Class 10 Elective Geography Chapter 5 Regional Geography of Japan

Class 10 Elective Geography Chapter 5 Regional Geography of Japan Question answer to each chapter is provided in the list so that you can easily browse throughout different chapters Assam Board Class 10 Geography Question Answer Chapter 5 Regional Geography of Japan and select needs one.

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Class 10 Elective Geography Chapter 5 Regional Geography of Japan

Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 10 Geography Elective Chapter 5 Regional Geography of Japan Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here…

Regional Geography of Japan

Chapter : 5

Textual Questions And Answers

1. State the geographical location of Japan.

Ans. Japan lies on the east coast of Asia in the Pacific Ocean. It lies between 24°N latitude in the South to the 46°N latitude in the north and between 123°E longitude in the West and 146°E longitude in the east. It is surrounded by the Sakhalin island, the Kuril island and the Okhotsk Sea in the north, the Taiwan Sea and the East China Sea in the South, the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Japan sea, the Korea Sea and the Russia Sea in the West.

2. Give a geographical description of Japan. 

Ans. Japan lies on the east coast of Asia in the Pacific Ocean. Japan is surrounded by seas in all directions. It comprises a  number of small and large islands laying in the Pacific Ocean. Among these islands, four islands are the most important. They are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Honshu is the largest among these four islands. Japan lies mostly in the temperate climatic zone. Its north to south length is 2,400 km. Japan has a total geographical area of 3,77,765 sq.km. Nearly 75% of the land area of Japan is of mountainous type. Many active and extinct volcanoes exist in these mountains. Japan has a population of 128 million as per the estimation of 2007 data. In respect of population, Japan is the tenth largest country of the world. Its capital city is Tokyo.

3. What are the major physical divisions of Japan ? Briefly describe with map the landform of each division.

And. Japan consists of a string of islands lying in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean. Physigraphically, Japan is almost uniform throughout, but minor differences exist based on which the country is divided into the following four physical division :

(i) Hokkaido region : This region mostly consists of the Hokkaido island which is situated in the northern-most part of Japan. Most part of this area is mountainous. The Hokkaido mountain range is situated in the central part of this region. The highest peak of the Hokkaido mountain range is Achahidak Peak (2,290m). A number of extensive and alluvial lowlands are found in the midst of the parallel mountain ranges. Important plains of this region are Ishikari-Yufutho plain, Tsukushi plain, Konsen plain, etc. Important towns of this region are Sapporo, Kushiro, Muroran, Asahigawa, Hakodate, etc.

(ii) The north-east Japan region : The north-east Japan region is situated in the northern part of the Honshu island. The Western part of this region is marked by numerous folds and faults. This region has two parallel mountain ranges named Auo and Utsu. The height of these ranges varies between 1,500-2,000 m. Coniferous trees, volcanic peaks, lakes, etc. have made this region an attractive place for tourists. This region has two important plateaus named Kitakami plateau and Abukuma plateau. The former is made of old sedimentary rocks while the latter mostly consists of volcanic rocks. The important cities of this region are Aomori, Akita, Morioka, Hachinoha, Sendai, Koriyama, Yamaguta, etc.

(iii) Central Japan region : The central part of Honshu island is known as central Japan. The two mountain ranges named Honshu mountains and Shicito Mariana mountain ranges merge together to form the highest mountain range of Japan. The Eastern part of this particular range is known as Hida mountain.Mount Fuji (3,776m), the holy mountain peak of the Japanese, is also situated here. Kwanto plain and Nabi plain are the two important plains of Central Japan. This region is highly suitable for agriculture being fed by the flood plains of the river Tone. The important towns of this region are Yokohama, Tokyo, Nagoya and Toyama.

(iv) South-west Japan region : The south-west Japan region comprises South-west part of Honshu island (i.e. Chugoku-Hanshu), Shikoku and Kyushu island. The mountain ranges of this region are the longest mountain ranges of Japan. Most of the areas of South-west Japan are formed by ancient rocks. The important plains of this region are Kyoto, Nara and Biwa. There are also fertile valleys in between the mountains. The southern part of Kyushu island has many volcanoes. Important cities of this region are Osaka, Kyoto, Kobe, Kita-Kyushu, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Kagoshima, Kumamota, Okayama and Sakai.

