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Class 10 English Chapter 4 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom
Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions. Here we have given Assam Board Class 10 English Chapter 4 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom Solutions for All Subjects, You can practice these here…
Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom
Chapter – 4
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS ANSWER
Very Short answer type Questions
Q.1. (a) Choose the correct phrase/clause from the box to complete the given sentences:
They can be taught to love;
I was born free;
but he who conquers that fear.
(i) The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid—
(ii) If people can learn to hate—
Ans: (i) The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
(ii) If people can learn to hate they can be taught to love.
(b) Choose the meaning of the underlined word in the following sentence from among the alternatives given in the brackets:
I saw that it was not just my freedom that was curtailed, but the freedom of everyone…. (enhanced/reduced/withheld)
Q.2. (a) State whether the following statements are true or false:
(i) The colours of the new South African flag are black, red, green, blue and silver.
(ii) The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in South Africa.
(b) (i) The policy of apartheid created lasting peace in Mandela’s country.
(ii) On the day of inauguration Mandela was overwhelmed with a sense of history.
(iii) On the podium, Mr. de Klerk was first sworn in as first Deputy President.
(iv) Then Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as second Deputy President.
(c) (i) On the day of inauguration, Mandela was overwhelmed with a sense of freedom
(ii) On the day of inauguration, Mandela was overwhelming with a sense of history.
Ans: (a) (i) false
(b) (i) false
(c) (i) false
Q.3. How was the morning of tenth May?
Ans: The morning of tenth May was bright and clear.
Q.4. How had Mandela spent the past few days?
Ans: Mandela had spent few days besieged by dignitaries and world leaders.
Q.5. Why were the dignitaries and world leaders coming?
Ans: The dignitaries and world leaders were coming to pay their respect before the inauguration.
Q.6. Where was the inauguration ceremonies held?
Ans: The inauguration ceremonies were held in sand stone amphitheatre formed by the Union buildings in Pretoria.
Q.7. What is an amphitheatre?
Ans: An amphitheatre is a building without a roof with many rows of seats rising in steps.
Q.8. Why was the inauguration ceremony held?
Ans: The inauguration ceremony was held on the occasion of installation of South Africa first democratic, non racial government.
Q.9. In which season was the inauguration ceremony held?
Ans: The inauguration ceremony was held in autumn.
Q.10. Who is Zenani?
Ans: Zenani is Mandela’s daughter.
TEXTUAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Multiple Choice Questions & Answers
1.____is called an autumn day in South-Africa?
(i) 10th July
(ii) 10th May
(iii) 10th March
(iv) 10th October
Ans. (ii) 10th May.
2. How many national anthem were sung in South- Africa?
(iv) None of these
Ans. (i) Two.
3. South Africa is rich in –
(iii) Gems and minerals
(iv) All of above
Ans. (iii) Gems and minerals.
4. Nelson Mandela was –
(i) First black President of South Africa.
(ii) Second black President of South Africa.
(iii) Third black President of South Africa.
(iv) None of above
Ans. (i) First black President of SouthAfrica.
5. South-Africa became independent in the year-
Ans. (iii) 1994.
6. ANC stands for –
(i) Afghanistan National Congress
(ii) Azerbaijan National Congress
(iii) American National Congress
(iv) African National Congress
Ans. (iv) African National Congress.
7. ANC won ______seats out of_______
Ans. (ii) 252,400.
8. Zenani was______of Nelson Mandela.
(iv) None of these
Ans. (iii) Daughter.
9. A Non-racial government means-
(i) Which is based on skin-colour.
(ii) Which is not based on skin colour.
(iii) Which is based on corruption.
(iv) Which is not based on corruption.
Ans. (ii) Which is not based on skin colour.
Oral comprehension check -1
1. Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?
Ans: The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheater formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.
In India the Red Fort and parliament House are made of sandstone.
2. Can you say how 10 may is an “autumn day” in South Africa?
Ans: 10May is an “autumn day ” is South Africa because on this day freedom dawned in South Africa.
3. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mention “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious human achievement” he speaks of at the end?
Ans: By “an extraordinary human disaster” Mandela means the white rule over the blacks in South Africa. “The glorious human achievement ” is the freedom of the blacks and the end of human disaster.
4. Why does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Ans: Mandela thanks the international leaders for having come to take possession with the people as it was the victory of human dignity.
5. What ideals he set out for the future of South Africa?
Ans: He aims to liberate his people from various bondage, like poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination.
Oral comprehension check -2
1. What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?
Ans: The military generals saluted Mandela and pledged their loyalty. Their attitudes had changed because Mandela was their president then.
2. Why were two National Anthems Sung?
Ans: Two national anthems were sung by the two major races – the whites and the blacks. The blacks sang the old anthem of the republic.
3. How does Mandela describe the ‘systems of government in his country
(1) in the first decade, and
(2) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?
Ans: Mandela describes the ‘system of government in his country’
(i) in the first decade as the white-skinned people’s supremacy over the blacks, and
(ii) in the final decade the rights and freedoms of all peoples are established.
4. What does courage mean to Mandela?
Ans: To Mandela courage is not the absence of fear, but the victory over it.
5. Which does he think natural, to love or to hate?
Ans: He thinks to love is natural.
Oral comprehension check -3
1. What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?
Ans: Mandela mentions two obligations. The first one is man’s obligations to his family, his parents, his wife and his children. The second is to his people, his community and his country.
2. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these ‘transitory freedoms’ with “The basic and honourable freedoms”?
