English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills Notes, College and University Answer Bank for BA, B.com, Bsc and Post Graduate Notes and Guide Find here, English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills Solutions to each Unit are provided in the list of UG-CBCS Central University & State University Syllabus so that you can easily browse through different College and University Guide and Notes here. English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills Question Answer can be of great value to excel in the examination.
English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills
English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills Notes cover all the exercise questions in UGC Syllabus. The English Communication Unit 2 Speaking Skills provided here ensure a smooth and easy understanding of all the concepts. Understand the concepts behind every Unit and score well in the board exams.
29. If you were interviewing someone about bullying in high school, what six questions would you ask ? If you were interviewing someone about bullying in high school, what six questions would you ask ?
Ans : It depends on whether the interview is of the bully, or the victim, and also what the purpose of the interview is. For example, are you interviewing students in general to determine if bullying is actually taking place? Or, do you want to find out what types of bullying are going on in your high school? Or, do you want to find out what various opinions are on how to stop bullying?
I think the purpose of the interview would determine the kinds of questions, so I will choose one purpose and give you some sample questions. Let’s say you are trying to interview a person who IS a bully. Your purpose is to get that person to realise that he IS a bully and point out to him that his actions are NOT OK and that he is going to be held accountable for them: I would ask things like:
1. Have you thought about how your actions or words could have hurt this person’s feelings?
2. Have you thought about how your actions or words could have harmed this person mentally or physically?
3. What makes you think you have the right to say or do things like this to someone else?
4. How would you feel if this person did or said these things to you?
5. How do you think you could be more sensitive to how your actions are hurting someone else?
6. What do you think your parents will say when I tell them what you have said/done to this person? Will they be proud?
7. Have you considered that just because this person is different from you or has different beliefs, it is not OK to make fun of him/her or say hurtful things?
8. Are you aware of the school’s anti-bullying policies? Do you realise you can be suspended or expelled from school for bullying?
9. Are you aware that the suicide rate for high school students is very high and that many teens commit suicide as a result of bullying? How would you feel if someone you were mean to committed suicide?
10. If your purpose is different than this, the questions must be geared to the purpose.
30. What is Group Discussion ?
Ans: “Group” is a collection of individuals who have regular contact and frequent interaction and who work together to achieve a common set of goals. “Discussion” is the process whereby two or more people exchange information or ideas in a face-to face situation to achieve a goal. The goal, or end product, maybe increased knowledge, agreement leading to action, disagreement leading to competition or resolution or perhaps only a clearing of the air or a continuation of the status-quo.
“Group Discussion”, popularly labelled as GD, is a methodology used by an organisation (company, institute, business school, etc.) to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits. GDs form an important part of the short-listing process for recruitment or admission in a company or institution. In this methodology, the group of candidates is given a topic or a situation, typically given some time to think about the same, and then asked to discuss it among themselves for a specific duration (which may vary from one organisation to another). As in a football game, where you play like a team, passing the ball to each member and aim for a common goal, GD is also based on team work, incorporating views of different members to reach a common goal.
So, a group discussion refers to a communicative situation that allows its participants to share their views and opinions with other participants. It is a systematic exchange of information, views and opinions about a topic, problem, issue or situation among the members of a group who share some common objectives.
31. What is an effective group discussion ?
Ans: The literal definitions of a group discussion is obvious: a critical conversation about a particular topic, or perhaps a range of topics, conducted in a group of a size that allows participation by all members. A group of two or three generally doesn’t need a leader to have a good discussion, but once the number reaches five or six, a leader or facilitator can often be helpful. When the group numbers eight or more, a leader or facilitator, whether formal or informal, is almost always helpful in ensuring an effective discussion.
A group discussion is a type of meeting, but it differs from the formal meetings in a number of ways:
– It may not have a specific goal – many group discussions are just that: a group kicking around ideas on a particular topic. That may lead to a goal ultimately… but it may not.
– It’s less formal, and may have no time constraints, or structured order, or agenda.
– Its leadership is usually less directive than that of a meeting.
– It emphasises process (the consideration of ideas) over product (specific tasks to be accomplished within the confines of the meeting itself.
– Leading a discussion group is not the same as running a meeting. It’s much closer to acting as a facilitator, but not exactly the same as that either.
