Class 9 History Chapter 5 The Revolt Of 1857

Class 9 History Chapter 5 The Revolt Of 1857, Elective History class 9 SEBA Notes and Question Answer In English Medium The answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters SEBA Class 9 History Chapter 5 The Revolt Of 1857 and select need one.

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Class 9 History Chapter 5 The Revolt Of 1857

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 9 History Chapter 5 The Revolt Of 1857 Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

The Revolt Of 1857

Lesson – 5

HISTORY

TEXSUAL TYPE QUESTIONS

(a) From which year was the rule of the East India Company started in India and to which year was it continued ? 

Ans : The East India Company started to rule India from their victory at the battle of Plassey in 1757 till 1858 when the British crown took over the administration of India by the Government of India Act, 1858.

(b) Name the port where Vasco-da-Gama landed first time of India. 

Ans : Vasco-da-Gama landed at the port of Calicut on India’s Malabar Coast. 

(c) Who was the Nawab of Bengal during the battle of Plassey ? 

Ans : The Nawab of Bengal during the battle of Plassey was Siraj-ud-daula. 

(d) From whom did the East India Company get the charter to trade with India ? 

Ans : The East India Company got the charter to trade with India from Queen Elizabeth in 1600.

(e) Who was the Government-General of India in 1857 ? 

Ans : The Government-General of India in 1857 was Lord Canning. 

(f) Who was declared as the Emperor Hindustan by the rebels in 1857 ? 

Ans : Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah ll was declared the emperor of Hindustan by the rebels in 1857.

(g) Who was the first martyr of the revolt of  1857 ? 

Ans : The first martyr of the revolt of 1857 was Mangal Pandey. 

(h) Who was the first Viceroy of India ? 

Ans :- The first Viceroy of India was Lord Charming. 

Alternate Question

(i) Name the place where Bahadur Shah died. 

Ans : Bahadur Shah ll died in Rangoon where he had been exiled after the revolt of 1857.

(j) Who described the revolt of 1857 as the first war of Indian independence ? 

Ans : The scholars of 20th cent. described the revolt of 1857 in Assam. 

(k) Who was the leader of the revolt of 1857 in Assam ? 

Ans : Maniram Dewan was the leader of the revolt of 1857 in Assam. 

(l) Name the person who was hanged together with Maniram Dewan at Jorhat. 

Ans : Peoli Borua was hanged along with Maniram Dewan at Jorhat. 

(m) Who was decided to be installed as the king of Assam in 1857? 

Ans : The rebels decided to install Kandarpeswar Singha as the king of Assam in 1857.

WRITE SHORT NOTES

(a) Battle of Buxar.

Ans : Battle of Buxar :- The battle of Buxar fought in 1764 is one of the landmark battles in the history of India. It made the British a political power. After their victory at Plassey in 1757, the British appointed Mir Qasim, son-in-law of Mir Jaffar. However, in 1763 the British deposed Mir Qasim from the Nawabship of Bengal as he could not pay up all that they demanded. Therefore, he fled to Oudh where he formed an alliance with Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh and Shah Alam ll, the Mughal emperor and their combined forces invaded Bengal in October, 1764 which was then under the British. 

However, the battle ended leading to the victory of the British. The battle of Buxar is viewed as one of the most significant battles in the history of India. This battle made the British the sole master of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The resources of this rich region helped them to conquer the rest of India eventually. By this victory the Mughal emperor, Shah Alam ll became a mere pensioner under them and his Prime Minister Shuja-ud-Daula became a puppet in their hands. Many historians believe that the battle of Buxar laid the real foundation of British empire in India. 

(b) Dalhousie’s policy of expansion.

Ans : Dalhousie’s policy of expansion :- Lord Dalhousie was a ruthless imperialist who wanted to annex every part of India to the British empire. He used the following three means to achieve this goal:

(i) By the application of the Doctrine of Lapse. 

(ii) Annexation on grounds of misgovernment. 

(iii) Suspension of titles and pension of rulers. 

The kingdoms of Satara, Jaipur, Sambalpur, Bhagat, Udaipur, Jhansi and Nagpur were annexed to the British empire by the application of the Doctrine of Lapse. The rulers of these kingdoms were not allowed to adopt sons to continue their rule. Dalhousie’s annexation on the basis of the policy of doctrine of lapse caused a lot of uneasiness in the minds of almost all ruling princes. Oudh was annexed on the pretext of misgovernment. The dignities and the royal titles in the case of Carnatic and Tanjore were confiscated. 

