a social cause. Give reasons for naming them. Explain how they have improved the lives of people.

Ans: The two entrepreneurs who have worked for a social cause are:

(i) In 1973, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak founder Sulabh International as a social service organisation which promotes human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education.

Sulabh Shauchalaya generates around Rs 500 crore every year. Sulabh International maintains around 8,500 public toilets with the help of 50,000 employees. Over 10 lakh manual scavengers have been connected to the mainstream by jobs at Sulabh Shauchalaya, and their children have been provided education for a better future. He has also innovated the production of biogas by linking Sulabh toilets to fermentation plants that he designed over three decades ago. His vision is now becoming a byword for sanitation in developing countries all over the world. One of the distinctive features of Dr. Pathak’s project lies in the fact that besides producing odour-free bio-gas, it also releases clean water, rich in phosphorus and other ingredients which are important constituents of organic manure. His sanitation movement ensures cleanliness and prevents greenhouse gas emission. He has also contributed to verticals like bio-energy and bio-fertiliser, liquid and solid waste management, poverty alleviation and integrated rehabilitation programme for liberated scavengers.

A Padma Bhushan recipient, Dr. Pathak has won several domestic and international awards like the Legend of Planet Award from the French Senate in Paris, ahead of World Environment Day, 2013. The UNDP Human Development Report, 2003 has recommended the use of Sulabh Technology to 2.6 billion people in the world, especially in developing countries, who have no hygienic toilets in their houses.

(ii) Rakesh Kumar Popli, Rajneesh Arora, Mahesh Sharma and Ashok Bhagat from BHU visited Bishanpur in Gumla district in the year 1983 and conducted a study to analyse the tribal area. The study concluded that certain issues such as education, health, gender and economic disparities were a matter of deep concern. Rakesh Popli along with Rajneesh Arora started working on addressing the educational needs of the area and finally came up with informal methods of teaching to local communities and children. Thus, the foundation of experimentation of single teacher schools was laid.

The concept of One Teacher School evolved through the experience of imparting education in Gumla district in Jharkhand and night schools in Orissa. The concept was formally conceived in Gumla in June 1986 in a seminar that was organised to find out the way-out to illiteracy in tribal villages. Health care education, Empowerment education, Development education and Ethics & Value education works with the primary objective of ensuring functional literacy among the children of the village. Ekal Vidyalaya also runs awareness campaigns on issues of national importance so as to aware village community about different government welfare schemes available with respect to RTI, Tree plantation, Bank Accounts, cleanliness etc. 

Reason for naming them because they believed that change is possible through active participation of local communities and education can be the medium to bring that change in the far-flung parts of the country.  

4. Name any one entrepreneur and discuss their contribution in the field.

Ans: N.R. Narayana Murthy, the founder of Infosys, is often referred to as the father of Indian Information Technology. In 1981, Murthy founded Infosys along with five friends who were also software professionals like him. Today, Infosys is a leading global technology services company which provides end-to-end business solutions that leverage technology for clients across the entire software life cycle. Infosys pioneered and perfected Global Design Model (GDM) for outsourcing Information Technology (IT) services from India and it changed the way traditional business models worked in the IT industry. 

The company’s focus on education, healthcare, rural development, and destitute care has helped to improve the lives of millions of people. From helping communities affected by natural disasters, constructing toilets and building libraries for village schools, providing succour to Devadasi women, to donating funds for cancer treatment, scientific research and mid-day meals – if there is a worthy cause in sight, the Foundation is always there to support it.

Narayan Murthy is the recipient of India’s most prestigious awards, Padma Vibhushan (2008) and Padma Shri (2000). According to him, honesty, transparency and moral integrity are the hallmarks of long-term success and the working of Infosys is based on this ideology. Infosys has also set new standards in good governance, corporate governance and morality.

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