Ans: By being free as a boy Mandela meant to be free to wander, swim, run and roast meanies and also to ride bulls. But as a student he meant to be free to stay out at night and to study whatever he liked.
These were “transitory freedoms” that were far away from “basic and honourable freedoms” that means the freedom of the people to live with dignity and self-respect.
3. Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/why not?
Ans: No, Mandela does not think that the oppressor is free. Because an oppressor is the prisoner of hatred.
Thinking about the text
1. Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?
Ans: A large number of international leaders attended the inauguration to pay their respect to the new government. It signified the triumph of human dignity.
2. What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all those African Parrots” who had gone before him?
Ans: Mandela says so because he only followed the ideal of those African patriots who fought for the rights for his people. He also had to fact torture from the whites while doing so.
3. Would you agree that the “depths of oppression ” create “heights of character “? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own example to this argument?
Ans: Yes, the depths of oppression creates “heights of character “. Mandela says that the decades of racial oppression made leaders like Oliver Tambo, Chief Lu thuli, Yusuf Dadoo, Bram Fischer and Robert Sobukwe etc.
The same thing was seen in India. Leaders like gandhiji, jawaharlal nehru, sardar Patel, Netaji, Lokmanya Tilak etc. Came out against oppression.
4. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?
Ans: Mandela’s understanding of freedom changed with age and experience. As a boy he enjoyed freedoms to do the activities of boyhood days. But as he grew up he felt freedom as indivisible and felt for his people’s freedom as a whole.
5. How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?
Ans: Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ changed his life. A law-abiding attorney because a criminal and a family loving man had to live like a monk. It also made him a great statesman.
Thinking about Language :
1. There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding Verbs (from, govern) by suffixing = (at)ion or ment. There may be a change in the spelling of some verb – noun pairs : Such as rebel, rebellion; constitute; constitution.
1. Make a list of such pairs of nouns and verbs in the text.
2. Read the paragraph below. Fill in the blanks with noun forms of the verbs in brackets.
Martin Luther King’s —– (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the ——- (assist) of Rosa parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American blacks were confined to position of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean ———- (subjugate) and ———- (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, ———- (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the system. Martin Luther Kong’s tractors of protest involved non-violent ——– (resist) to racial injustice.
Ans: Contribution; assistance; subjugation; imprisonment; resistance.
2. Using the definite article with nouns.
You know that the definite article ‘the’ is not normally used before proper nouns. Nor do proper nouns usually occur in the plural. (We do not say : The Nelson Mandela, or Nelson Mandelas) But now look at this sentence from the text:
——– the decades of oppression and brutality ——– produced the olive tambos, the Walter sisulus ——– of our time.
Used in this way with the and/or in the plural, a proper noun carries a special meaning. For example,
What do you think the names above mean?
Choose the right answer.
(a) for example Oliver Tambo, Walter sisulu ——-
(b) many other men like Oliver Tambo, Walter sisulu ———/ many men of their type or kind, whose names may not be as well known.
Did you choose option (b)? Then you have the right answer!
Here are some more examples of ‘the’ used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences mean. (you may consult a dictionary if you wish. Look at the entry for ‘the’.)
1. Mr Singh regularly invites the Amitabh Bacchans and the Shah Rukh Khan’s to his parties.
2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the madhubala of our times.
3. History is not only the story of the Alexander’s, the Napoleons and the Hitler’s but of ordinary people as well.
Ans: To give special emphasis ‘the’ is used before proper names.
1. Mr Singh invites important people like Amitabh Bacchan and Shah Rukh Khan.
2. Madhuri Dixit is compared with Madhubala.
3. History is not only the story of great warriors like Alexander, Napoleon and Hitler but also the story of ordinary people.
3. Idiomatic Expression
Match the italicised phrases in column A with the phrases nearest in meaning in column B. (Hint : First look for the sentence in the text in which the phrase in Column A occurs.)
|1. I was not unmindful of the fact.||(i) had not forgotten; was aware of the fact.|
(ii) Was not carefull about the fact.
(iii) Forgot or was aware of the fact.
|2. When my comrades and I were pushed to our limits||(i) Pushed by the guards to the wall.|
(ii) Took more then our share of beatings.
(iii) Felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer.
|3. To reassure me and keep me going||(i) Make me go on walking.|
(ii) Help me continue to live in hope in this very difficult situation.
(iii) Make me remain without complaining.
|4. The basic and honourable freedoms of…….. earning my keep||(i) Earning enough money to live on.|
(ii) Keeping what I earned.
(iii) Getting a good salary.
Ans: 1- (i) I was not unmindful of the fact.
2- (iii) Felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer.
3- (ii) Help me continue to live in hope in this very difficult situation.
4- (i) Earning enough money to live on
In groups, discuss the issues suggested in the box below. Then prepare a speech of about two minutes on the following topic. (First make notes for your speech in writing.)
True liberty is freedom from poverty, deprivation and all forms of discrimination.
* Causes of poverty and means of overcoming it
* Discrimination based on gender, religion, class, etc..
* Constitutionally guaranteed Human Rights.
Causes : Poverty : No employment, illiteracy, superstitions, indifference of rules.
Means of overcoming it : Create employments; literate people and get rid of inefficiency and superstitions.
Respected principal, teachers and my dear friends,
To day I am going speak on the ’causes of poverty and means for over coming it’. Poverty is a curse caused mainly by no-employment. Due to illiteracy and not acquiring skill of employment this occurs. It is also because of agriculture based economy. To overcome poverty employments opportunity should be created through industrialization. The rate of literacy should be feared up. Vocation education should come up. Liberation will helps us to get rid of our superstitions beliefs.
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