Class 7 English Chapter 3 FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK

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SEBA Class 7 English Chapter – 3 FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK

The SCERT book is recommended by education experts and teachers to help students prepare for all subjects to help the CBSE class. SCERT books are primarily used by students preparing for their civil service exams and students preparing for UPSC, APSC, and other state civil service exams. Assam Board Class 7 English Chapter – 3 FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK Solution – ইংৰাজী

FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK

Lesson: 3

ACTIVITIES

1. Let’s see how much we have understood :

(a) Where was Anne frank from?

Ans : Anne Frank was from Netherlands.

(b) How has the voice of Anne Frank reached out across continents and generation?

Ans : Anne’s voice through her diary, published after her death has reachcd out across continents and generations.

(c) What did Anne Frank see lying on the table among her birth day presents ?

Ans: On the table there was a bunch of roses, a plant and. some peonies and among other things there was ‘Camera Obscura’ a party game.

(d) Why did Anne Frank remain in her bed lying till a quarter to seven on her birthday?

Ans: Normally Anne Frank was not allowed to get up from bed before seven O’clock. So on her birthday she was lying on her bed till quarter to seven.

(c) Who does ‘you’ in the lesson refer to?

Ans : ‘You’ in the lesson refer to Moorite, the cat who first of all greeted Anne.

(f) What is ‘Camera obscura’?

Ans: Camera obscura is a party game material.

(g) Who welcomed Anne in the dining room.

Ans: It was Moorite, the cat who welcomed Anne in the dining room

(h) Why does Anne Frank think that it is an odd idea for someone like her to keep a diary?

Ans : Anne Frank thinks it an odd idea for somcone be- causc he or she may not be interested for the diary of a thirteen year old girl.

(i) How does Anne Frank describe her feelings in one of her slightly melanchoty days?

Ans : In one of slightly melancholy days Anne sat shin in hand, feeling too bored and couldn’t decide whether to go out or stay at home.

(j) Who is kitty?

Ans : Kitty is Anne’s diary book. She named her diary book on Kitty and treated it to be her friend whom she could tell everything.

Q. 2. Read the text and write the dates related to Anne Frank’s life ?

Date of birth ……………..

Year’of death……………..

Date of starting her diary…………….

Ans: Date of birth : 12 June 1929

Year of death : carly March 1945

Date of starting her diary : June 12, 1942

Q. 3. Read the text and fill the column’s with a list of the gifts given to Anne on her birthday

(a) Gifts given to Anne Frank :

(b) Who gave them :

Ans : (a) Gifts given to Anne Frank : a bunch of roses, a plant, some peonies  Camera obscura – a party game, sweets, chocolates, a puzzle, a brooch, Tales and Legends of the Netherlands.

(a) Wizard book) and some money.

(b) Who gave them : giver’s name is not mentioned,Parents, joseph Cohen.

Q.4. Let’s learn some grammar :

(a) Read the following sentences carefully and note the use of the words printed in bold italics.

(i) Anne Frank started writing her diary in the summar of 1942. To day Anne’s voice has reached out across continents and generations and her diary is one of the most important documents of the war.

(ii) Rian started writing books at the age of fifteen. Now he has become a well-known writer.

(iii) Rashmi has started learning the guitar before a few months.

(iv) She has opened a music school.

(v) Sagar has gone out to play.

N. B. All the underlined verbs in the above sentences are used in present perfect tense. present perfect tense is used to express that an action is over already.

Now note the following sentences.

(i) Anne Frank started writing her diary in the summar of 1942. Later Anne’s voice had reached out across continent and generations etc.

(ii) Rian had started his business a long ago.

(iii) Rashmi had started a music school.

The underlined verbs of the above sentences are used in past perfect tense. Past perfect tense is used to express that an action over a long ago. Example: The plan had landed before we reached the station. We had reached home two days ago.

(b) Fill in the blank space in the following paragraph about Reema with the verbs given in brackets. 

       Reema was very happy on Sunday. She was given a diary on her birthday. She ……………..( receive) other gifts to, such  as flowers and chocolates. Her grandmother ……………(send) her a letter, which reached just on time. Reema ……………….. (bake) biscuits, which she distributed at school. She also ……………. (receive) other gifts too, such (spend) some of her pocket moncy to buy a few stickers for her friends.

Ans : Reema was very happy on Sunday. She was given a diary on her birthday. She had received other gifts too, such as flowers and chocolates. Her grandmother had sent her a letter, which reached just on time. Reema had baked biscuits. which she distributed at school. She also spent some of her pocket money to buy a few stickers for her friends.

      Let us revise the different forms of the verb ‘have’ The verb ‘have’ has the following forms.

Class 7 English Chapter - 3

Note how these verbs are used as helping verbs or auxiliary verbs in sentences.

(i) Have : I have received three gifts.