Dalhousie’s suspension of pension to the Maratha chief alienated this martial race. Thus, the ruthless imperialistic polices of Lord Dalhousie created such enemies as Rani of Jhansi, Tantia Tope, Nana Saheb, Bahadur Shah, Nawab Wajid Shah of Oudh, Begum Hajrat Mahal, etc. These men and women became the key leaders of the great revolt of 1857. Thus, Lord Dalhousie’s policy of expansion was greatly responsible for the outbreak of the revolt of 1857.

(c) Enfield Rifle.

Ans : Enfield Rifle :- The immediate cause for the outbreak of the revolt of 1857 was the order to use a particular type of gun called Enfield rifles as well as a type of greased cartridges. These Enfield rifles first used in the Crimean war (1854-56) were introduced in India towards the end of 1856. This particular type of gun required special type of cartridges. The cartridges of these guns had a greased cover whose end had to be bitten off before the cartridge was loaded into the riffle. Soon a rumour spread among the Sepoys of the British Army that the greased cover contained the fat of pigs and cows. 

The Sepoys all over India were enraged. Most of them thought that it would endanger their religion and that the British had introduced the new cartridge deliberately to destroy their religion. They, therefore, refused the order of the British officers to use such cartridges. When they were compelled to do so they rebelled and broke out in open rebellion against the British might. This resulted what is known as the revolt of 1857.

(d) Rani Laxmibai.

Ans : Rani Laxmibai :- Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi was one of the most outstanding personalities of the revolt of 1857. She joined the rebels when the British refused to acknowledge her right to adopt an heir to the throne of Jhansi and annexed her state in 1853 on the grounds of Doctrine of Lapse. She, therefore, unfurled the banner of revolt against the British and pledged to fight them to the last which she did so marvellously and courageously, creating thereby an immortal name in Indian history. In her war against the British, she was helped by Tantia Tope, a follower of Nana Saheb as well as by Shahjada Firoz Shah, a scion of the Mughal dynasty. She eventually became the leader of the revolt in Central India. Although she was defeated by the British at several places yet she didn’t give it up and continued to fight against the British till her death. In the battle led by British general, Sir Hugh Rose in 1858 she was severely wounded and died on 17th June, 1858. Her death was a blow to the other leaders of the rebellion. Her spirit and courage became an epitome of the Indian quest for freedom from foreign subjugation. Sir Hugh Rose, the British general who fought against her described her as the greatest leader of the revolt of 1857.

(e) Konwar Singh.

Ans : Konwar Singh :- Konwar Singh was a rich Zamindar of Jagadishpur near Arrah in Bihar who was reduced to poverty as a result of the defective land settlement and revenue policies of the British. Therefore, when the Sepoys broke out in open rebellion he too joined them and led the rebellion in Bihar. Although he was nearly eighty years old, he was perhaps the most outstanding military leader and strategist of the revolt. The Sepoys of Danapur joined him and he was able to wage a series of battles against the British. He was able to defeat Capt. John Barr sent against him. However, another huge British force sent under the command of Major Vincent Ayer was able to drive out Konwar Singh from Bihar. In one of the battle against the British, he sustained injuries and died sometime later in 1858. Konwar Singh is considered to be the most brilliant leader of the revolt of 1857.

(f) Preparation of the revolt of 1857 in Assam.

Ans : Preparation of the revolt of 1857 in Assam :- The revolt of 1857 had its impact on Assam as well. Though the region did not indulge in major anti-British outbursts yet there was some sort of public expression of anger against the British during this time. The main organisers of the revolt of 1857 in Assam were Maniram Dewan and Peoli Borua. Maniram Dewan who was in Calcutta to meet the Governor-general in connection with getting some economic concessions for him came to know about the various events of the revolt of 1857. 

He found it the ideal time to hit at the British as he had many personal grievances against the British. Therefore, he wrote several letters to his friends and followers in Assam asking then to get ready to revolt against the autocratic administration of the British in Assam. But unfortunately, before anything could happen the plan of revolt came to be known by the British and it was ruthlessly suppressed.

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