NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 26 Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India, Solutions to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 26 Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India and select need one. NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 26 Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India Question Answers Download PDF. NIOS Study Material of Class 12 Geography Notes Paper 316.
NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 26 Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India
Also, you can read the NIOS book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of NIOS All Subject Solutions. Here we have given NIOS Class 12 Geography Chapter 26 Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India, NIOS Senior Secondary Course Geography Solutions for All Chapter, You can practice these here.
Population Density, Distribution And Growth in India
TEXTUAL QUESTION & ANSWER
INTEXT QUESTION 26.1
Q.1. Name three states having a high density of population.
Ans. West Bengal, Kerala, Bihar, U.P punjab, Tamil Nadu and Haryana.
Q.2. Name any three Union Territories in India which fall under the areas of high density of population.
Ans. Delhi, chandigarh and Pondicherry.
Q.3. Name any three states falling under the category of areas of low density of population.
Ans. Sikkim, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh.
Q.4. Name any one Union Territory having a low density of population.
Ans. Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Q.5. Fill in the blanks with most appropriate words given in the brackets.
(a) Areas receiving ample precipitation and having fertile soils are likely to have a_________ density of population. (High, moderate, low)
(b) Areas suffering from droughts and having a rough terrain are likely to have a ________ density of population. (High, moderate, low)
INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.2
Q.1. Tick (✓) mark the most appropriate answers:
(a) The major reason for the high growth rate of population in India is
(i) Rapidly rising birtg rate.
(ii) Rapidly falling death rate.
(iii) High in-migration from outside.
(iv) Very high birth rate and death rate.
Ans. (ii) Rapidly falling death rate.
(b) The growth rate of population in India has been constantly rising right since.
Ans. (ii) 1921.
Q.2. Name the state where the growth rate of population is the highest.
Q.3. Name the state where the growth rate of population is the lowest.
INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.3
Fill in the blanks with suitable words choosing the appropriate words given in the brackets.
(a) Movement of people from one place to another is called ______ (Migration/ transhumance)
(b) Daily movement of people to cities from neighbouring areas is called _______ migration. (diurnal/ seasonal)
(c) Seasonal movement of people with their cattle along some fixed routes is called ________. (trans humance/ seasonal)
Ans. Trans humance.
(d) Due two migration the proportion of the youth in the total population of the source region is likely to _________ (increase/ decline)
(e) The proportion of working population in the areas of immigration is likely to ________. (increase/ decrease)
(f) Migration of the skilled people from the developing countries like India to the developed countries is known as _________. (Emigration/ brain-drain)
(g) Who among the migrants dominant _________. (male/ female)
Q.1. Discuss in brief the distribution of population in India. Outline some of the areas of high, moderate and low density of population.
Ans. The distribution of population in the country is highly uneven. India can be divided into three major regions on the basis of density of population-the areas of high density, the areas of moderate density and the areas of low density.
1. Areas of high density: The areas having a density of population of more than 400 persons per sq/km are called the areas of high density of population. It includes Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and union territory like Delhi, Chandigarh and pondcherry. These regions are highly urbanised.
2. Areas of moderate density: Regions in which the density of population ranges between 100 and 400 persons per sq/km are called areas of moderate density of population. They are Andhra Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and Rajasthan, Tripura etc. This region include largest part of country in terms of area.
3. Areas of low density: Areas having a density of population less than 100 persons per/km. Kilometer may be classified under this category. These region include Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram are characteristic by rough, terrain, heavy rainfall and unhealthy climate.
Q.2. What are the major trends in population growth in India? Discuss the factors responsible for it with suitable example.
Ans. Growth of population in a region depends on fertility, mortality and migration. The growth rate of population may be positive or negative. A positive growth rate of population means over increase in number of people living in a reason where is negative growth rate means declining population. Following table shows the trends in population growth in India.
Population Growth (1901-2001)
|Census year||Population in million||Absolute change in millions||Change in %||Average annual growth in %|
According to the table we will find the absolute population in the beginning of each decade.
In the year 1901 total population of the country was 238 million people. It has risen to 1027.02 million 2001. It represent an increase about 4.3 times since 1901.