(ii) Has : Reema has left just now

     Both these senetences have the auxiliary or helping verb ‘have’ in the present tense.

     Now read the following sentences where the verb ‘have’ is used as a helping or auxiliary verb in the past time. 

(iii) Had : Her grand mother had sent her a letter which she received this morning.

(iv) Had: We had given her a bonquet of flowers which made her happy.

Now fill in the blanks in the following paragraph with the appropriate forms of the verbs given in brackets.

      “Today ……………..(be) a special day.” Reema thought “Grandma………….. (Have send ) such a beautiful letter! I wish she…………(has come) here herself, but she ……………(have full)  ill, and can’t come!”

Ans : “Today is a special day,” Reema thought, Grandma has sent such a beautiful letter! I wish she had come herself. but she had fallen ill, and cann’t come!”

S.L. No.Contents
পাঠ-1HOBBIES
পাঠ-2Uruka Adventure
পাঠ-3FROM THE DIARY OF ANNE
পাঠ-4Kindness
পাঠ-5The Daffodils
পাঠ-6Dhunu’s Guitar
পাঠ-7A Child’s Beauty
পাঠ-8Women In Space

Q. 5. Read the following sentence:

The teacher handed out the worksheets to the students.

       Note that the verb handed is a main verb used in the past tense. Main verbs can be of two types.

(a) Regular verbs: These are verbs that form their past tense and past participle forms according to an established pattern. Most verbs have a past tense and a past participle with -ed.

For Example:

play        played       played

Walk       walked      walked

(b) Irregular verbs : They are verbs that do not follow the established pattern when they take their past tense and past participle forms.

For Example: 

drink      drank      drunk

ring        rang        rung

cut         cut           cut

 hit          hit            hit

There are some verbs which take forms like the following in the past tense and past participle.for Example:

Think     thought    thought

Catch     caught     caught

      Learn more about irregular verbs with the help of your teacher. You can also consult a dictionary for a list of irregular verbs.

Some irregular verbs and their past tense and past participle form.

AriseAroseArisen
Be (am- is-are)was been
BeginBeganBegun
BlowBlewBlown
BreakBrokeBroken
BringBroughtBrought
ComeCameCome
ChooseChoseChosen
DoDidDone

Now complete the sentences by filling in the blanks with the simple past form of the verbs given in brackets.

(i) Another birthday has gone by, so l’m now fiftcen. I……………. (receive) quite a few gifts.

(ii) Peter …………….(give) me a lovely bouquet of peonies; the poor boy had put a lot of effort into finding a present, but nothing quite ………….(work ) out.

(iii) Churchill was on a torpedo boat that………. (Shell) the coast.

Ans :  (i) Another birthday has gone by, so l’m nów fifteen. I received quite few gifts.

(ii) Peter gave me a lovely banquet of peonies; the poor boy had put a lot of effort into finding a present. but nothing quite worked out.

(iii) Churchill was on a torpedo boat that shelled the coast.

Q. 6. Read the following sentences about Anne Frank :

(a) A thirteen year old girl in the Netherlands was given a diary on her birthday.

(b) The World would not have known, hed her diary not been published after her death.

(c) I am not allowed to get up at that hour.

      The three sentences above are in the passive form of the verb. We use the passive form of a sentence when we want to focus on the action rather than who did it. In the active form, the sentences would be written like this :

(a) Someone gave a thirteen year old girl in the Netherlands a diary on her birthday.

                                                                   Or

 Someone gave a diary to a thirteen year old girl in the Netherlands on her birthday.

(b) The world would not have known her, had her father not published the diary after her death.

(c) My family does not allow me to get up at that hour.

        As you can see, we focus on the doer of the action in an active sentence. Here are a few more examples.

AB
Active voice of the verbPassive voice of the verb
(i) I write poetry.(i)   Poetry is being written by me.
(ii) I am writing poetry.(ii)  Poetry is being written by me.
(iii) I have written poetry.(iii) Poetry has been written by me
(iv) I wrote poetry. (iv) Poetry was written by me.
(v) I had written poetry.  (v)  poetry had been written by me.

   All the sentences in column B are the passive, but they use different verbs to show the differences in the time when the action happened. Here are a few sentences about Anne Frank. Rewrite the sentences in the passive form.

(i) Anne Frank reeeives a diary for her birthday.

(ii)  Anne is counting her gifts.

(iii) Anne has baked biscuits for herself.

 (iv) Anne wrote a diary entry.

(v)  Her parents had given her a blue blouse.

Ans : (i) A diary is received by Anne Frank for her birthday.

(ii) Her gifts are being counted by Anne.

(iii) Biscuits have been baked by Anne herself.

(iv) A diary entry was written by Anne.

(v) A blue blouse had been given her by her parents.

    Or, She had been given a blue blouse by her parents.


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