4. Give a brief description of the landforms of Japan.

Ans : Do Your Self.

5. Write briefly about population growth and distribution of Japan.

Ans : Japan is inhabited mainly by people of the Mongoloid race. Available records show that Japan had 5 million people in 610 A.D. However, this figure rose to 38 million in 1880; 72 million in 1945;127 million in 1999 and it reached upto128 million in 2007. Because of its declining birth and death rates, the annual average growth rate of its population is 0.4%.

Japan is the tenth most populated country in the world. One of the most significant features of the population of Japan is it’s uneven distribution. Nearly 75% of the total land area of Japan is mountainous and so these places have very thin population. On the other hand, the river valleys, plains and coastal areas have high density of population. The density of population in the mountainous region of Hokkaido and other is less than 100 as against Japan’s average density of population of 338 persons per sq.km. 

In fact, Hokkaido region covers 25% of the total land area of Japan, but it has only 5% of the total population of Japan mainly due to its hilly topography. The agricultural regions have a density of 100-800 persons per sq.km.while more than 800 persons live in every sq.km.of the industrialised plains. 20% of the population of Japan is settled in the mountainous regions. The two most densely populated areas of Japan are Tokyo-Yakohama industrial region of Central Japan and Kobe-Osaka industrial region of South-west Japan. The density of population in these two regions is over 10,000 persons per sq.km. Tokyo with a population of 3 crores is the most populated city in Japan. It is also the most populated city in the whole world. The Urban population of Japan has increased to 79% with decrease in agricultural production and migration of people from rural to urban areas. Hence, industrialisation has also contributed to the regional imbalance in population distribution of Japan.

6. Mention the factors which affect the density of population of Japan.

Ans : Japan has a population of 128 million as per 2007 estimate. This makes Japan the tenth most populated country in the world. The density of population of Japan is 338 persons per sq.km. One of the noticeable features of the Japanese population is its uneven distribution. The density of population of Japan varies from place to place. The main reasons for this variation in density of population are : 

(i) Mountainous nature of land : Nearly 75% of the land area of Japan is mountainous in nature.This makes the area unsuitable for human settlement and economic development. Hence, the density of population in these areas is less than 100 persons per sq.km.

(ii) High state of industrialisation : Today, Japan is one of the most industrialised nations in the world. High industrialisation brings about better employment opportunities leading to migration of people to urban areas and a high concentration of people in the towns and cities.

(iii) Urbanisation : The urban population of Japan is around 79% people have flocked to towns and cities because of the economic advantages of settling down in these places resulting in diminished agricultural production. Therefore, towns and cities of Japan have high density of population.

(iv) Climatic conditions : Climate is one of the important elements that affect the density of population of a country. The northern part of Japan has extreme cold climate and so this region has little population. On the other hand, the coastal regions of most of the islands of Japan have pleasant climate leading to high concentration of population in these areas.

7. Write about the role of agriculture in the economy of Japan.

Ans : Japan is one of the leading industrialised nations of the world. She occupies the second place in terms of industrial production. Nevertheless, agriculture plays a major role in the economy of the country. Nearly 6% of the population of Japan is engaged in agriculture. About 17% of the total land area of Japan is occupied by agriculture.one of the noticeable features of the agriculture of Japan is the use of modern methods of cultivation leading to high production per hectare. Agriculture affects or influences the economy of Japan in the following ways : 

(i) Provides employment : One of the great contributions of agriculture to the national economy of Japan is that it provides a means of livelihood to thousands of people. Employment opportunities remove rural poverty and promote money circulation in the country leading to greater economic progress.

(ii) Less dependent on foreign countries : Though Japan is considered to be a highly industrialised country, Yet she has also made commendable progress in the agricultural sector. Unlike many of the industrialised nations such as England, France, Germany, etc. Japan is almost self-sufficient in most of the food items and this makes Japan less dependent on foreign countries.

(iii) Boosts industrial production : The agricultural operations in Japan are highly mechanised. Most people use modern methods of cultivation as well as a lot of modern mechanical devices for various agricultural operations. This has boosted the industrial production in the country.

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