An effective group discussion generally has a number of elements:
– All members of the group have a chance to speak, expressing their own ideas and feelings freely, and to pursue and finish out their thoughts.
– All members of the group can hear others’ ideas and feelings stated openly.
– Group members can safely test out ideas that are not yet fully formed.
– Group members can receive and respond to respectful but honest and constructive feedback. Feedback could be positive. Negative, or merely clarifying or correcting factual questions or errors, but is in all cases delivered respectfully.
– A variety of points of view are put forward and discussed.
-The discussion is not dominated by any one person.
– Arguments, while they may be spirited, are based on the content of ideas and opinions, not on personalities.
– Even is disagreement, there’s an understanding that the group is working together to resolve a dispute, solve a problem, create a plan, make a decision, find principles all can agree on, or come to a conclusion from which it can move on to further discussion.
Many group discussions have no specific purpose except the exchange of ideas and opinions. Ultimately, an effective group discussion is one in which many different ideas and view points are heard and considered. This allows the group to accomplish its purpose if it has one, or to establish a basis either for ongoing discussion or for further contact and collaboration among its members.
There are many possible purposes for a group discussion, such as:
– Create a new situation – form a coalition, start an initiative, etc.
– Explore cooperative or collaborative arrangements among groups or organisations.
– Discuss and/or analyse an issue, with no specific goal in mind but understanding.
– Create a strategic plan – for an initiative, an advocacy campaign, an intervention, etc.
– Discuss policy and policy change.
– Air concerns and differences among individuals or groups.
– Hold public hearings on proposed laws or regulations, development, etc.
– Decide on an action
– Provide mutual support
– Solve a problem
– Resolve a conflict
– Plan your work or an event
Possible leadership styles of a group discussion also vary. A group leader or facilitator might be directive or non-directive; that is, she might try to control what goes on to a large extent; or she might assume that the group should be in control, and that her job is to facilitate the process. In most group discussions, leaders who are relatively non-directive make for a more broad-ranging outlay of ideas, and a more satisfying experience for participants.
Read the dialogues and choose the most appropriate options to complete the dialogues.
Take this medicine for a week and you’LL start to feel better.
Are you sure? It’s the best on the market.
Yes I am. Can you please prescribe another one?
A) What shall i do if unexpected side effects arise?
B) What is the ideal dosage for my weight?
C) No, it’s too early to prescribe another medicine.
D) But I’ve used it before and it did not help at all.
E) It looks as if the illness has already been cured.
Ans: D) But I’ve used it before and it did not help at all.
How did you like the movie you saw last night?
Certainly not. Do not waste your time.
A) Did you go alone or with a friend from work?
B) Hadn’t you read the reviews before you went to see it?
C) What do you mean by saying it depends?
D) I knew I could always count on you.
E) Then you wouldn’t recommend it, would you?
Ans: E) Then you wouldn’t recommend it, would you?
What? You crashed the car again?
I’ m sure it wasn’t. This is the third accident you have had this year.
You’re very angry now, dad. We had better talk about this later on.
A) I do apologise. I promise it won’t happen again.
B) Was the car in good condition?
C) But it wasn’t my fault. You’ve got to believe me.
D) Was is worth the money and time you had wasted?
E) Why do you ask? Don’t you know it’s too late now?
Ans: C) But it wasn’t my fault. You’ve got to believe me.
Why do you think so?
Whenever we meet, she pretends not to see me.
I don’t think it’s because she hasn’t got over her anger. She’s having
a bad time at work nowadays.
A) It seems that Martha is still angry with me.
B) Martha will never make a good manager.
C) I have never seen a smarter woman than Martha.
D) One thing that I especially like about Martha is her sincerity.
E) Martha has finally managed to get over her resentment.
Ans: A) It seems that Martha is still angry with me.
Are you kidding? We are in June.
So what? What’s wrong with June?
The right time to trim your roses is the beginning of winter, when they
Lose their flowers.
A) Are you going to plant those roses in your garden in June or July?
B) Can you help me prune the roses in the garden at the weekend?
C) I didn’t know your brother knew so much about gardening.
D) Have you got any idea what the right time is to shorten rose plants?
E) Are we supposed to do anything special to keep the roses fresh?
Ans: B) Can you help me prune the roses in the garden at the weekend?
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