SCERT Class 10 Social Political Science Unit 1 Indian Democracy The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board SCERT Class 10 Social Political Science Unit 1 Indian Democracy and select needs one.
SCERT Class 10 Social Political Science Unit 1 Indian Democracy
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VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
Q 1. Which political party won the election held in 1945 in England?
Ans: The Labour party.
Q 2. When did the “Cabinet Mission” Come to india ?
Ans: March 1946
Q 3. Who was the first chairman of the constitution Assembly ?
Ans: Dr Sacchindanada Sinha.
Q 4. Who was the president of the Drafting Committee of Indian
Ans: The Chairman was Dr B.R. Ambedkar.( There was no president of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution).
Q 5. Which constitutional amendment, the words ” Socialist” and ” Secular” were incorporated in the ” preamble”?
Ans: In the 42n constitutional amendment.
Q 6. From which Latin words has been the English word “Federation” derived?
Ans: ” Foedus”.
Q7. Which country is regarded as the “Homeland” of the federation?
Ans: United States of America (USA)
Q 8. Is there Dual citizenship system in India?
Q 9. From which country’s constitution has been the concept of India’s parliamentary democracy followed?
Ans: From the constitution of England.
SHORT ANSWERS QUESTIONS:
Q 1. Why did the British government send The Cabinet Mission to India?
Ans: The British government send the Cabinet Mission to India to:
(i) from a congenial environment;
(ii) make necessary arrangements for farming a new construction for India.
Q 2. According to which Act, India’s administration was governed between 15Agust,1947 to 26 January, 1950 and who enacted this act?
Ans: India’s administration was governed according to the provisions of the Govt.
of India Act, 1935 between 15Agust 1947to 26 January
1950.The Govt. Of India Act was enacted by the parliament of England.
Q 3. Why have the words “We the people of India” been incorporated in the preamble?
Ans: The Words “we the people of India” been incorporated in the preamble to emphasize the fact that the actual authority of India Constitution is in the hands of the Indian people and belongs solely to them , and they are major force behind the making of the Indian Constitution.
Q 4. What is meant by the term sovereign?
Ans: The term of ‘ sovereign’ means that the people have supreme and absolute right to make decisions in internal as well as external matters.
Q 5. According to which constitutional amendment the two words “socialist” and “Secular” have been
incorporated, in the preamble and in which year?
Ans: According to the 42nd constitutional amendment, the two words ” Socialist” and ” Secular” have been incorporated in the preamble. This amendment was made on 18th December 1976.
Q 6. What is meant by “Quasi- federal state “?
Ans: A state with the system of governance in which feature of both the federal and unitary from of government are incorporated in the preamble. This amendment was made on 18th December 1976.
Q 7. Which Indian Act had introduce limited parliamentary democracy in per- independence period?
Ans: The Govt. Of India Act, 1935 had introduce limited parliamentary democracy in per-independence period.
LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS:
Q 1. Discuss how the ideals of the Indian constitution have been manifested in its preamble.
Ans: preamble is the preface to the Continents of India that highlight the aims , objectives, principales, ideas and philosophy introduced or sought to acquire by means of law. It is also regarded as the soul, conscience, threshold and key of the Indian Constitution. It reflects the inner spirit of the Constitution.Each words in the preamble bears ideals , philosophy and Objectives of the constitution.
The very beginning words of the preamble ” we the people of India” reflect the ideal that the actual authority of the constitution are the citizens of India themselves, and they primary force behind farming of the Constitution.
The preamble also says that India will be a sovereign, socialist , secular, demoratic and republic nation. Each of these words reflect the ideals of Constitution.
Further the preamble mentions that justice, liberty, equality and fraternity will be established in India . These words too further emphasise the ideals and objectives of the Constitution. Thu the ideals of the Indian Constitution haven been manifested in each and every words of the preamble.
Q 2. Write in detail about what is meant by sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic and republic.
Ans: The meaning of the following terms is described as:
(i) Sovereign: India is a sovereign state. She is free from any external power or rule. All the decisions pertaining to internal as well as external matters of the state can be independently taken by her people.
(ii) Socialist: India is a socialist state. The term was included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. It tells that wealth and resources should be equally shared among the countrymen. The government should enact laws to avoid getting resources concentrated in the hands of a few people. There should not be inequality among the people in accordance to their income, status and standard of living.
(iii) Secular: India is a secular state. The term was included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976.It states that India has no State religion. All citizens have the right to accept, practice and spread any religion of their choice.
(iv) Democratic: India is a democratic state. As a democratic state, India is governed by the people’s elected representative. As a democratic country, every citizen has the right to vote and can take part in the election process.
(v) Republic: India is the republic. When the head of the state is elected and the post is not hereditary, it is known as a Republic. The elected representative elect the president of India for a period of period of five years.
Q 3. Discuss the objective resolution put forward by pandit Nehru in relation to the Indian Constitution.
Ans: The objective resolution put forward by pandit Nehru in relation to the Indian Constitution are:
(i) The Constitution Assembly would declare India as an Independent Sovereign Republic ( The term ‘ Independent’ was removed subsequently).
(ii) To constitute a union of state with the British- ruled Indian territory and the erstwhile princely kingdom ready to join the Indian territory.
(iii) To duly recognise social, economic and political justice, equality, religious liberty, freedom of expressing thought and opinion of the Indian people.
(iv) To frame measures for protecting the internets of the schedule castes, schedule tribes, backward classes and the minority people of India .
(v) To emphasise on safeguarding the freedom, sovereignty and integrity of India.
(vi) To extend full cooperation towards international relations, word peace and welfare of the people.
(vii) To ensure that the source of all powers would be the people of India.
(vii) To ensure that the status of the constituent province trough self governance with residuary powers for indigenous princely states willing to join the Indian union.
Q 4. Discuss the characteristics of the Indian federal system.
Ans : The characteristics of the Indian federal system are:
(i) The Indian federal system is a”Quasi federal ” system. It consists of features of both the federal and unitary forms of government.
(ii) There is only one constitution for the whole Indian federation and no separate constitution for each constitute state of India.
(iii) The constitution states of the Indian union have no right to secede from the union.
(iv) Central government is more powerful than the state government as all the important powers have been veste in the Central government by the the constitution.
(v) The governor of a state act as a representative of the central government . His appointment also does not corroborate the federal character of India.
(vi) Single citizenship has been granted in India to ensure sovereignty and integrity of the country.
(vii) Indian federation is the referred to as the ‘ cooperative federation’ as the Indian federal system is dependent on the center- state relationship.
Q 5. Discuss the important characteristics of the parliamentary from of government in India.
Ans : The Indian parliamentary from of government has been created by the Constitution of India taking into consideration the Indian situation and presenting India as a distinguished county in the world. The characteristics of the parliamentary from of government in India are:
(i) The parliament of India is formed with two houses, viz.the Houses of people (Lok sabha) and the council of states (Rajya sabha) .
(ii) The president of India is an important constituent of the Indian parliament.
(iii) The Indian parliament forms a government created by people and is responsible to the people.
(iv) The head of state is an elected representative of the people.
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